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Enuliophis sclateri (BOULENGER, 1894)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Colombian Longtail Snake
G: Kolumbianische Langschwanznatter 
SynonymLeptocalamus sclateri BOULENGER 1894: 251
Enulius sclateri — COPE 1871
Enulius slateri — DUNN 1938: 417 (in error)
Enulius sclateri — TAYLOR 1954: 707
Enulius sclateri — SMITH et al. 1967
Enulius sclateri — VILLA et al. 1988
Enuliophis sclateri — McCRANIE & VILLA 1993
Enulius slateri — SAVAGE 2002
Enuliophis sclateri — KÖHLER et al. 2004
“Enuliophis” sclateri — MYERS & MCDOWELL 2014: 66
Enuliophis sclateri — WALLACH et al. 2014: 273
Enulius sclateri — BARRIO-AMORÓS et al. 2023 
DistributionNicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Honduras,
Colombia; elevation 0-1285 m.

Type locality: “S. America”  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.21.72 
CommentType species: Leptocalamus sclateri BOULENGER 1894 is the type species of the genus Enuliophis McCRANIE & VILLA 1993.

SIMILAR SPECIES: (I) Enulius flavitorques has a shovel-shaped snout (fig. 11.26). (2) Geophis with a light nuchal collar have keeled scales (fig. 11.5) over at least the last third of the body or the nuchal collar not involving all of the parietal shields. (3) Similarly colored species of Ninia (fig. 11.33c,d) have keeled scales (fig. 11.5). (4) Trimetopon with a light nuchal collar have a single prefrontal shield (Savage 2002: 589). 
EtymologyNamed after its collector, Philip Lutley Sclater, who donated the holotype to the BMNH.

The genus has been named after the Greek “hen” (= one), “oule” (= scar or mark), and “ophis” (= snake), referring to its resemblance to Enulius. 
  • Barquero-González, J.P., Stice, T.L., Gómez, G., & Monge-Nájera, J. 2020. Are tropical reptiles really declining? A six-year survey of snakes in a tropical coastal rainforest: role of prey and environment. Revista de Biología Tropical, 68(1): 336-343; doi:10.20944/preprints201908.0123.v1 - get paper here
  • Barrio-Amorós, Cesar Luis, Michelle Quiroz, Cristian Porras-Ramírez, Rene Villanueva-Maldonado, Alejandro Estrada-García, Abel Batista 2023. Amphibians and reptiles encountered during an expedition to Panama. Reptiles & Amphibians 30 (1): e18359 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Dunn,E.R. 1938. The snake genus Enulius Cope. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 89: 415-418 - get paper here
  • FUENTES MAGALLÓN, ROGEMIF; JESSE ASHCROFT, HELIO QUINTERO-ARRIETA, ARACELYS DE GRACIA, VICENTE GÁLVEZ & ABEL BATISTA. 2021. First record of fluorescence in Colombian Long-tailed Snakes, (Enuliophis sclateri) (Squamata: Dipsadidae), from Panama. Reptiles & Amphibians 28(3): 442–443. - get paper here
  • Fuentes, Rogemif; Aschcroft, Jesse; Erick Barría, Helio Quintero-Arrieta, Alexis Baules, Abel Batista, Eduardo Zambrano, Marcos Ponce 2023. Herpetological diversity in forests of Portobelo National Park, Colón Biological Corridor, Panama. Reptiles & Amphibians 30 (1): e18434 - get paper here
  • Furman, Sadie Jo, Furman, Jon, Obando, Lenin, Lester, Barbara and Freed, Paul 2017. Enuliophis sclateri (Colombian Long-tailed Snake) Behavior / habitat use. Herpetological Review 48 (1): 211-212 - get paper here
  • Hilje B, Chaves G, Klank J, Timmerman F, Feltham J, Gillingwater S, Piraino T, Rojas E 2020. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Tirimbina Biological Reserve: a baseline for conservation, research and environmental education in a lowland tropical wet forest in Costa Rica. Check List 16(6): 1633-1655 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Köhler, G.; Quintana, A.Z.; Buitrago, F. & Diethert H. 2004. New and noteworthy records of amphibians and reptiles from Nicaragua. Salamandra 40 (1): 15-24 - get paper here
  • Martínez-Fonseca JG, Holmes IA, Sunyer J, Westeen EP, Grundler MR, Cerda PA, Fernández-Mena MA, Loza-Molina JC, Monagan IV Jr., Nondorf D, Pandelis GG, Rabosky ARD 2023. A collection and analysis of amphibians and reptiles from Nicaragua with new country and departmental records. Check List 20(1): 58-125 - get paper here
  • Mason J. Ryan, Ian M. Latella, Beatriz Willink, Adrián García-Rodríguez, Casey A. Gilman 2015. Notes on the breeding habits and new distribution records of seven species of snakes from southwest Costa Rica. Herpetology Notes 8: 669-671 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie J R. Villa J. 1993. A new genus for the snake Enulius sclateri (Colubridae: Xenodontinae). Amphibia-Reptilia 14 (3): 261-267 - get paper here
  • McCranie, J.R. 2004. Enuliophis McCranie and Villa. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 799: 1-3 - get paper here
  • McCranie, J.R.; Townsend, J.H. & Wilson, L.D. 2003. Three snakes new to the herpetofauna of Honduras. Herpetological Review 34 (4): 391-392 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Myers, Charles W. and Samuel B. McDowell 2014. New Taxa and Cryptic Species of Neotropical Snakes (Xenodontinae), with Commentary on Hemipenes as Generic and Specific Characters. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 385 (1) : 1-112. - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Ray, Julie M. and Patty Ruback 2015. Updated checklists of snakes for the provinces of Panamá and Panamá Oeste, Republic of Panama. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (2): 168-188 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Solorzano, A. 2004. Serpientes de Costa Rica - Snakes of Costa Rica. Editorial INBio, Costa Rica, 792 pp.
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier & José́ Gabriel Martínez-Fonseca 2023. An updated country checklist to the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. REVISTA NICARAGÜENSE DE BIODIVERSIDAD (100): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1954. Further studies on the serpents of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 36: 673-800. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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