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Emoia aneityumensis MEDWAY, 1974

IUCN Red List - Emoia aneityumensis - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Medway's Emo Skink 
SynonymEmoia aneityumensis MEDWAY 1974
Emoia aneityumensis — ADLER, AUSTIN & DUDLEY 1995
Emoia aneityumensis — ZUG et al. 2011 
DistributionVanuatu, New Hebrides

Type locality: Aneityum Island, Vanuatu  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1956.1.3.65 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: E. aneityumensis can be distinguished from E. samoensis by its higher number of medio-dorsal scales (40-42) and its lower number of subdigital lamellae (36-42); its coloration is identical to that of E. nigromarginata (but can be distinguished from the former by its larger size at sexual maturity (up to 92 mm SVL) and its increased number of eggs. Total length is about 2.74 times snout-vent length. Prefrontals are in weak contact and separate nasals from frontals. The interparietal is distinct. The 5th or 6th supralabial is the largest and located under the eye [Ineich 2011] 
CommentAbundance: this is one of the species called “lost” and “rediscovered” by Lindken et al. 2024. 
Etymologynamed after the type locality. 
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Brown W C 1991. Lizards of the genus Emoia (Scincidae) with observations on their evolution and biogeography. MEMOIRS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (No. 15) 1991: i-vi, 1-94 - get paper here
  • Ineich, I. 2011. Amphibians and reptiles. In: Bouchet P., Le Guyader H. & PascaL O. (eds), The Natural History of Santo. pp. 187-236. MNhN, Paris; Ird, Marseille; PNI, Paris. 572 pp. (Patrimoines naturels; 70). - get paper here
  • Lindken T.; Anderson, C. V., Ariano-Sánchez, D., Barki, G., Biggs, C., Bowles, P., Chaitanya, R., Cronin, D. T., Jähnig, S. C., Jeschke, J. M., Kennerley, R. J., Lacher, T. E. Jr., Luedtke, J. A., Liu, C., Long, B., Mallon, D., Martin, G. M., Meiri, 2024. What factors influence the rediscovery of lost tetrapod species? Global Change Biology, 30: 1-18 - get paper here
  • Lord Medway, & Marshall, A.G. 1975. Terrestrial vertebrates of the New Hebrides: origin and distribution. Roy. Soc. of London, Philosophical Trans. (Ser. B) 272: 423-465. - get paper here
  • Medway, L. 1974. A new skink (Reptilia: Scincidae: genus Emoia) from the New Hebrids, with comments on the status of Emoia samoaensis loyaltiensis (ROUX). Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist., London, 27: 53-57 - get paper here
  • Zug, G.R. 2012. A new species of treeskink (Squamata: Scincidae: Emoia samoensis species group) from Rotuma, south-central Pacific. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125(1):74-84 - get paper here
  • ZUG, G.R. 2013. Reptiles and Amphibians of the Pacific Islands. University of California Press, Berkeley, 306 pp. - get paper here
  • Zug, G.R. & I. Ineich 1995. A new skink (Emoia: Lacertilia: Reptilia) from the forest of Fiji. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 108 (3): 395-400. - get paper here
  • ZUG, GEORGE R.; ALISON M. HAMILTON & CHRISTOPHER C. AUSTIN 2011. A new Emoia samoensis group lizard (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Cook Islands, South-central Pacific. Zootaxa 2765: 47–57 - get paper here
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