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Epictia clinorostris ARREDONDO & ZAHER, 2010

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Epictinae, Epictini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesPortuguese: Cobra-Cega 
SynonymEpictia clinorostris ARREDONDO & ZAHER 2010
Epictia clinorostris — WALLACH et al. 2014: 276
Epictia clinorostris — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionC Brazil (SE Mato Grosso, W Goiás)

Type locality: Toricoejo locality, bank of Rio das Mortes, (15°14’21.6” S – 53°14’36.6” W), municipality of Barra do Garças, state of Mato Grosso, Brazil  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 17480. Adult female, collected by A. p. soares on 5 september 2007. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: (1) snout laterally compressed in dorsal view; (2) snout sloped in lateral view; (3) dorsal ter- mination of rostral scale rounded; (4) two supralabi- al scales; (5) five infralabial scales; (6) supraocular scales present; (7) supraocular scale not in contact with anterior supralabial scale; (8) frontal and post- frontal scales sub-equal in size; (9) mid-dorsal scales 241-254; (10) subcaudal scales 12-16; (11) scales around the middle of tail 10; (12) total length/mid- body diameter ratio 54.2-59.6; (13) total length/tail length ratio 17.2-18.7; (14) dorsal coloration with seven dark longitudinal lines on a light brown back- ground; (15) ventral pattern reticulated; (16) maxi- mum total length 206 mm; (17) white dot present on tips of head and tail [from ARREDONDO & ZAHER 2010]. 
CommentSimilar species: E. tenella 
Etymologythe specific name is a combination of the Greek word “clino-” (= slope) and the Latin word “rostrum” (= snout), referring to the sloped snout in lateral view characteristic of the species. 
  • Arredondo, Juan Camilo and Hussam Zaher 2010. A New Species of Epictia (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae) from Central Brazil. South American J. Herp. 5 (3): 189–198 - get paper here
  • FRANCISCO, BÁRBARA CRISTINA S.; ROBERTA R. PINTO & DANIEL S. FERNANDES 2012. Taxonomy of Epictia munoai (Orejas-Miranda, 1961) (Squamata: Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 3512: 42–52 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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