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Eremias acutirostris (BOULENGER, 1887)

IUCN Red List - Eremias acutirostris - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Point-snouted Racerunner 
SynonymScapteira acutirostris BOULENGER 1887: 114
Scaptira [sic] aporosceles ALCOCK & FINN 1897: 559
Macmahonia aporosceles — BOULENGER 1921
Eremias (Scapteira) acutirostris — LANTZ 1928: 41
Eremias aporosceles — SMITH 1935: 388
Eremias acutirostris — SMITH 1935: 387
Eremias aporosceles — LEVITON 1959: 461
Scapteira aporosceles — DAS 1996: 49
Scapteira acutirostris — DAS 1996: 49
Eremias acutirostris — ANDERSON 1999
Eremias aporosceles — KHAN 2003
Eremias acutirostris — BAIG & MASROOR 2006
Eremias acutirostris — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Eremias (Scapteira) acutirostris — MASROOR et al. 2020 
DistributionS Afghanistan, NW Pakistan, SE Iran

Pakistan, Afghanistan (LEVITON 1959: 461); Type locality: near Nushki, N. Baluchistan;  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.7.46, ZSI 14132, 14134, 14137, 14139– 42, 14144–45, 14147–51, 14153, FMNH 729 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Subocular not bordering mouth (Fig. 92); fourth toe with distinct fringe on both lateral and medial sides; ungual lamellae offingers and toes with prominent, flat, lateral expansions; scales of flanks not larger than those ofback; series of broad plates on lower surface of tibia more than twice as broad as adjacent scales (Anderson 1999: 211). 
CommentNot listed in BISCHOFF, Lizards of the World: Lacertidae. Not in the Zoological Record of 1896.

Synonymy: S. aporosceles is a synonym of Eremias acutirostris (fide SHCHERBAK 1974) but valid fide Anderson (1999) and Das (1992). Khan et al. 2020 confirmed the synonymy based on DNA sequence data (but appreciate that there are morphological differences).

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “acuere” = sharp, or “acutus” = sharpened, pointed, or “acumen” = tip, or “acus” = needle; “rostrum” = beak, proboscis, or trunk. 
  • Alcock, A. W. & FINN,F. 1897. An account of the Reptilia collected by Dr. F.P. Maynard, Captain A.H. McMahon, C.I.E., and the members of the Afghan-Baluch Boundary Comission of 1896. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 65: 550-566 [1896] - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Baig, Khalid Javed and Rafaqat Masroor 2006. A New Species of Eremias (Sauria: Lacertidae) from Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. Russ. J. Herpetol. 13 (3): 167-174
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1921. Monograph of the Lacertidae, vol. 2. British Museum (London), 451 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Das,I. 1996. Biogeography of the Reptiles of South Asia. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida
  • Guo, Xianguang; Xin Daib, Dali Chen, Theodore J. Papenfuss, Natalia B. Ananjeva, Daniel A. Melnikov, Yuezhao Wang 2011. Phylogeny and divergence times of some racerunner lizards (Lacertidae: Eremias) inferred from mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene segments. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 400–412 - get paper here
  • Hosseinian Yousefkhani, Seyyed Saeed; Hamzeh Oraie, Azar Khosravani, Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani 2013. Habitat associations and conservation of Eremias acutirostris (Boulenger, 1887) in the Sistan region, Zabol, Iran. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 6 (2): 31-34 - get paper here
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • Khan, M. A., Jablonski, D., Nadeem, M. S., Masroor, R., Kehlmaier, C., Spitzweg, C., & Fritz, U. 2020. Molecular phylogeny of Eremias spp. from Pakistan contributes to a better understanding of the diversity of racerunners. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 59 (2): 466-483 - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2003. CHECKLIST AND KEY TO THE LIZARDS OF PAKISTAN. Pakistan J. Zool. Suppl. Ser. (1): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Lantz,L.A. 1928. Les Eremias de l’Asia Occidentale. Bull. Mus. Géorgie vols. 4/5: 136 pp. - get paper here
  • Leviton, A.E. 1959. Systematics and Zoogeography of Philippine Snakes. Unpublished PhD Thesis.
  • Leviton, Alan E. 1959. Report on a collection of reptiles from Afghanistan. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (12): 445-463 - get paper here
  • MASROOR, RAFAQAT; MUHAMMAD KHISROON, MUAZZAM ALI KHAN & DANIEL JABLONSKI 2020. A new species of Eremias (Squamata: Lacertidae) from the arid mountains of Pakistan. Zootaxa 4786 (1): 101–121 - get paper here
  • ORLOVA, VALENTINA F.; ESKANDAR RASEGAR-POUYANI, KHOSROW RAJABIZADEH, HOSSEIN NABIZADEH, NIKOLAY A. POYARKOV, DANIEL A. MELNIKOV, ROMAN A. NAZAROV 2023. Taxonomic diversity of racerunners with descriptions of two new Eremias species (Sauria: Lacertidae) from Central Iran. Zootaxa 5369 (3): 336–368 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Shcherbak, N. [= Szczerbak] 1974. Yashchurki palearktiki [Palearctic Desert Lizards]. Kiev, Naukova dumka, 296 pp.
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
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