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Emydura victoriae (GRAY, 1842)

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Higher TaxaChelidae, Chelodininae, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesNorthern Red-faced Turtle, Victoria Short-necked Turtle 
SynonymHydraspis victoriae GRAY 1842: 55
Emydura victoriae — WORRELL 1963
Emudura australis victoriae — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977
Tropicochelymys victoriae — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 9
Emydura victoriae — KING & BURKE 1989
Emydura victoriae — GEORGES 1996
Emydura victoriae — COGGER 2000: 199
Emydura victoriae — GEORGES & THOMSON 2010 
DistributionAustralia (North Territory, Queensland, West Australia)

Type locality: "Victoria River, North-west coast of New Holland" (Northern Territory, Australia) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1947.3.5.95 and 1947.3.5.96; Wells and Wellington (1985: 14) designated BMNH 1947.3.5.95 lectotype. 
CommentEmydura worrelli is considered by some authors as a synonym of E. victoriae, but treated here as a subspecies of E. subglobosa.

Distribution: Map in MACCORD et al. (2003)

Original description: “Hydraspis victoriae, Gray, Shell ovate, convex, blackish brown marbled with grey and rather rugose above, beneath convex, yellow olive, with slight, impressed, narrow, netted grooves: vertebral plates nearly square, as long as broad, the fourth 6-sided, elongate; the marginal plates rather narrow in front, broader and slightly bent upon the sides, dilated, rather produced, and leaving 2 or 3 notches the tail behind; the sternum narrow; rather convex, shelving on the sides, and with a broad rounded notch behind. The back is regularly convex: the front cavity is much contracted by two rather diverging septa, only leaving a space almost half the width of the outer opening; the sternum is only about one third the width of the lower surface in the middle, and rather tapering behind: the vertebral column is sharply keeled within, and the bones of the pelvis are very strong: the first and second marginal plates are rather broad, the third narrow, the fourth and rest broader; the middle of the fourth and eleventh is opposite the suture between the costal plate. Inhabits Victoria river, North-west coast of New Holland; Captain William Campbell, R,N.” (from GRAY 1842). 
References
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Georges, A. 1996. Electrophoretic delineation of species boundaries within the short-necked freshwater turtles of Australia (Testudines: Chelidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (1996), 118: 241–260.
  • Gray, J. E. 1842. Description of some new species of Reptiles, chiefly from the British Museum collection. Zoological Miscellany 2: 57-59. - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P.; Joseph-Ouni, M. & Cann, J. 2003. Chelonian Illustrations #7. Short-neck, Western Swamp, and Pig-Nose Turtles from Australia and New Guinea. Reptilia (GB) (27): 64-68 - get paper here
  • Wells, R. W. and Wellington, C. R. 1985. A classification of the Amphibia and Reptilia of Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology, Supplementary Series, (1):1-61. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Worrell, E. 1963. Reptiles of Australia. Angus & Robertson (Sydney), xv + 207 pp
 
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