You are here » home advanced search Emydura macquarii

Emydura macquarii (GRAY, 1830)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Emydura macquarii?

Add your own observation of
Emydura macquarii »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaChelidae, Chelodininae, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesEmydura macquarii macquarii (GRAY 1830)
Emydura macquarii krefftii (GRAY 1871)
Emydura macquarii emmotti MCCORD, CANN & JOSEPH-OUNI 2003
Emydura macquarii nigra CANN, MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2003 
Common NamesMurray River Turtle
emmotti: Emmott’s Short-necked Turtle
Macleay River Short-necked Turtle [dharra]
Hunter River Short-necked Turtle [gunnabarra]
nigra: Fraser Island Short-necked Turtle
Brisbane Short-necked Turtle [signata]
Australian Big-headed Side-necked Turtle [australis] 
SynonymEmys macquaria CUVIER 1827 (nomen nudum)
Chelys (Hydraspis) macquarii GRAY 1830
Emys maquaria — SCHINZ 1833 (ex errore)
Platemys Macquaria — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 438
Hydraspis victoriae GRAY 1842
Chelymys macquaria — GRAY 1857: 486
Chelymys victoriae — BAUR 1888: 419
Emydura macquarriae — BOULENGER 1889 (nomen subst. pro Hydraspis macquarrii)
Chelymys victoriae — BAUR 1889
Emydura macquarii — BONIN et al 2006

Emydura macquarii macquarii (GRAY 1830)
Emys macquaria CUVIER 1829 (fide GEORGES & THOMSON 2010)
Chelys (Hydraspis) macquarii GRAY 1830
Hydraspis macquarrii — GRAY 1831
Hydraspis australis GRAY 1841
Euchelymys sulcifera GRAY 1871
Chelymys australis — GRAY 1871: 366
Emydura australis — BOULENGER 1889
Emydura signata AHL 1932
Emydura macquarii macquarii — BLACKMORE 1969
Emydura canni WORRELL 1970 (nomen nudum)
Emydura macquarrii signata — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977
Emydura signata — COGGER 1983
Chelymys cooki WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985, nomen nudum
Chelymys johncanni WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985, nomen nudum
Emydura signata — ALDERTON 1988
Emydura australis — ERNST & BARBOUR 1989
Emydura signata — GEORGES 1996
Emydura macquarii binjing CANN 1998
Emydura macquarii dharra CANN 1998
Emydura macquarii gunnabarra CANN 1998
Emydura macquarii dharuk CANN 1998
Emydura australis — COGGER 2000: 740
Emydura macquarii — COGGER 2000: 197
Emydura macquarii signata — COGGER 2000
Emydura signata — GREER 2006
Emydura australis — BONIN et al 2006

Emydura macquarii krefftii (GRAY 1871)
Chelymys krefftii GRAY 1871: 366
Chelymys victoriae var. marmorata GRAY 1872
Chelymys victoriae var. sulcata GRAY 1872
Emydura krefftii — BOULENGER 1889
Emydura krefftii — COGGER 2000: 196
Emydura macquarii krefftii — BLACKMORE 1969
Emydura macquarii krefftii — MCCORD et al. 2003
Emydura krefftii — TREMBATH et al. 2004
Emydura krefftii — BONIN et al 2006
Emydura macquarii krefftii — HAMANN et al. 2008
Emydura macquarii krefftii — GEORGES & THOMSON 2010

Emydura macquarii emmotti MCCORD, CANN & JOSEPH-OUNI 2003
Chelymys windorah WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985 (nomen nudum)
Emydura macquarii emmotti CANN et al. 2003
Emydura emmotti — CANN et al, 2003
Emydura macquarii emmotti — GEORGES & THOMSON 2010

Emydura macquarii nigra CANN, MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2003
Tropicochelymys insularis WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985 (nomen nudum)
Emydura macquarii nigra MCCORD et al. 2003
Emydura nigra — JOSEPH-OUNI 2003
Emydura macquarii nigra — GEORGES & THOMSON 2010 
DistributionSE Australia (from SC Queensland southward to N Victoria and SE South Australia)

australis: W Australia (drainages of the Kimberley region, Northern Territory); Type locality: Macquarie River, New South Wales

binjing: Clarence River

dharra: Macleay and Hastings Rivers

emmotti: SW Queensland; type locality: Waterloo Station,
Shearing Shed Waterhole, south-western Queensland, Australia (24°13'S, 143°17'E).

