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Epicrates assisi MACHADO, 1945

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Boinae), Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesG: Gestreifte Regenbogenboa 
SynonymEpicrates cenchria assisi MACHADO 1945: 61
Epicrates cenchria xerophilus AMARAL 1954: 237
Epicrates cenchria assisi — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 108
Epicrates cenchria assisi — RODRIGUES 2003
Epicrates assisi — PASSOS & FERNANDES 2008
Epicrates assisi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 272 
DistributionBrazil (Piauí, S Bahia, N Minas Gerais, Sergipe, S Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte)

Type locality: Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: IVB (Instituto Vital Brazil), adult male, not numbered, collected by Arlindo de Assis. The type specimen is presumed to be lost (A. Melgarejo, cited in PASSOS & FERNANDES 2008).
Holotype: IBSP 9252 [xerophilus] 
CommentSynonymy mostly after PASSOS & FERNANDES 2008.

Diagnosis.—Distinguished from all continental Epicrates by having sub-cylindrical, hemipenial lobes long (about three times longer than wide), with reduced papillate rows. Additionally, differ from E. cenchria, E. maurus, and E. alvarezi by having dorsal ground color pale to dark brown in juveniles and adults; from E. crassus and E. maurus, by having ventrals generally . 245; from E. maurus, by having inverted hemipenis , 12 subcaudal scales long. Refer to Tables 6 and 7 for additional diagnostic features of the continental Epicrates. 
References
  • Amaral, A.do 1954. Contribuicao ao conhecimento dos ofidios neotropicos. XXXVII. Sub-especies de Epicrates cenchria (Lineu, 1758). Instit. Butantan, Sao Paulo, Mem. 26: 227-247. - get paper here
  • Freire, E.M.X., G.O. Skuk, M.F. Kolodiuk, L.B. Ribeiro, B.S. Maggi, L.S. Rodrigues, W.L.S. Vieira and A.C.G.P. Falcão. 2009. Répteis Squamata das Caatingas do Seridó do Rio Grande do Norte e do Cariri da Paraíba: síntese do conhecimento atual e perspectivas; pp. 51–84, in: E.M.X. Freire (eds.). Recursos naturais das Caatingas: uma visão multidisciplinar. Natal: Editora da UFRN
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Guarino R. Colli, Omar Machado Entiauspe-Neto, Luiz Trinchão, Daniel Araújo, Tiago de Oliveira Lima, Daniella Pereira Fagundes de França, Renato Gaiga, Pedro Dias 2016. Snakes of Cerrado localities in western Bahia, Brazil. Check List 12 (3): 1896 - get paper here
  • Garda, A.A.; T.B. Costa; C.R. Santos-Silva; D.O. Mesquita; R.G. Faria; B.M. Conceição; I.R.S. Silva; A.S. Ferreira; S.M. Rocha; C.N.S. Palmeira; R. Rodrigues; S.F. Ferrari; S. Torquato. 2013. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga I: Raso da Catarina Ecological Station (Bahia, Brazil). Check List 9 (2):405-414 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B.; D.P. Coelho; A.B. D’Angiolella; E.J.R. Dias; R.M. Lira-da-Silva. 2013. The Reptile Collection of the Museu de Zoologia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Brazil. Check List 9 (2):257-262 - get paper here
  • Machado, O. 1945. Observacão es sobre ofdios do Brasil. Bol. Inst. Vital Brazil 5: 47–66
  • Medeiros-Magalhães, Felipe de; Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Taís Borges Costa, Flora Acuña Juncá, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, David Lucas Röhr, Willianilson Pessoa da Silva, Gustavo Henrique Calazans Vieira, Adrian Antonio Garda 2015. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga IV: Chapada Diamantina National Park, Bahia, Brazil Herpetology Notes 8: 243-261 - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; A.M.X. Lima; D.C.P. Staut; R.G. Faria; J.P. Souza-Alves; S.F. Gouveia; M.R.C. Scupino; R. Gomes; M.J. Silva. 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Refúgio de Vida Silvestre Mata do Junco, municipality of Capela, state of Sergipe, northeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 756-762 - get paper here
  • Passos, Paulo and Ronaldo Fernandes 2008. Revision of the Epicrates cenchria Complex (Serpentes: Boidae). Herpetological Monographs 22 (1): 1-30 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Part II Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Rivera, P.C., Cola, V.D., Martı ́nez, J.J., Gardenal, C.N. and Chiaraviglio, M. 2011. Species Delimitation in the Continental Forms of the Genus Epicrates (Serpentes, Boidae) Integrating Phylogenetics and Environmental Niche Models. PLoS ONE 6(9): e22199. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0022199 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Viana PF, Ribeiro LB, Souza GM, Chalkidis HdM, Gross MC, Feldberg E 2016. Is the Karyotype of Neotropical Boid Snakes Really Conserved? Cytotaxonomy, Chromosomal Rearrangements and Karyotype Organization in the Boidae Family. PLoS ONE 11(8): e0160274.doi:10.1371/journal. pone.0160274 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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