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Emoia schmidti BROWN, 1954

IUCN Red List - Emoia schmidti - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Schmidt's Emo Skink 
SynonymEmoia schmidti BROWN 1954: 270
Emoia schmidti — GREER 1974: 20
Emoia schmidti — ADLER, AUSTIN & DUDLEY 1995 
DistributionSolomon Islands (New Georgia Island)

Type locality: New Georgia Island.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: FMNH 41331 
DiagnosisDefinition and diagnosis. An Emoia of moderate size with well- developed limbs; snout moderately tapering and bluntly rounded; number of rows of scales around the middle of the body 31-36; number of lamellae beneath the fourth toe 71-87; number of rows of scales along the mid-dorsal line from the parietals to the base of the tail 56-65; interparietal consistently absent; color pattern with a broad, generally uniformly light brown mid-dorsal stripe (3 to 4 and a fraction scale-rows in width) which gradually fades into the blue of the tail posterior to the hind limbs, and a narrow ivory to pale greenish white dorso-lateral stripe edged dorsally by a narrow dark brown band and laterally by the dark brown of the upper lateral surfaces. Differs from E. cyanura from the same localities in the greater number of rows of scales around the body, the color pattern, the stockier build, and the blunter head and snout; from E. cuniceps in the color pattern, the absence of a distinct interparie- tal, the lower number of supralabials anterior to the enlarged one beneath the orbit, and the generally smaller size and longer limbs, the adpressed hind limb reaching to the shoulder or beyond (not just to the elbow or a little beyond). Differences in size and scale-counts are summarized in Table 2 (Brown 1954).

Description of type. Body moderately slender; snout moderately tapering and bluntly rounded; supranasals long, in contact with the anterior loreal, which is shorter and broader than the posterior loreal (fig. 45, a); prefrontals not in contact; frontal longer than broad, slightly shorter than the fused fronto-parietals; no inter- parietal; a pair of large nuchals and temporals behind the parietals. Supraoculars 4, plus a small one posteriorly; ear opening about equal in size to the palpebral disk, several small lobules along its anterior border. Fifth and largest supralabial beneath the eye, its length about one-half its distance from the rostral; six infralabials; post- mental scarcely longer than the mental; the anterior pair of chin- shieldsincontact. Scale-rows across the nape from ear opening to ear opening 10; scale-rows around the middle of the body 34; from parietals to base of tail 61; lamellae under the fourth toe 70-71 (Brown 1954).

Color: Head and mid-dorsal region (three to four scale-rows in width) light olive brown suffused with darker brown, head somewhat lighter; a light ivory dorso-lateral stripe from the supraciliary region to the hind limbs, bordered dorsally by a narrow blackish brown line (one-half to two half-scales in width), which is broken and irregular on the posterior part of the body, and below by the broad black-brown band (generally four or five scales in width) on the side of the head and upper lateral surface of the body as far posterior as the hind limb. This dark lateral band is marked ventrally by small, whitish or pale bluish green spots; limbs dark brown to black brown, heavily marked with whitish or blue spots; toes with light transverse bars; tail blue, marked with series of brown blotches on the dorsal and lateral surfaces; lower lateral surfaces bluish; venter yellowish, or whitish anteriorly and bluish white posteriorly (Brown 1954).

Measurements. Length of snout 5 mm.; snout to forelimb 11; snout to vent 59; axilla to groin 28; tail 92; forelimb 18; hind limb 27.5; fourth toe 8. (Brown 1954). 
Comment 
EtymologyNamed after Karl Patterson Schmidt (1890-1957), American herpetologist (see Davis 1957 and RESETAR & VORIS 1997 for biographical notes). 
References
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Brown W C 1991. Lizards of the genus Emoia (Scincidae) with observations on their evolution and biogeography. MEMOIRS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (No. 15) 1991: i-vi, 1-94 - get paper here
  • Brown, W. C. 1954. Notes on several lizards of the genus Emoia, with descriptions of new species from the Solomon Islands. Fieldiana: Zoology 34: 263-276 - get paper here
  • Brown, Walter C. 1953. Results of the Archbold Expeditions. No. 69 A review of New Guinea lizards allied to Emoia baudini and Emoia physicae (Scincidae). American Museum Novitates (1627): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Klein, E. R., Harris, R. B., Fisher, R. N. and Reeder, T. W. 2016. Biogeographical history and coalescent species delimitation of Pacific island skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Emoia cyanura species group). Journal of Biogeography.doi: 10.1111/jbi.12772 - get paper here
  • McCoy, M. 2006. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Pensoft Series Faunistica 57, 212 pp.
  • McCoy, M. 2015. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Michael McCoy, Kuranda - get paper here
 
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