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Epictia rufidorsa (TAYLOR, 1940)

IUCN Red List - Epictia rufidorsa - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Epictinae, Epictini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Rose Blind Snake 
SynonymLeptotyphlops rufidorsum TAYLOR 1940: 533
Leptotyphlops rufidorsus — SCHMIDT & WALKER 1943: 302
Leptotyphlops rufidorsus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 41
Epictia rufidorsa — WALLACH et al. 2014: 278 

Type locality: Lima,Peru.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 49993. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A large (265 mm.) species lacking white or yellow spots on snout and tip of tail, and lacking lineated dorsal markings. Supraocular very large, in contact with (or narrowly separated from) first labial. Two labials. Total dorsal scales, 268; 14 scale rows. Tail in body length, 22 times; body width in length about
61 times (Taylor 1940: 533).

Description: A medium-sized Leptotyphlops, without cephalic or caudal spots, with a median dorsal brownish band covering three scale rows and the adjacent half scale rows; dorsal scales about 260.
A single specimen, No. 34305, from Chiclin, Libertad, has dorsal scales 256, caudals 16, scales around body 14, around mid-tail 10; length 241, tail 12; diameter of body contained in total length about 40 times. Supraocular and labial separating rostral from ocular on both sides. Coloration in close agreement with Taylor's description (Schmidt & Walker 1943). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “rufus” = red and “dorsum” = back. 
  • Adalsteinsson, S.A.; Branch, W.R.; Trapé, S.; Vitt, L.J. & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela. Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. & WALKER Jr. ,W.F. 1943. Snakes of the Peruvian coastal region. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. nat. Hist., Chicago, 24: 297-327 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1940. Herpetological miscellany, no. I. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 26 [1939] (15): 489-571 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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