gunnabarra: Hunter River

dharuk: Sydney Basin

kreffti: Australia (Queensland generally east of the Great Dividing Range from the Cape York Peninsula southward to N New South Wales); Type locality: Burnett River, Qld.

macquarii: Murray-Darling Basin; Type locality: “Australia”; subsequently corrected to Macquarie River, N. S. W., see Gray (1831).

nigra: Fraser Island and Lake Poona of Cooloola Peninsula. Type locality: Lake MacKenzie, Fraser Island, Queensland (25°27'S, 153°04'E).

signata: Australia (coastal drainages from the vicinity of Brisbane, Queensland, southward to northern New South Wales); Type locality: Brisbane district, Qld. Holotype: ZMB 34102 Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
 
Typesholotype: MNHP 9409
HOLOTYPE R59558 Maskey’s property, nr Newton Boyd, NSW [binjing]
HOLOTYPE R59553 upper Macleay River, nr intersection with Georges Creek, 30°54'S 152°10'E, NSW [dharra]
HOLOTYPE R143598 Nepean River, NSW [dharuk]
HOLOTYPE R143596 Hunter River 32°09'S 150°58'E, NSW [gunabarra]
holotype, BMNH 1947.3.6.1 [kreffti] 
CommentSynonymy: Cogger (1983) listed Chelymys victoriae as a synonym of Emydura kreffti. COGGER (1983) also synonymized E. australis with E. macquarri. According to some authors signata is a synonym of Elseya latisternum GRAY1867. Subspecies and distributions following COGGER 2000. Synonymy following GEORGES & THOMSON 2010.

Type Species: Emys macquaria CUVIER 1827 (1829 fide GEORGES & THOMSON 2010) = Chelys (Hydraspis) macquarii GRAY 1830 is the type species of the genus Emydura BONAPARTE 1836.

The new subspecies described by MCCORD et al. (2003) may have been named before by WELLS & WELLINGTON (1985) as Emydura windorah and Emydura insularis but MCCORD et al. (2003) consider these names as nomina nuda.
Map in MACCORD et al. (2003). Emydura macquarii signata AHL 1932 has been elevated to full species status.

Cogger (1983) listed Chelymys victoriae as a synonym of Emydura kreffti (here Chelymys victoriae is listed as a synonym of E. macquarii). GOODE (1967) synonymized Emydura subglobosa and Emydura albertisii with Emydura krefftii. MCCORD et al. (2003) consider E. kreffti as “allopatric populations” and therefore as subspecies of E. macquarii.

E. australis is mentioned by BURKE & KING 1989 and considered as synonymous to Emydura macquarrii by MCCORD et al. (2003). COGGER (1983) also synonymized E. australis with E. macquarri.

Diet (australis): The species eats a variety of plant and animal food. Plant food includes figs (Legler, 1976). Animal food includes molluscs (Legler, 1976).

Chromosomes (australis): The karyotype of this species consists of 50 chromosomes grading from large to small with all the large chromosomes being bi-armed (Bull and Legler, 1980).

Map in MCCORD et al. (2003)

Etymology (kreffti): Named after Gerhard Krefft (1830-1881), German-born naturalist who worked mostly in Australia. For biographical notes on Krefft see Williams et al. (2006)

