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Epictia unicolor (WERNER, 1913)

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Epictinae, Epictini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymPlauconia unicolor WERNER 1913: 21 (in error)
Glauconia unicolor WERNER 1917: 199 (correction)
Leptotyphlops unicolor — HALLERMANN 2006: 142
Leptotyphlops unicolor — BOUNDY & WALLACH 2008
Epictia unicolor — WALLACH et al. 2014 

Type locality: “wahrscheinlich von Brasilien”  
TypesHolotype: ZMH R08401 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Differs from all other species of Leptotyphlops in possessing the following combination of characters: 1) suboculars present. 2) a uniform dorsal pattern, vaguely lineate on lower sides, 3) fewer than 250 transverse scale rows, and 4) a tail that is less than 15% of the total length. 
CommentAbundance: only known from the type specimen (Koch et al. 2016).

Distribution: the presumed location is based on the fact that the collector, Aug. Brückmann, collected other specimens in Brazil: “wahrscheinlich von Brasilien” = probably from Brazil. 
  • Boundy, J. & Wallach, V. 2008. The identity of the leptotyphlopid snake Glauconia unicolor, Werner, 1913 (Squamata: Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institute 105: 53-56
  • Hallermann, J. 2006. Additions to the catalogue of the type specimens of the herpetological collection in the Zoological Museum of the University of Hamburg. Mitt. hamb. zool. Mus. Inst. 103: 137-147
  • Koch, C., Martins, A., Joshi, M., Pinto, R. R., & Passos, P. 2021. Osteology of the enigmatic threadsnake species Epictia unicolor and Trilepida guayaquilensis (Serpentes, Leptotyphlopidae) with generic insights. The Anatomical Record 304(10): 2183-2197. - get paper here
  • KOCH, CLAUDIA; ROY SANTA CRUZ, & HEIDY CÁRDENAS 2016. Two new endemic species of Epictia Gray, 1845 (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae) from Northern Peru. Zootaxa 4150 (2): 101–122 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1913. Neue oder seltene Reptilien und Frösche des Naturhistorischen Museums in Hamburg. Reptilien der Ostafrika-Expedition der Hamburger Geographischen Gesellschaft 1911/12. Leiter: Dr. E. Obst. Reptilien und Amphibien von Formosa. Jb. Hamb. wiss. Anst., 30 [1912], 2. Beiheft: 1-39, 40-45, 45-51 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1917. Versuch einer Synopsis der Schlangenfamlie der Glauconiden. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Hamburg 34: 191-208 - get paper here
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