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Epicrates cenchria (LINNAEUS, 1758)

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Boinae), Henophidia, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Rainbow Boa
G: Rote Regenbogenboa 
SynonymBoa Cenchria LINNAEUS 1758: 215
Coluber tamachia SCOPOLI 1788: 28
Boa cenchris GMELIN 1788: 1083
Boa aboma DAUDIN 1803: 132 (nom. subst. pro Boa cenchria LINNAEUS)
Boa ternatea DAUDIN 1803: 153
Boa annulifer DAUDIN 1803: 202
Epicrates cenchria — WAGLER 1830: 168
Epicrates cenchris — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 555
Epicrates cenchris — JAN 1864
Epicrates cenchria — GARMAN 1887: 278
Epicrates cenchris — BOULENGER 1893: 93
Epicrates cenchria gaigei STULL 1938
Epicrates cenchria hygrophilus AMARAL 1954
Epicrates cenchria cenchria — DUELLMAN 1978: 226
Epicrates cenchia — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980 (in error)
Epicrates cenchria gaigei — KLUGE 1984: 55
Epicrates cenchris — STARACE 1998: 102
Epicrates cenchria — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 194
Epicrates cenchria — SAVAGE 2002
Epicrates cenchria gaigeae — MICHELS & BAUER 2004
Epicrates cenchria gaigei — WHITHWORTH & BEIRNE 2011
Epicrates cenchria cenchria — HENNIG 2012
Epicrates cenchria — WALLACH et al. 2014: 272 
DistributionFrench Guiana, Suriname,
Colombia, Venezuela (Mérida [HR 27: 212]), Peru, Brazil (Amapá, Amazonas, Bahia, Acre, etc.), Bolivia [HR 29: 249], Argentina (Córdoba, San Luis, La Rioja, Corrientes, Formosa, Chaco, Salta)

Type locality: “Surinami”

gaigei: Ecuador; Type locality: Bolivia, Santa Cruz. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: NRS Lin. 6
Holotype: UMMZ [gaigei]
Holotype: IBSP 8445 [hygrophilus] 
CommentSynonymy mostly after PASSOS & FERNANDES 2008.

Taxonomy: Epicrates cenchria maurus (GRAY 1849) and E. c. crassus, E. c. assisi have been elevated to full species status.

Epicrates cenchria turned out to be more closely related to anacondas (Eunectes) than Caribbean Epicrates (striatus) according to molecular data from Noonan & Chippindale (2006).

Reproduction: viviparous

Distribution: Not in Costa Rica fide SAVAGE & BOLANOS (2009), nor in Panama. The species in Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad, and Tobago is actually E. maurus. Not in Paraguay after species has been split (Paul Smith, pers. comm., 27 Apr 2014).

Diagnosis.—Distinguished from all conti- nental species of Epicrates by having: (1) non- collapsed lateral ocelli, (2) dorsal ground color pale to yellow reddish, (3) SVL . 1500 mm, (4) lateral process of surangular much ex- panded latero-posteriorly. Additionally, E. cenchria differ from E. crassus, E. maurus, and E. assisi by having alary process of vomer laterally expanded; from E. crassus and E. maurus, by having ventral scales . 245; from E. crassus by having subcaudal scales gener- ally . 45; from E. alvarezi by having inverted hemipenis bifurcates at fifth and extends to the level of tenth subcaudal. Refer to Ta- bles 6–7 for additional diagnostic features of the continental Epicrates.

Habitat: in rainforest, at least in Suriname.

Type species: Boa Cenchria LINNAEUS 1758: 215 is the type species of the genus Epicrates WAGLER 1830. 
References
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