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Enyalioides microlepis (O’SHAUGHNESSY, 1881)

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Higher TaxaHoplocercidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: small-scaled woodlizard, Tiny-scale Dwarf Iguana
S: lagartijas de palo microescamadas 
SynonymEnyalius microlepis O’SHAUGHNESSY 1881: 238
Enyalioides microlepis — BOULENGER 1885: 115
Enyalioides microlepis — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 115
Enyalioides microlepis — WIENS & ETHERIDGE 2003
Enyalioides microlepis — TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. 2011 
DistributionEcuador (east of the Andes), S Colombia, N Peru

Type locality: Sarayacu, Ecuador (roughly 1° 30´31.94" S 77° 30´01.33 W)  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.9.5-6 (2) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: This species can be distinguished from other species of Enyalioides by the combination of the following characters: enlarged projecting scales on dorsum (except vertebrals), flanks, or limbs absent; dorsal scales in a transverse row between dorsolateral crests at midbody more than 40; and ventrals strongly keeled. Among other species of Enyalioides occuring east of the Andes, E. microlepis is similar morphologically to specimens of E. cofanorum that lack the projecting dorsal scales characteristic of that species. E. microlepis differs from those specimens of E. cofanorum (character states in parentheses) in lacking conspicuous dorsolateral crests between hind limbs (always conspicuous), and in having a maximum SVL of 127 mm in males (107 mm) and 116 mm in females (109 mm) [from TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. 2011]. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Metcalf, Matthew; Alexander Marsh, Emerson Torres, Devon Graham, Charles Gunnels 2020. Herpetofauna of the Santa Cruz Forest Preserve in the Peruvian Amazon Basin. Herpetology Notes 13: 753-767 - get paper here
  • O'shaughnessy,A.W.E. 1881. An account of the collection of lizards made by Mr. Buckley in Ecuador, and now in the British Museum, with descritions of the new species. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1881: 227-245 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, O.; Almenáriz, A.; Valencia, J.; Yúnez-Muñoz, M. & Reyes, J.P. 2008. A new species of Enyalioides (Iguanidae: Hoplocercinae) from southwestern Ecuador. Pap. Avulsos Zool. (São Paulo) 48 (20): 227-235 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar; Kevin de Queiroz & Richard Etheridge 2009. A new species of iguanid lizard (Hoplocercinae, Enyalioides) from southern Ecuador with a key to eastern Ecuadorian Enyalioides. ZooKeys 27: 59–71 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar; RICHARD ETHERIDGE & KEVIN DE QUEIROZ 2011. A systematic revision of Neotropical lizards in the clade Hoplocercinae (Squamata: Iguania). Zootaxa 2752: 1–44 - get paper here
  • Venegas PJ, Torres-Carvajal O, Duran V, de Queiroz K 2013. Two sympatric new species of woodlizards (Hoplocercinae, Enyalioides) from Cordillera Azul National Park in northeastern Peru. ZooKeys 277: 69–90. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.277.3594 - get paper here
  • Wiens, John J. and Richard E. Etheridge 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of Hoplocercid lizards: coding and combining meristic, morphometric, and polymorphic data using step matrices. Herpetologica 59 (3): 375-398 - get paper here
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