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Enyalioides altotambo TORRES-CARVAJAL, VENEGAS & DE QUEIROZ, 2015

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Higher TaxaHoplocercidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesEnglish: Alto Tambo woodlizard
Spanish: lagartija de palo de Alto Tambo 
SynonymEnyalioides altotambo TORRES-CARVAJAL, VENEGAS & DE QUEIROZ 2015
Enyalioides oshaughnessyi — TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. 2011: 23 (part) 
DistributionEcuador (Esmeraldas)

Type locality: Alto Tambo, 5 km on road to Placer, Bosque Integral Otokiki, 0.90600°N; -78.60600°W (DD), 620 m elevation, Provincia Esmeraldas, Ecuador  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: QCAZ 8073 (Fig. 1), an adult male, collected on 2 May 2010 by I.G. Tapia, D. Almeida- Reinoso, J.M. Guayasamin and L.A. Coloma. Paratype. ECUADOR: Provincia Esmeraldas: QCAZ 6671, adult female, Alto Tambo, Balthazar river, 0.90000°N; -78.61667°W, 645 m, collected on 5 November 2005 by F. Ayala-Varela and I.G. Tapia. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Enyalioides altotambo differs from other species of Enyalioides, except for E. oshaughnessyi, in having dorsal scales that are both smooth and homogeneous in size. It can be distinguished from E. oshaughnessyi (character states in parentheses) by the following characters: iris brown in both sexes (iris bright red in both sexes); scales on lateral edge of skull roof just posterior to superciliaries strongly projected (mod- erately projected); adults of both sexes with light green spots on dorsum (if present, spots turquoise or blue); adult males with a black medial patch on gular region not extending dorsally to form an antehumeral bar (black patch under gular fold extend- ing dorsally to form a short antehumeral bar); scales on flanks almost homogenous in size (flank scales heterogeneous in size, with a few enlarged, circular, keeled scales); pale postympanic stripe on lateral aspect of neck in both sexes (pale postympanic spot in both sexes), posterior surface of thighs without enlarged scales (scattered enlarged scales), tail length/total length 0.57–0.60 (0.59–0.62). 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is a noun in apposition and refers to Alto Tambo, Provincia Esmeraldas, Ecuador, a village on the Ibarra-San Lorenzo road where Enyalioides altotambo was discovered. 
  • Kwet, A. 2016. Liste der im Jahr 2015 neu beschriebenen Reptilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2016 (3): 56-67 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Venegas PJ, de Queiroz K 2015. Three new species of woodlizards (Hoplocercinae, Enyalioides) from northwestern South America. ZooKeys 494: 107-132. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.494.8903 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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