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Enyalius bilineatus (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1837)

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Higher TaxaLeiosauridae (Enyaliinae), Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Two-lined Fathead Anole
Portuguese: Camaleãozinho, Camaleãozinho-do-Cerrado, Camaleãozinho-de-Duas-Listras, Papa-Vento 
SynonymEnyalus [sic] bilineatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 234
Hypsibatus (Dryophilus) bilineatus — FITZINGER 1843
Enyalius bilineatus — ETHERIDGE 1969: 237
Enyalius bilineatus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 118
Enyalius bilineatus — FROST et al. 2001
Enyalius bilineatus — RODRIGUES et al. 2014
Enyalius bilineatus — CARVALHO et al. 2023“ 
DistributionBrazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Distrito Federal, Rio de Janeiro, Bahia)

Type locality: ‘‘Brésil’’ [= Brazil]  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 6817 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: JACKSON 1978: 22. 
CommentSynonymy: BOULENGER 1885 listed Enyalius bilineatus as a synonym of Enyalius fitzingeri (the opposite in JACKSON 1978) which is now considered as a synonym of Anisolepis grilli. Synonymy after JACKSON 1978.

Distribution: See map in Breitman et al. 2019: 357 (Fig. 1). 
  • Barreto-Lima, André Felipe and Luciano Alves dos Anjos. 2014. Occurrence of Strongyluris oscari (Nematoda; Heterakidae) in Enyalius bilineatus (Squamata: Leiosaurinae) from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Herpetology Notes 7: 455-456 - get paper here
  • Bertolotto, C.E.V.; K.C.M. Pellegrino and Y. Yonenaga-Yassuda 2004. Occurrence of B chromosomes in lizards: a review. Cytogenet Genome Res 106: 243–246 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Breitman, M. Florencia; Fabricius M.C.B. Domingos, Justin C. Bagley, Helga C. Wiederhecker, Tayná B. Ferrari, Vitor H.G.L. Cavalcante, André C. Pereira, Tarcísio L.S. Abreu, Anderson Kennedy Soares De-Lima, Carlos J.S. Morais, Ana C.H. del Prette, Iz 2018. A New Species of Enyalius (Squamata, Leiosauridae) Endemic to the Brazilian Cerrado. Herpetologica 74 (4): 355-369. - get paper here
  • Caldeira Costa, H.; Dias Fernandes, V.; Castro Rodrigues, A. & Neves Feio, R. 2009. Lizards and Amphisbaenians, municipality of Viçosa, state of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil. Check List 5 (3): 732–745 - get paper here
  • Campos Nogueira, C. de 2001. New records of Squamate Reptiles in Central Brazilian Cerrado II: Brasília Region. Herpetological Review 32 (4): 285-287 - get paper here
  • Costa, Henrique C. 2022. Clarifying the type locality of Liotyphlops wilderi (Garman, 1883)(Serpentes, Anomalepididae), with comments on other reptiles from São Cyriaco, Minas Gerais. Zoosystematics and Evolution 98 (1): 129-136
  • Dantas Sales, Raul Fernandes; Leonardo Barros Ribeiro, Eliza Maria Xavier Freire 2015. New record and update on the geographic distribution of Enyalius bilineatus Duméril & Bibron, 1837 in Brazil. Check List 11 (6): 1785 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Etheridge, R. 1969. A review of the Iguanid lizard genus Enyalius. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology 18 (8): 233-260 - get paper here
  • Frost, Darrel R.; Richard Etheridge; Daniel Janies and Tom A. Titus 2001. Total evidence, sequence alignment, evolution of polychrotid lizards, and a reclassification of the Iguania (Squamata, Iguania). American Museum Novitates 3343: 1-22 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Jackson J F 1978. Differentiation in the genera Enyalius and Strobilurus (Iguanidae): implications for Pleistocene climatic changes in eastern Brazil. Arquivos de Zoologia 30(1) 1978: 1-79
