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Elapognathus coronatus (SCHLEGEL, 1837)

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Crowned Snake 
SynonymElaps coronatus SCHLEGEL 1837: 454
Trimeresurus olivaceus GRAY 1841: 443
Elaps melanocephalus GRAY & NEILL 1845: 416
Alecto coronata — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1255
Denisonia coronata — BOULENGER 1896
Denisonia coronata — KINGHORN 1924
Denisonia coronata — FLEAY 1952
Drysdalia coronata — WORRELL 1961
Notechis coronatus — STORR 1982
Drysdalia coronata — COGGER 1983: 223
Drysdalia coronatus — HUTCHINSON 1990
Drysdalia coronata — WELCH 1994: 57
Drysdalia coronata — SHINE 1994
Drysdalia coronata — COGGER 2000: 645
Elapognathus coronata — KEOGH et al. 2000
Elapognathus coronatus — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 478
Elapognathus coronatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 264 
DistributionAustralia (Western Australia)

Type locality: King George's Sound, W. A. (original description cites Australia) designated by Coventry & Rawlinson (1980).  
TypesLectotype: MNHN-RA 0321, designated by Coventry & Rawlinson (1980).
Holotype: lost (presumed), from Australia [Trimeresurus olivaceus]
Holotype: BMNH, from King George's Sound, W. A. [Elaps melanocephalus] 
CommentSynonymy partly after COGGER 1983.

Habitat: terrestrial

  • Bush, B. & Maryan, B. 2006. Snakes and Snake-like Reptiles of Southern Western Australia. Snakes Harmful & Harmless, Stoneville, Perth, Western Australia, 40 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Coventry, A. J. & Rawlinson, P. A. 1980. Taxonomic revision of the elapid snake genus Drysdalia Worrell, 1961. Mem. Natl. Mus. Vict. 41: 65-78 - get paper here
  • Fleay, D. 1952. The crowned or coronated snake. Victorian Naturalist 68: 146-150 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. & Neill, J. 1845. Catalogue of reptiles and fish, found at King George's Sound. Appendix in: Eyre, E. J. Journals of Expeditions of Discovery into Central Australia and Overland from Adelaide to King George's Sound in the Years 1840-1. London: T. & W. Boone 1: 412-418
  • Gray, J.E. 1841. A catalogue of the species of reptiles and Amphibia hitherto described as inhabiting Australia, with a description of some new species from Western Australia. Appendix E, pp. 422-449. In: G. Grey, Journals of Two Expeditions of Discovery in Northwest T. and W. Boone, London. Vol. 2: 422-449 + plates - get paper here
  • Guibé, J. & Roux-Estève, R. 1972. Les types de Schlegel (Ophidiens) présents dans les collections du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Zoologische Mededelingen 47: 129-134 - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2020. An annotated list of reptiles and amphibians from the 1905 Hamburg expedition to southwest Australia deposited in the Zoological Museum Hamburg. Evolutionary Systematics 4: 61 - get paper here
  • Hutchinson M N 1990. The generic classification of the Australian terrestrial elapid snakes. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 29 (3): 397-405 - get paper here
  • Keogh,J.S., Scott,I.A. & Scanlon,J.D. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of viviparous Australian elapid snakes: affinities of Echiopsis atriceps (Storr, 1980) and Drysdalia coronata (Schlegel 1837) with description of a new genus. Journal of Zoology 252: 317-326 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1924. Reptiles and batrachians from south and south-west Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 14 (3): 163-183 - get paper here
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Descriptive. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum), 606 S. + xvi - get paper here
  • Shine, R. 1981. Venomous snakes in cold climates: ecology of the Australian genus Drysdalia (Serpentes : Elapidae). Copeia 1981 (1): 14-25 - get paper here
  • Shine, Richard 1994. Sexual size dimorphism in snakes revisited. Copeia 1994 (2): 326-346 - get paper here
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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