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Emydura australis (GRAY, 1841)

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Higher TaxaChelidae, Chelodininae, Pleurodira, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymHydraspis australis GRAY in GREY 1841
Emydura australis — BOULENGER 1889: 232
Emydura australis — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1961: 319
Emydura australis — GOODE 1967: 79, 136
Emydura australis — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 127
Emydura australis — KEHLMAIER et al. 2019 
DistributionAustralia (Northern Territory)

Type locality: "West Australia” (probably N Western Australia, but specific location unknown)  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1947.3.4.36 
Diagnosis 
CommentEmydura australis has been considered as a synonym of E. victoriae, but treated as a valid species following Kehlmaier et al. 2019.

Habitat: freshwater (rivers, swamps) 
Etymology 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Catalogue of the chelonians, rhynchocephalians, and crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum, London, 311 pp.
  • Goode, J. 1967. Freshwater tortoises of Australia and New Guinea. Lansdowne Press, Melbourne 154 pp.
  • Gray, J.E. 1841. A catalogue of the species of reptiles and Amphibia hitherto described as inhabiting Australia, with a description of some new species from Western Australia. Appendix E, pp. 422-449. In: G. Grey, Journals of Two Expeditions of Discovery in Northwest T. and W. Boone, London. Vol. 2: 422-449 + plates - get paper here
  • Kehlmaier, C., Zhang, X., Georges, A., Campbell, P. D., Thomson, S., & Fritz, U. 2019. Mitogenomics of historical type specimens of Australasian turtles: clarification of taxonomic confusion and old mitochondrial introgression. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 5841 - get paper here
  • Wermuth, H., and R. Mertens. 1961. Schildkröten, Krokodile, Brückenechsen. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena. xxvi + 422 pp.
  • Wermuth, H., and R. Mertens. 1977. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Testudines, Crocodylia, Rhynchocephalia. Das Tierreich. Berlin. 100: i-xxvii, 1-174
 
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