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Elapomorphus wuchereri GÜNTHER, 1861

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Wucherer's Lizard-eating Snake
Portuguese: Coral-Falsa 
SynonymElapomorphus wuchereri GÜNTHER 1861: 415
Elapomorphus wuchereri — BOULENGER 1896: 240
Elapomorphus wuchereri — DE LEMA & DEIQUES 1995
Elapomorphus wuchereri — DE LEMA 2002
Elapomorphus wuchereri — WALLACH et al. 2014: 261
Elapomorphus wuchereri — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Bahia, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais)

Type locality: Bahia, Brazil [fide BOULENGER 1896: 240]  
TypesNeotype: BMNH 1946.1.2.91 (designated by Entiauspe-Neto et al. 2017); syntype: BMNH 1946.1.2.96; original syntypes: BMNH 1946.1.2.92 and BMNH 1946.1.3.1; the two smaller specimens illustrated in Günther (1861) are current syntypes of a different taxon, Coronelaps lepidus (Reinhardt, 1861). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Elapomorphus wuchereri can be distinguished from all its congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) dorsal scales 15-15-15, smooth; (2) postoculars two; (3) loreal absent; (4) temporals 1 + 1; (5) six supralabials, 2nd and 3rd in contact with orbit; (6) seven supralabials; (7) gular scale rows 2–4; (8) ventrals 164–188 (179–188 in females, 164–169 in males); (9) subcaudals 30–46 (30–34 in females, 40–46 in males); (10) dorsal pattern with three narrow dorsal stripes in juveniles, and faint stripes in adults on a copper or yellow background; (11) ventral surface immaculate cream; (12) snout–vent length 194–1212 mm (194–1212.7 in females, 224.5–863.6 in males, Entiauspe-Neto et al. 2017). 

Synonymy: Elapomorphus accedens JAN 1861 has been removed from synonymy with E. wuchereri and synonymized with Elapomorphus quinquelineatus by de LEMA 1995. 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Otto Edward Henry Wucherer (1820-1874), a Portuguese-born German physician and herpetologist. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bérnils, Renato S.;Antônio de Pádua Almeida João Luiz Gasparini Ana Carolina Srbek-AraujoCarlos Frederico D. Rocha Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues 2014. RÉPTEIS NA RESERVA NATURAL VALE, LINHARES, ESPÍRITO SANTO, BRASIL. Ciência & Ambiente 49: 93-210 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Entiauspe-Neto, Omar Machado; Márcia Ferret Renner , Conrado Mario-da-Rosa, Arthur Diesel Abegg, Daniel Loebmann, Thales de Lema 2017. Redescription, geographic distribution and ecological niche modeling of Elapomorphus wuchereri (Serpentes: Dipsadidae). Phyllomedusa 16 (2): 225-242 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Günther, ALBERT 1862. Account of the reptiles sent by Dr. Wucherer from Bahia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 7: 412-417 [1861] - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Lema, Thales de; Hofstadler-Deiques, Clarice 1995. Estudo revisivo de Elapomorphus lepidus Reinhardt com a invalidacao de E. wuchereri Gunther, E. accedens Jan e E. coronatus Sauvage mediante analise tipologica e a ostelologia [osteologia] craniana (Serpentes, Colubridae, Xenodontinae, Elapomorphini) Biociências 3 (1): 91-143
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Rojas-Padilla O, Menezes VQ, Dias IR, Argôlo AJS, Solé M, Orrico VGD 2020. Amphibians and reptiles of Parque Nacional da Serra das Lontras: an important center of endemism within the Atlantic Forest in southern Bahia, Brazil. ZooKeys 1002: 159-185 - get paper here
  • Strauch,A. 1884. Bemerkungen über die Schlangengattung Elapomorphus aus der Familie der Calamariden. 2nd. Ed. Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg 29: 541-590 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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