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Emoia similis DUNN, 1927

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Dunn's Emo Skink 
SynonymEmoia similis DUNN 1927
Emoia sembalunica MERTENS 1927
Leiolopisma sembalunicum MERTENS 1927
Leiolopisma sembilunicum — MERTENS 1930: 158
Emoia similis — MERTENS 1930: 160
Emoia similis — SMITH 1937: 227
Leiolopisma kadarsani DAREVSKY 1964
Leiolopisma kardarsani DAREVSKY 1964 (fide HOW et al. 1998)
Leiolopisma kadarsani padariensis DAREVSKY 1964
Leiolopisma sembilunica rintjana DAREVSKY 1964
Emoia sembalunica — GREER 1974: 20
Emoia similis — GREER 1974: 20
Emoia sembilunica rintjana — BROWN 1991
Emoia similis — BROWN 1991
Emoia similis — HOW et al. 1998 
DistributionIndonesia (Komodo, Padar, Rintja; Flores [fide SMITH 1937], Lombok)

Type locality: Komodo, 500-1500 feet elevation.

kardarsani: Komodo and Padar.  
TypesHolotype: AMNH 31977
Holotype: SMF 22091 [sembalunicum]
Holotype: MZB Lace; Paratypes: ZISP 17607.1–19 (19 specimens), “Rintja Island in the Lesser Sundas Archipelago” [Rinca Island, West Manggarai Regency, East Nusa Tengarra, Indonesia]. Leg.: I.S. Darevsky, 10.VIII.1962 [rintjana]
Holotype is MZB Lace.976 from “Komodo Island” (Iskandar & Mumpuni 2002); Paratypes: ZISP 17599.1-14 (14 specimens), “Komodo Island in the Lesser Sundas Archipelago” [Komodo Island, West Manggarai Regency, East Nusa Tengarra, Indonesia]. Leg.: I.S. Darevsky, 2.VIII.1962 [Leiolopisma kadarsani]
Holotype: ZISP 17605, adult male, “Padar Island in the Lesser Sundas Archipelago” [Padar Island, West Manggarai Regency, East Nusa Tengarra, Indonesia]. Leg.: I.S. Darevsky, 8.VIII.1962.
Paratypes: ZISP 17606.1–2 (two specimens), “Padar Island in the Lesser Sundas Archipelago” [Padar Island, West Manggarai Regency, East Nusa Tengarra, Indonesia]. Leg.: I.S. Darevsky, 8.VIII.1962. Iskandar & Mumpuni (2002) incorrectly cited MZB Lace.978, a female from “Komodo Island” as a holotype. [padariensis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: An Emoia with short legs, barely meeting when appressed; inter- parietal fused; frontal longer than prefrontal; 22 lamelae under fourth toe; 28 smooth scales around body; allied to cyanurum and kordoanum but with shorter legs (Dunn 1927: 9).

Comparisons: close to Emoia lessonii (kordoanum) and to E. cyanurum. Its color is exactly that of cyanurum (cf.Sternfeld,1920: 407 and Parker,1925: 298), while in lessonii the mid-dorsal stripe stops at the base of the tail. It has shorter limbs than either with fewer sub-digital lamelae, 22 as against the 33-51 of lessonii or the 56-80 of cyanurum, and the preanals are enlarged (Dunn 1927: 10). 
EtymologyDunn doesn’t give an etymology but the species is likely named after its similarity to E. lessonii (= E. cyanura) and E. kordoana.

Leiolopisma kadarsani was named after Sampurno Kadarsan (1929–2010), director of the Bogor Zoology Museum (Indonesia), in 1962 together with I.S. Darevsky he participated in the expedition to Lesser Sundas Archipelago.

Leiolopisma kadarsani padariensis and L. k. rintjana were named after their type localities. 
  • Auffenberg W 1980. The herpetofauna of Komodo, with notes on adjacent areas. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum 25 (2): 39-156 - get paper here
  • BARABANOV, ANDREI & KONSTANTIN MILTO 2017. An annotated type catalogue of the anguid, dibamid, scincid and varanid lizards in the Department of Herpetology, Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia (Reptilia: Sauria: Anguidae, Dibamidae, Scincidae and Varanida Zootaxa 4244 (1): 065–078 - get paper here
  • Brown W C 1991. Lizards of the genus Emoia (Scincidae) with observations on their evolution and biogeography. MEMOIRS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (No. 15) 1991: i-vi, 1-94 - get paper here
  • Darevsky, l. S. 1964. New species of scincoid lizards from the islands of Lesser Sundas Archipelago, East Indonesia [in Russian]. [Translated from Russian for the National Science Foundation Office of Science Information Services, ed. James A. Peters]. Zool. J. (Moscow) 43 (1): 80-88 [available from Smithsonian Herp Inf Serv. (7)] - get paper here
  • Darevsky, l. S. 1964. Die Reptilien der Inseln Komodo, Padar und Rintja im Kleinen Sunda-Archipel, Indonesien. Senckenbergiana biologica 43 (3/5): 563-576
  • Dunn, E. R. 1927. Results of the Douglas Burden Expedition to the Island of Komodo. III.- Lizards from the East Indies. American Museum Novitates (288): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • How, R. A., B. Durrant; L. A. Smith and Najamuddin Saleh, 1998. Emoia (Reptilia: Scincidae) from the Banda Arc islands of eastern Indonesia: variation in morphology and description of a new species. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 19: 131-139 - get paper here
  • Iskandar, Djoko T. and Mumpuni 2002. The herpetological type specimens in the Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense Collection. Hamadryad 27 (1):123-135 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1930. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Inseln Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa und Flores. Senck. Naturf. Gesell., Frankfurt am Main, Abhandl. 42(3): 117-344.
  • Mertens, R., 1927. Neue Amphibien und Reptilien aus dem Indo-Australischen Archipel, gesammelt während der Sunda-Expedition Rensch. Senckenbergiana 9: 234-242
  • Peters, James A. (Editor) 1966. New species of scincid lizards from the Islands of the Lesser Sunda Archipelago (East Indonesia) by I. S. Darevskii. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (7): 1-8 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
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