Emydura australis (GRAY, 1841)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Emydura australis?
|Higher Taxa||Chelidae, Chelodininae, Pleurodira, Testudines (turtles)|
|Common Names||E: Australian Big-headed Side-necked Turtle|
|Synonym||Hydraspis australis GRAY in GREY 1841|
Chelymys australis — GRAY 1871: 366
Emydura australis — BOULENGER 1889: 232
Emydura australis — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1961: 319
Emydura australis — GOODE 1967: 79, 136
Emydura australis — MERTENS 1969
Emydura australis — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 127
Emydura australis — ERNST & BARBOUR 1989
Emydura australis — COGGER 2000: 740
Emydura australis — BONIN et al 2006
Emydura australis — KEHLMAIER et al. 2019
|Distribution||Australia (Western Australia: drainages of the Kimberley region, Northern Territory)|
Type locality: "West Australia” (probably N Western Australia, but specific location unknown)
|Types||Holotype: BMNH 19126.96.36.199|
|Comment||Synonymy: COGGER (1983) synonymized E. australis with E. macquarri. E. australis is mentioned by BURKE & KING 1989 and considered as synonymous to Emydura macquarrii by MCCORD et al. (2003). Kehlmaier et al. 2019 state that “the differentiation of the mitogenome of the holotype of H. australis suggests that it is distinct from E. macquarii and may thus represent a valid species” and later (p. 9) consider it “to represent a valid species”.|
Diet: The species eats a variety of plant and animal food. Plant food includes figs (Legler, 1976). Animal food includes molluscs (Legler, 1976).
Karyotype: The karyotype of this species consists of 50 chromosomes grading from large to small with all the large chromosomes being bi-armed (Bull and Legler, 1980).
Habitat: freshwater (rivers, swamps)