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Elgaria multicarinata (BLAINVILLE, 1835)

IUCN Red List - Elgaria multicarinata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Gerrhonotinae), Diploglossa, Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesElgaria multicarinata multicarinata (BLAINVILLE,1835)
Elgaria multicarinata scincicauda (SKILTON 1849)
Elgaria multicarinata webbii (BAIRD 1858)
Elgaria multicarinata ignava (VAN DENBURGH 1905)
Elgaria multicarinata nana (FITCH 1934) 
Common NamesE: Southern Alligator Lizard
G: südliche Alligatorschleiche
multicarinata: California Alligator Lizard
scincicauda: Oregon Alligator Lizard
webbii : San Diego Alligator Lizard
ignava: San Martin Alligator Lizard
nana: Los Coronados Alligator Lizard 
SynonymCordylus (Gerhonotus) multi-carinatus BLAINVILLE 1835: 57
Gerrhonotus multicarinatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 404
Gerrhonotus multicarinatus — VAN DENBURGH 1898: 64
Gerrhonotus multicarinatus — BRADLEY & DEACON 1966
Gerrhonotus multicarinatus — KAHL et al. 1980: 189
Gerrhonotus multicarinatus — STEBBINS 1985: 164
Elgaria multicarinata — LINER 1994
Elgaria multicarinata — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 227
Elgaria multicarinata multicarinata — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009

Elgaria multicarinata ignava (VAN DENBURGH 1905)
Gerrhonotus scincicauda ignava VAN DENBURGH 1905
Gerrhonotus multicarinatus ignavus — ZWEIFEL 1958

Elgaria multicarinata nana (FITCH 1934)
Gerrhonotus scincicauda nanus FITCH 1934: 7
Gerrhonotus multi-carinatus nanus FITCH 1934
Gerrhonotus multi-carinatus nanus — FITCH 1938
Elgaria multicarinata nana — TIHEN 1949: 596
Elgaria multicarinata nana — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 207
Elgaria multicarinata nana — CROTHER 2000
Elgaria nana — GRISMER 2001

Elgaria multicarinata scincicauda (SKILTON 1849)
Tropidolepis scincicauda SKILTON 1849: 202
Gerrhonotus (Elgaria) scincicauda — O’SHAUGHNESSY 1873: 47
Gerrhonotus scincicauda — STEJNEGER 1893: 195
Gerrhonotus scincicauda — VAN DENBURGH 1895: 120
Gerrhonotus multicarinatus scincicauda — FITCH 1936
Gerrhonotus multicarinatus scincicauda — STEBBINS 1985: 165
Gerrhonotus multicarinatus scincicauda — CROTHER 2000
Gerrhonotus multicarinatus scincicauda — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009

Elgaria multicarinata webbii (BAIRD 1858)
Gerrhonotus webbii BAIRD 1858: 255
Gerrhonotus Webbii — O’SHAUGHNESSY 1873: 46
Gerrhonotus webbii — GÜNTHER 1885: 35
Gerrhonotus scincicauda webbii — GRINNELL & CAMP 1917: 168
Gerrhonotus scincicauda webbii — BURT 1933
Gerrhonotus multi-carinatus webbii — FITCH 1938: 395
Elgaria multicarinata webbii — TIHEN 1949: 596
Gerrhonotus scincicauda ignavus VAN DENBURGH 1905: 19
Gerrhonotus multicarinatus webbii — STEBBINS 1985: 165
Gerrhonotus multicarinatus webbii — CROTHER 2000
Elgaria multicarinata webbii — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Elgaria multicarinata webbii — WERNING 2013 
DistributionUSA (Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada),
Mexico (Baja California)

ignava: San Martin Island, Baja California

nana: Los Coronados Island, Baja California. Type locality: South island, Los Coronados Island, Baja California.

