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Emydocephalus ijimae STEJNEGER, 1898

IUCN Red List - Emydocephalus ijimae - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Turtlehead Sea Snake
Chinese: 龟头海蛇 
SynonymEmydocephalus ijimae STEJNEGER 1898: 223
Aipysurus annulatus BOULENGER 1899: 21 (not of KREFFT)
Emydocephalus ijimae — STEJNEGER 1907: 413
Emydocephalus ijimae — WALL 1909: 187
Emydocephalus ijimae — HUANG 1996
Emydocephalus ijimae — KHARIN 2005
Emydocephalus ijimae — WALLACH et al. 2014: 268 
DistributionSE Asian Sea (China, Taiwan, Japan, Ryukyu Island)

Type locality: Loo Chao Island  
TypesHolotype: USNM 36517 

Habitat: marine. 
EtymologyNamed in honour of Prof. Isao Ijima, Science College, Imperial University, Tokyo. Synonymy partly after STEJNEGER 1907. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1899. Reptilia and Batrachia. Zoological Record, 36:1-31
  • Huang W S 1996. Sexual size dimorphism of sea snakes in Taiwan. BULLETIN OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL SCIENCE (TAICHUNG) 7: 113-120
  • Kharin, V.E. 2008. Biota of the Russian Waters of the Sea of Japan Vol. 7 - Reptilians [in English and Russian]. Vladivostok, Dalnauka, 170 pp.
  • Kharin, V.E. 2009. Redescription of a Russian Finding of the Erabu Sea Krait Pseudolaticauda semifasciata (Reinwardt in Schlegel, 1837), with Remarks about Species Composition of Sea Snakes (Serpentes: Laticaudidae, Hydrophiidae) in Russian and Adjacent Waters. Russian Journal of Marine Biology 35 (1): 8–14 - get paper here
  • Masunaga, Gen;Ota, Hidetoshi 1994. Natural history of the sea snake, Emydocephalus ijimae in the central Ryukys. Japanese Journal of Herpetology 15 (4): 144
  • NANKIVELL, JAMES H.; CLAIRE GOIRAN, MATHEW HOURSTON, RICHARD SHINE, ARNE R. RASMUSSEN, VICKI A. THOMSON, KATE L. SANDERS 2020. A new species of turtle-headed sea Snake (Emydocephalus: Elapidae) endemic to Western Australia. Zootaxa 4758 (1): 141–156 - get paper here
  • SASAI, TAKAHIDE; TAISHI OKAZAWA, MINORI HASEGAWA & KEI YAMAZAKI. 2022. The first record of sea anemone Stichodactyla gigantea consuming a sea snake Emydocephalus ijimae. The Herpetological Bulletin (161). - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1898. On a collection of batrachians and reptiles from Formosa and Adjacent Islands. J. Coll. Sci. Univ. Tokyo 12: 215-225 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1910. The batrachians and reptiles of Formosa. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 38: 91-114 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1909. Monograph on the Sea Snakes. Mem. Asiatic Soc. Bengal 2 (8): 169-251 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
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