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Elgaria coerulea (WIEGMANN, 1828)

IUCN Red List - Elgaria coerulea - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Gerrhonotinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesElgaria coerulea coerulea (WIEGMANN 1828: 380)
Elgaria coerulea palmeri (STEJNEGER 1893: 196)
Elgaria coerulea principis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Elgaria coerulea shastensis (FITCH 1934) 
Common NamesNorthern Alligator Lizard
coerulea: San Francisco Alligator Lizard
palmeri: Sierra Alligator Lizard
principis: Northern Alligator Lizard
shastensis: Shasta Alligator Lizard 
SynonymGerrhonotus coeruleus WIEGMANN 1828: 380
Gerrhonotus burnetti GRAY 1831: 64 (fide SCHMIDT 1953)
Gerrhonotus caeruleus [sic] — BOULENGER 1885: 273
Gerrhonotus caeruleus [sic] — BOULENGER 1887: 346
Gerrhonotus burnetti — STEJNEGER 1893
Gerrhonotus coeruleus utahensis WOODBURY 1945
Gerrhonotus coeruleus — WERMUTH 1969: 15
Gerrhonotus coeruleus — STEBBINS 1985: 166
Elgaria coerulea — CROTHER 2000
Elgaria coerulea coerulea — CROTHER et al. 2012

Elgaria coerulea palmeri (STEJNEGER 1893)
Gerrhonotus scincicauda palmeri STEJNEGER 1893: 196
Gerrhonotus coeruleus palmeri — FITCH 1938
Gerrhonotus coeruleus palmeri — WERMUTH 1969: 16
Elgaria coerulea palmeri — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Elgaria coerulea palmeri — CROTHER et al. 2012

Elgaria coerulea principis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Elgaria principis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852: 175
Gerrhonotus coeruleus principis — FITCH 1936
Gerrhonotus coeruleus principis — FITCH 1938
Gerrhonotus coeruleus principis — WERMUTH 1969: 16
Elgaria coerulea principis — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Elgaria coerulea principis — CROTHER et al. 2012

Elgaria coerulea shastensis (FITCH 1934)
Gerrhonotus coeruleus shastensis FITCH 1934
Gerrhonotus coeruleus shastensis — FITCH 1936
Gerrhonotus coeruleus shastensis — FITCH 1938
Gerrhonotus coeruleus shastensis  — WERMUTH 1969: 16
Elgaria coerulea shastensis — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Elgaria coerulea shastensis — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionCanada (S British Columbia),
USA (Washington, Oregon, Utah, Idaho, Montana, California)

Type locality: “Brasilia” (in error); modified to “San Francisco, California” by STEJNEGER 1902.  
Reproductionviviparous. There is 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 1163 
CommentSynonymy: partly after WERMUTH 1969. 
References
  • Adams, Michael J.; West, Stephen D.; Kalmbach, Lorrie. 1999. Amphibian and reptile surveys of U.S. Navy lands on the Kitsap and Toandos Peninsulas, Washington. Northwestern Naturalist 80(1):1-7
  • Baird,S.F. and Girard,C. 1852. Descriptions of new species of reptiles, collected by the U.S. exploring expedition under the command of Capt. Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. First part. - Including the species from the Western coast of America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 174-177 - get paper here
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1994. Standardized criteria for the recognition of embryonic nutritional patterns in squamate reptiles. Copeia 1994 (4): 925-935 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. On the affinity of the north-American lizard fauna. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 345-346 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Espinoza, Robert E.;Carre±o, Carrie A.;Van Heest, Ronald W. 1999. Geographic distribution. Elgaria coerulea. Herpetological Review 30 (1): 51-52 - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1936. Amphibians and reptiles of the Rouge River Basin, Oregon. American Midland Naturalist 17: 634-652 - get paper here
  • Fitch, H.S. 1938. A Systematic Account of the Alligator Lizards (Gerrhonotus) in the Western United States and Lower California. American Midland Naturalist 20: 381-424 - get paper here
  • Good, D.A. 1988. Phylogenetic relationships among gerrhonotine lizards; an analysis of external morphology. Univ. of Calif. Publs. in Zool. 121: 139 pp. - get paper here
  • Good, David A. 1995. Cranial ossification in the northern alligator lizard, Elgaria coerulea (Squamata, Anguidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 16 (2): 157-166 - get paper here
  • Good, David A.;Bauer, Aaron M.;Günther, Rainer 1993. An Annotated Type Catalogue of the Anguimorph Lizards (Squamata: Anguidae, Helodermatidae, Varanidae, Xenosauridae) in the Zoological Museum, Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berl. 69 (1): 45-56
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Lais, P. Mike 1976. Gerrhonotus coeruleus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (178): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Lambertz, Markus & Kerstin Graba 2011. Remarks on the northeasternmost distribution of Elgaria coerulea principis Baird & Girard, 1852 (Squamata: Anguidae) in British Columbia. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (2): 229-231 - get paper here
  • Nussbaum, R.A., Brodie, E.D., Jr., & Storm, R.M. 1983. Amphibians and reptiles of the Pacific Northwest. Univ. Press of Idaho, Moscow 332 pp.
  • Otvos, I.S. 1977. Observations on the food of three forest-dwelling lizards in California. Herpetological Review 8 (1); 6-7 - get paper here
  • Rutherford, Pamela. 2012. Northern Alligator Lizard - Lezard-alligator Boreal (Elgaria coerulea principis). The Canadian Herpetologist 2 (2): 8-9
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger,L. 1902. Gerrhonotus caeruleus vs. Gerrhonotus burnettii. Proc. Biol. Soc, Washington 15: 37 - get paper here
  • Stejneger,L.H. 1893. Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna, No. 7: 159-228 (+ 14 plates + 4 maps) - get paper here
  • Vindum, Jens V.;Arnold, E. N. 1997. The Northern Alligator Lizard (Elgaria coerulea) from Nevada. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 100 - get paper here
  • Wiegmann,A.F.A. 1828. Beyträge zur Amphibienkunde. Isis von Oken 21 (4): 364-383 - get paper here
  • Woodbury,A. M. 1945. A new Gerrhonotus lizard from Utah. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 58: 5-10 - get paper here
 
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