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Emoia tongana (WERNER, 1899)

IUCN Red List - Emoia tongana - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma cyanogaster var. tongana WERNER 1899: 374
Emoia murphyi BURT 1930
Emoia murphyi — BURT & BURT 1932
Emoia murphyi — SMITH 1937: 227
Emoia murphyi — HIGGINS 1943
Emoia murphyi — GREER 1974: 20
Emoia murphyi — BROWN 1991
Emoia tongana — AUSTIN & ZUG 1999 
DistributionWestern Samoa and some northern Tongan islands (Futuna, Niuafo’ou, Niuatoputapu, Va’vau, Ha’apai)

Type locality: restricted to Neiafu [Port of Refuge], Vava’u, Vava’u Group, Tonga by AUSTIN & ZUG 1999.  
TypesLectotype: ZMB 15702 (designated by AUSTIN & ZUG 1999)
Holotype: AMNH [murphyi] 
CommentDistribution: not on the Solomon Islands (Bougainville Island) by McCoy 2015 although the species was listed by SMITH 1937 for the Solomons. Note that E. cyanogaster is on the Solomons though. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Austin,C.C. & Zug,G.R. 1999. Molecular and morphological evolution in the south-central Pacific skink Emoia tongana (Reptilia: Squamata): uniformity and human-mediated dispersal. Austral. J. Zool. 47: 425-437 - get paper here
  • Brown W C 1991. Lizards of the genus Emoia (Scincidae) with observations on their evolution and biogeography. MEMOIRS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (No. 15) 1991: i-vi, 1-94 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E.; Burt, May Danheim 1932. Herpetological results of the Whitney South Sea Expedition. VI. Pacific island amphibians and reptiles in the collection of the American Museum of Natural History. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 63 (5): 461-597 - get paper here
  • Gill B J. 1993. The Land Reptiles of Western Samoa. Journal of the Royal Society Of New Zealand 23 (2): 79-89. - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Higgins, H. 1943. A Few Reptiles from Western Samoa. Copeia 1943 (1): 59 - get paper here
  • McCoy, M. 2015. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Michael McCoy, Kuranda - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Werner, F. 1899. Beiträge zur Herpetologie der pacifischen Inselwelt und von Kleinasien. I. Bemerkungen über einige Reptilien aus Neu-Guinea und Polynesien. II. Über einige Reptilien und Batrachier aus Kleinasien. Zool. Anz. 22: 371-375, 375-378 - get paper here
  • Zug, G. R. & B. J. Gill 1997. Morphological variation of Emoia murphyi (Lacertilia: Scincidae) on islands of the southwest Pacific. J. Royal Soc. New Zealand, 27 (2): 235-242. - get paper here
  • Zug, G. R., I. Ineich, G. Pregill, and A. M. Hamilton. 2012. Lizards of Tonga and a description of a new Tongan treeskink (Squamata: Scincidae: Emoia samoensis Group). Pacific Science 66(2):225-237 - get paper here
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