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Emoia atrocostata (LESSON, 1830)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesEmoia atrocostata atrocostata LESSON 1830
Emoia atrocostata australis BROWN 1991
Emoia atrocostata freycineti (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839) 
Common NamesE: Littoral Whiptail-skink, Mangrove Skink, Littoral skink
G: Mangroven-Schlankskink, Mangrovenskink 
SynonymScincus atrocostatus LESSON 1830: 50
Mocoa cumingi GRAY 1845
Euprepes (Mabuya) bitaeniatus PETERS 1864: 53
Mabouya jerdoniana STOLICZKA 1870: 107, 172
Eumeces (Mabouya) singaporensis STEINDACHNER 1870
Euprepes (Mabuya) parietalis PETERS 1871: 572
Euprepes (Mabuia) microstictus PETERS 1874: 373
Mabouia marmorata MACLEAY 1877: 65
Mabouia irrorata MACLEAY 1877: 66
Euprepes marmorata MACLEAY 1877
Mabouia microsticta — MÜLLER 1880
Eumeces serratus FISCHER 1886: 56
Lygosoma atrocostatum — BOULENGER 1895: 31
Lygosoma atrocostatum — WAITE 1903
Emoia atrocostatum BARBOUR 1912
Lygosoma (Emoa) atrocostatum — STERNFELD 1918: 415
Emoia atrocostatum — TAYLOR 1922: 226
Lygosoma sinus SMITH 1929
Emoia parietale — SMITH 1937: 226
Emoia atrocostata irrorata LOVERIDGE 1948
Emoia serrata — GREER 1974: 20
Emoia atrocostata — GREER 1974: 20
Emoia atrocostata — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 69
Emoia atrocostata australis BROWN 1991
Emoia atrocostata — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 261
Emoia atrocostata — COX et al. 1998: 112
Emoia atrocostata — COGGER 2000: 476
Emoia atrocostata — COUPER et al. 2006: 380
Emoia atrocostata — GRISMER 2011
Emoia atrocostata atrocostata — KOCH 2012
Emoia atrocostata — GRISMER & QUAH 2019

Emoia atrocostata australis BROWN 1991
Emoia atrocostata australis — NGUYEN et al. 2009

Emoia atrocostata freycineti (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839)
Gongylus (Eumeces) freycinetii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 648
Emoia atrocostata freycineti — BROWN 1991: 12
Emoia manni BROWN 1948 (fide SHEA et al. 2021)
Emoia atrocostata freycineti — INEICH 2011 
DistributionAustralia (Cape York Peninsula, Christmas Islands, Queensland)
S Taiwan (incl. Lanyu island)
Philippines (Bancoran, Bantayan, Basilan, Busuanga, Calauit, Caluya, Cebu, Dinagat, Gigante south, Govenen (Great), Guimaras, Inampulungan, Lapinin Chico, Luzon, Mindanao, Palawan, Mindoro, Bohol, Masbate, Panay), Indonesia (Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Halmahera),
Vietnam, West Malaysia (Pulau Pinang, Johor, Negeri Sembilan, Pulau Tioman, Johor: Pulau Sibu), Palau,
Japan (Ryukyu)
Indoaustralian archipelago to Papua New Guinea

Pacific islands as far east as Vanuatu, New Hebrides and Caroline Islands, Admirality Islands, New Britain vicinity, New Ireland vicinity, New Hanover vicinity (see Mys 1988 for details), Solomon Islands [McCoy 2000], Toga, Loh, Hiu Islands, Guam (G. Rodda, pers. comm., 13 March 2016).

atrocostata: Micronesia, Bismarck Archipelago, New Guinea, islands of Torres Strait, Indo-Malayan Archipelago, Christmas Island (Indian Ocean), Philippines, Taiwan, Ryukyu Archipelago

australis: Cape York Peninsula. Type locality: on rocks at NW end of beach, Qld;

buergersi: Papua New Guinea; Type locality: Sepik River area, Papua New Guinea.

freycineti: Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Torres islands, Aore, Malo, Espiritu Santo, Pentecost, Malakula, Efate; type locality: Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz group, southern Solomon Islands.

manni: Solomon islands; Type locality: Wainone Bay, San Cristobal Island, Solomon Islands.

Type locality: Qualan Island (= Kosrae), Caroline Islands.  
TypesHolotype: lost, originally MCZ R-15078. Listed as unknown (in SANG et al. 2009), lost fide Glenn Shea, pers. comm., Feb. 2019. See also Brygoo 1985.
Holotype: AMS R56160 [australis]
Syntypes: MSNG 28080 [bitaeniatus]
Holotype: ZMB 25687, 25753, 25753A-F (BROWN 1991) [buergersi]
Lectotype: MNHN-RA 2907, designated by Wells & Wellington (1985). A subsequent designation of MNHN 2906 as lectotype by Brown (1991) is invalid due to the previous lectotype. However, Shea et al. 2021 requested the ICZN to fix the type designation by Brown 1991 because MNHN-RA 2907 was identified as Emoia nigra by Brown (1991) and Shea et al. (2021) [freycineti]
Holotype: MCZ 15078 [manni]
Holotype: MSNG 28082 [parietalis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Small to medium-sized (snout-vent length up to 118 mm) skinks with supranasals and a clear window in the movable lower eyelid. Frontoparietals fused and often incorporating the interparietal; clutch size in most species constant, 2, but 2 species (nigra and samoensis) with variable clutch sizes, up to 5 (Greer 1968, 1974: 19). 
CommentSynonymy: Mostly after BROWN 1991 (who also preliminarily synonymized Lygosoma buergersi VOGT 1932). Mabouya jerdoniana STOLICZKA 1870 was described twice, in two different papers. Gongylus (Eumeces) freycinetii was placed in the synonymy of Scincus atrocostatus (at the time either Emoa atrocostata or Lygosoma [Emoa] atrocostata; now Emoia atrocostata) by Girard (1858: 264) and Boulenger (1887: 295) and remained in that synonymy (with one exception) until Brown (1991: 10) resurrected the name for a subspecies of E. atrocostata.

Conservation: This species is classified as “vulnerable” in Japan (Ota 2000).

Type species: Emoia atrocostata is the type species of the genus Emoia GRAY 1845 (fide GREER 1974).

Distribution: see map in Richmond et al. 2021: Fig. 2. 
EtymologyPresumably named after the lateral black (or dark) band, from Latin “ater” = black, and Latin “costa” = rib.

Emoia atrocostata freycineti was apparently named after Louis-Claude de Saulces de Freycinet, commander of the Uranie, on an even earlier French expedition to the Pacific (1817–1820), on which Quoy and Gaimard were also naturalists (Shea et al. 2021). 
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