webbii: S California, N Baja California. Type locality: “San Diego to El Paso”. Restrcited to San Diego, California, by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Typesnana: Holotype: Mus. Vert. Zool. UC 5402
webbii: Holotype: USNM 3078 (collected by T.H. Webb)
ignava: CAS 4699 
CommentType Species: Cordylus (Gerhonotus) multi-carinatus BLAINVILLE 1835 is the type species of the genus Elgaria GRAY 1838. 
References
  • Baird,S.F. 1859. Description of new genera and species of North American lizards in the museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1858: 253-256 - get paper here
  • Blainville, Henri Marie Ducrotay de 1835. Description de quelques espèces de reptiles de la Californie précédée de l’analyse d’un système général d’erpétologie et d’amphibiologie. Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 233-296 - get paper here
  • Blair, A.P. 1950. Notes on Two Anguid Lizards. Copeia 1950 (1): 57 - get paper here
  • Bradley, W. Glen and James E. Deacon 1966. Amphibian and Reptile Records for Southern Nevada. Southwestern Naturalist 11 (1): 132-134 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. Some lizards from the Great Basin of the West and adjacent areas, with comments on the status of various forms American Midland Naturalist 14: 228-250 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. and <br />T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1936. Amphibians and reptiles of the Rouge River Basin, Oregon American Midland Naturalist 17: 634-652 - get paper here
  • Fitch, H.S. 1938. A Systematic Account of the Alligator Lizards (Gerrhonotus) in the Western United States and Lower California. American Midland Naturalist 20: 381-424 - get paper here
  • Gebhart, J. 2010. Eine Schleiche mit Füßen - Die südliche Alligatorschleiche: Haltung und Nachzucht. Elaphe 18 (4): 39-46
  • Good, D.A. 1988. Phylogenetic relationships among gerrhonotine lizards; an analysis of external morphology Univ. of Calif. Publs. in Zool. 121: 139 pp. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1838. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Part 3. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 1: 388-394 - get paper here
  • Grinnell, J. & CAMP, C.L. 1917. A distributional list of the amphibians and reptiles of California. Univ. California Publ. Zool. 17: 127-208
  • Grismer, L. L. 2001. Bull. Southern Calif. Acad. Sci. 100(1):12-23.
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Kahl B, Gaupp P & Schmidt G 1980. Das Terrarium. Falken Verlag, Niederhausen (Germany), 336 pp.
  • Lais, P. Mike 1976. Gerrhonotus multicarinatus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (187): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Langerwerf, B. 1979. De Alligatorhagedis, Gerrhonotus multicarinatus, als bewoner von een buitenterrarium. Lacerta 37 (7): 106-111 - get paper here
  • Nussbaum, R.A., Brodie, E.D., Jr., & Storm, R.M. 1983. Amphibians and reptiles of the Pacific Northwest Univ. Press of Idaho, Moscow 332 pp.
  • O’Shaughnessy, A. W. E. 1873. Herpetological notes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 12: 44-48 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955] - get paper here
  • Rochester, Carlton J.; Cheryl S. Brehme, Denise R. Clark, Drew C. Stokes, Stacie A. Hathaway, and Ro 2010. Reptile and Amphibian Responses to Large-Scale Wildfires in Southern California Journal of Herpetology 44 (3): 333–351 - get paper here
  • Skilton, A.J. 1849. Description of two reptiles from Oregon. American Journ. Sci. Arts, (2) 7: 202, pl. at. p. 312
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1958. A new alligator lizard from the Panamint Mountains, Inyo County, California. American Museum Novitates (1883): 2 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger,L.H. 1893. Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna, No. 7: 159-228 (+ 14 plates + 4 maps) - get paper here
  • Van DENBURGH, John 1898. The Gerrhonotus of the San Lucan fauna, Lower California, with diagnoses of other west American species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1898: 63-66 - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh,J. 1895. A review of the herpetology of Lower California. Part I - Reptiles. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (2) 5: 77-163 - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh,J. 1905. The reptiles and amphibians of the islands of the Pacific Coast of North America from the Farallons to Cape San Lucas and the Revilla Gigedos. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 3) 4 (1): 1-40 - get paper here
  • Werning, Heiko 2013. Best of Southwest. Mit der Familie auf Reptiliensuche. Ein kleiner Reiseführer durch den Südwesten der USA. Reptilia (Münster) 18 (101): 82-93 - get paper here
  • Zweifel, Richard G. 1958. Results of the Puritan-American Museum of Natural History Expedition to western Mexico 2. Notes on reptiles and amphibians from the Pacific Coastal Islands of Baja California American Museum Novitates (1895): 1-17 - get paper here
 
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