Reproduction: oviparous. 
References
  • Ahl,E. 1932. Beschreibung einer neuen Schildkröte aus Australien. Sber. Ges. naturf. Freunde, Berlin 1932: 127-129
  • Artner, H. 1999. Nomenklatur aktuell - Emydura macquarii. Emys 6 (2): 26
  • Baur, G. 1888. Osteologische Notizen über Reptilien. Fortsetzung III, IV, V. Zool. Anz. 11: 417-424, 592-597, 736-740 - get paper here
  • Baur,G. 1889. On Meiolania and some points in the oseology of the Testudinata: a reply to Mr. G.A. Boulenger. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 4: 37-46 - get paper here
  • Blackmore, E.H. 1969. On the Australasian Chelidae (Chelonia). Victorian Naturalist, 86: 280–283
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Cann, J. 1972. Notes on some tortoises collected in Northern Australia. Vict. Nat. 89: 165-168
  • Cogger HG., Cameron EE & Cogger HM 1983. ZOOLOGICAL CATALOGUE OF AUSTRALIA, Volume 1: AMPHIBIA AND REPTILIA. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Cuvier,G. 1827. La Regne Animal, Vol. 2, 2nd. ed. Déterville, Paris, 406 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Gaffney, Eugene S. 1977. The side-necked turtle family Chelidae: a theory of relationships using shared derived characters American Museum Novitates (2620): 1-28 - get paper here
  • Georges, A. 1996. Electrophoretic delineation of species boundaries within the short-necked freshwater turtles of Australia (Testudines: Chelidae) Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (1996), 118: 241–260.
  • Georges, A. & Thomson, S. 2010. Diversity of Australasian freshwater turtles, with an annotated synonymy and keys to species. Zootaxa 2496: 1–37 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
  • Gray, J. E. 1871. Notes on Australian freshwater tortoises. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 8: 366 - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1841. A catalogue of the species of reptiles and Amphibia hitherto described as inhabiting Australia, with a description of some new species from Western Australia. Appendix E, pp. 422-449. In: G. Grey, Journals of Two Expeditions of Discovery in Northwest T. and W. Boone, London. Vol. 2.
  • Gray,J.E. 1857. Description of a new species of Chelodina from Australia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 19: 485-486 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1872. On the genus Chelymys and its allies from Australia. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1872: 504-514 - get paper here
  • HAMANN, M., SCHÄUBLE, C.S., EMERICK, S.P., LIMPUS, D.J. & LIMPUS, C.J. 2008. Freshwater turtle populations in the Burnett River. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 52 (2): 221-232 - get paper here
  • Lintermans, Mark 1997. First record of the Murray Turtle, Emydura macquarii (Gray) (Testudines: Chelidae) from the Australian Capital Territory Herpetofauna (Sydney) 27 (1): 38-40
  • Martinez, P. A., Ezaz, T., Valenzuela, N., Georges, A. and Marshall Graves, J.A. 2008. An XX/XY heteromorphic sex chromosome system in the Australian chelid turtle Emydura macquarii : A new piece in the puzzle of sex chromosome evolution in turtles. Chromosome Research 16: 815-825
  • McCord, W.P.; Cann, J. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2003. A taxonomic assessment of Emydura (Testudines: Chelidae) with descriptions of new subspecies from Queensland, Australia. Reptilia (GB) (27): 59-63 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P.; Joseph-Ouni, M. & Cann, J. 2003. Chelonian Illustrations #7. Short-neck, Western Swamp, and Pig-Nose Turtles from Australia and New Guinea. Reptilia (GB) (27): 64-68 - get paper here
  • Michael, D.R.; D.B. Lindenmayer; M. Crane; C. MacGregor; R. Montague-Drake; L. McBurney. 2011. Reptilia, Murray catchment, New South Wales, southeastern Australia. Check List 7 (1):25-29 - get paper here
  • Thomson, Robert C.; Andrew M. Shedlock, Scott V. Edwards and H. Bradley Shaffer 2008. Developing markers for multilocus phylogenetics in non-model organisms: A test case with turtles. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (2): 514-525 - get paper here
  • Trefz & Hiller 1992. Erfolgreiche Behandlung von Panzernekrosen bei der Rotbauch-Spitzkopfschildkröte, Emydura australis subglobosa. Herpetofauna 14 (81): 33-34 - get paper here
  • Trembath, D.; Freier, D. & Elliott, J. 2004. Sexual-size dimorphism in Emydura krefftii (Testudines: Chelidae) from Ross River, Townsville, Australia. Herpetological Review 35 (1): 31-34 - get paper here
  • Valenzuela, N. 2009. Co-Evolution of Genomic Structure and Selective Forces Underlying Sexual Development and Reproduction. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 232-241
  • Werning, H. 2003. Zwei neue Schildkröten aus Australien. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (42): 10-11 - get paper here
  • Williams, D.; Wüster, W. & Fry, B.G. 2006. The good, the bad and the ugly: Australian snake taxonomists and a history of the taxonomy of Australia’s venomous snakes. Toxicon 48: 919–930
  • Wilson,S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Winkler, J.D. 2006. Testing phylogenetic implications of eggshell characters in side-necked turtles (Testudines: Pleurodira). Zoology 109: 127-136
  • Worrell,E. 1970. Reptiles of Australia, 2nd ed. Angus & Robertson, Sydney: xv + 169 pp.
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator