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Epacrophis reticulatus (BOULENGER, 1906)

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Leptotyphlopinae, Epacrophini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Reticulate Blind Snake 
SynonymGlauconia reticulata BOULENGER 1906: 441
Leptotyphlops reticulata — PARKER 1949: 19
Leptotyphlops reticulatus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 40
Leptotyphlops reticulatus — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007: 17
Epacrophis reticulatus — ADALSTEINSSON, BRANCH, TRAPE, VITT & HEDGES 2009
Epacrophis reticulatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 275 
DistributionNW Somalia (highlands, elevation 900-1250 m).

Type locality: Wagga, Goolis Mountains, near Berbera, altitute 3000 - 4000 ft., Somalia.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.16.53. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: This species is distinguished from Leptotyphlops boulengeri by its high middorsal and subcaudal counts and from L. drewesi by its broad rostral shield and reticulate colour pattern. Skull robust, with fused parietal bones. (Broadley & Wallach 2007) 
CommentType species: Glauconia reticulata BOULENGER 190 is the type species of the genus Epacrophis Hedges, Adalsteinsson, & Branch 2009. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin rete = network or net, presumably for the color pattern.

The generic name is masculine and derived from the Greek adjective epakros (pointed at the end) and Greek noun ophis (snake), in allusion to the distinctive thorny spine at the tip of the tail in species of this genus. 
  • Adalsteinsson, S.A.; Branch, W.R.; Trapé, S.; Vitt, L.J. & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1906. Description of a new snake of the genus Glauconia from Somaliland. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 18: 441. - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2007. A revision of the genus Leptotyphlops in northeastern Africa and southwestern Arabia (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 1408: 1–78 - get paper here
  • Hahn D. E. & V. WALLACH, 1998. Comments on the systematics of Old World Leptotyphlops (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae), with description of a new species. Hamadryad 23: 50-62 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988] - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Parker,H.W. 1949. The snakes of Somaliland and the Sokotra islands. Zoologische Verhandelingen 6: 1-115 - get paper here
  • Spawls, Stephen; Tomáš Mazuch& Abubakr Mohammad 2023. Handbook of Amphibians and Reptiles of North-east Africa. Bloomsbury, 640 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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