  • Linares, Antônio Meira and Paula Cabral Eterovick 2013. Herpetofaunal Surveys Support Successful Reconciliation Ecology in Secondary and Human-Modified Habitats at the Inhotim Institute, Southeastern Brazil. Herpetologica 69 (2): 237-256. - get paper here
  • Lucas, Priscila; Fernando Frieiro-Costa, Fabiano Vieira, Bernadete Sousa, Samuel Gomides, Iara Alves Novelli 2018. Diet of Enyalius bilineatus (Duméril & Bibron, 1837) (Squamata: Leiosauridae) in a Cerrado remnant in southeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 791-797 - get paper here
  • Novelli, Iara Alves, Bernadete Maria De Sousa, Pilar Cozendey and Fernando Antônio Frieiro-Costa. 2015. Enyalius bilineatus (two-lined fathead anole) courtship behavior. Herpetological Review 46 (1): 91-92 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, Jane C.F.; Rodrigo Castellari Gonzalez; Paulo Passos; Davor Vrcibradic & Carlos Frederico Duarte Rocha 2020. Non-Avian Reptiles of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: status of knowledge and commented list. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 60: e20206024 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut; Carolina Elena Viña Bertolotto, Renata Cecília Amaro, Yatiyo Yonenaga-Yassuda, Eliza Maria Xavier Freire, Katia Cristina Machado Pellegrino 2014. Molecular phylogeny, species limits, and biogeography of the Brazilian endemic lizard genus Enyalius (Squamata: Leiosauridae): An example of the historical relationship between Atlantic Forests and Amazonia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 81: 137-146, DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.07.019 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut; Marco Antonio de Freitas, Thais Figueiredo Santos Silva, and Carolina Elena Viña Bertolotto 2006. A new species of lizard genus Enyalius (Squamata, Leiosauridae) from the highlands of Chapada Diamantina, State of Bahia, Brazil, with a key to species. Phyllomedusa 5 (1): 11-24 - get paper here
  • Silva, M A; Hudson, A A & Sousa, B M; 2018. Enyalius bilineatus (Two-lined Fat-headed Anole) Defensive behavior. Herpetological Review 49 (4): 742 - get paper here
  • Silva-Lucas, Priscila; Iara Alves Novelli, Bernadete Maria de Sousa 2016. Assemblage of squamate reptiles in a natural remnant of Cerrado in southern Minas Gerais, Brazil. Check List 12 (2): 1-9 - get paper here
  • SOUSA, B.M., NASCIMENTO, A.E.R., GOMIDES, S.C., VARELA RIOS, C.H., HUDSON, A.H. & NOVELLI, I.A. 2010. Reptiles in fragments of Cerrado and Atlantic Forest at the Campo das Vertentes, Minas Gerais State, Southeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica 10 (2): 129-138 - get paper here
  • Teixeira, R.L., K. Roldi & D. Vrcibradic 2005. Ecological Comparisons between the Sympatric Lizards Enyalius bilineatus and Enyalius brasiliensis (Iguanidae, Leiosaurinae) from an Atlantic Rain-Forest Area in Southeastern brazil Journal of Herpetology 39 (3): 504-509. - get paper here
  • Uchôa LR, Delfim FR, Mesquita DO, Colli GR, Garda AA, Guedes TB 2022. Lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Caatinga, northeastern Brazil: Detailed and updated overview. Vertebrate Zoology 72: 599-659 - get paper here
  • Vargas, Sarah M.; Marcelo de Oliveira Santos, Iara Alves Novelli, Celso Henrique Varela-Rios, Lúcio Moreira Campos Lima, Priscila da Silva Lucas, Pilar Cozendey, Raquel Morais Paiva, Samuel Campos Gomides, Sara Malaguti, and Bernadete Maria de Sousa 2015. Genetic diversity and structure of two species of Enyalius (Squamata: Leiosauridae) from neotropical biodiversity hotspots. Phyllomedusa 14 (2): 99-111 - get paper here
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