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Eremias fasciata BLANFORD, 1874

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Sistan racerunner 
SynonymEremias fasciata BLANFORD 1874: 32
Eremias (Rhabderemias) fasciata — LANTZ 1928: 90
Eremias fasciata — SMITH 1935: 386
Emerias fasciata — LEVITON 1959: 452, 461 (in error)
Eremias (Rhabderemias) fasciata — BISCHOFF 1978
Rhabderemias fasciata — DAS 1996: 49
Eremias fasciata — ANDERSON 1999
Eremias fasciata — BAIG & MASROOR 2006
Eremias fasciata — ŠMÍD et al. 2014 
DistributionE Iran, SW Afghanistan, W Pakistan

Type locality: “Karman” = Kerman, Iran.  
TypesLectotype: ZMB 9329 (designated by SZCZERBAK 1974) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Three nasals, lower in contact with 2 or 3 anterior supralabials (Fig. 95); fourth toe with 2 complete rows of subdigital scales, 28-30 in a row, and complete row of sharply pointed lateral scales, i.e., total of 4 scales counted around penultimate phalanx; 21-30 gular scales in straight median series; 2 series of femoral pores separated by space not greater than one-fourth length of each (Anderson 1999: 214).

Color pattern: (Fig. 96) Dorsum with alternating light and dark lines, the dark lines varying from pale tan to chocolate brown, light lines creamy white to buff; adult with 5-8 dark stripes, no light spots within dark stripes; head uniform brown (Anderson 1999: 214).

“Blanford made no mention of a blue tail in life. His description is a composite of 12 specimens. He described the pattern as 6-8 dark brown stripes, each pair uniting or terminating on anterior portion of tail, or occasionally in middle of back. His plate (1876, pI. 25) shows a vertebral stripe (or a pair?) terminating in middle ofback. He stated that specimens from Narmashir and Baluchistan are paler. Boulenger's description indicates more variation, but in addition to the types, he includes specimens from Helmand, the Perso-Baluch frontier, and Kheran. His description of color pattern indicates 9 dark stripes as wide as interspaces, or 11 on nape, 10 on middle of body, 7 on posterior part of body; tail bluish toward the end. I count 7-9 dark stripes in Blanford's specimens in the British Museum, including the faint lateral stripes. CAS 141215 and 141218 from Khorasan and CAS 141100 from Sistan appear to be E. fasciata, but differ from CAS 141067 in having 8- 9 stripes on back and in having yellow, rather than blue tails in life” (Anderson 1999: 214, Fig. 96).
CommentDistribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Anooshe, K., Sohrab, A., Masoud, Y., Eskandar, R. P., Mahdi, R., Faraham, A., ... & Loïc, P. 2020. Reptile species richness associated to ecological and historical variables in Iran. Scientific Reports (Nature Publisher Group), 10(1) - get paper here
  • Baig, Khalid Javed and Rafaqat Masroor 2006. A New Species of Eremias (Sauria: Lacertidae) from Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. Russ. J. Herpetol. 13 (3): 167-174
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Günther, Rainer 1995. An annotated type catalogue of the lacertids (Reptilia: Lacertidae) in the Zoological Museum, Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 71 (1): 37-62 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 1978. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Echsen des Kaukasus. Salamandra 14 (4): 178-202 - get paper here
  • Blanford, W.T. 1874. Descriptions of new Reptilia and Amphibia from Persia and Baluchistan. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 14: 31-35 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Damadi, Ehsan; Rasoul Karamiani; Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani; Ali Gholamifard 2017. A checklist of lizards from southeastern part of the Sistan and Baluchestan Province in southeastern Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics, DOI: 10.22067/ijab.v13i1.50398 - get paper here
  • Ebrahimipour, Farnaz; Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani, Batoul Ghorbani 2016. A Preliminary Study of the Reptile’s Fauna in Northwestern Yazd Province, Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (4): 243-248 - get paper here
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • Khan, M.S. 2003. CHECKLIST AND KEY TO THE LIZARDS OF PAKISTAN. Pakistan J. Zool. Suppl. Ser. (1): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Lantz,L.A. 1928. Les Eremias de l’Asia Occidentale. Bull. Mus. Géorgie vols. 4/5: 136 pp. - get paper here
  • Leviton, A.E. 1959. Systematics and Zoogeography of Philippine Snakes. Unpublished PhD Thesis.
  • Leviton, Alan E. 1959. Report on a collection of reptiles from Afghanistan. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (12): 445-463 - get paper here
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1897. Les reptiles, amphibiens et poissons recueillis (part.) Mr. N. Zaroudny dans la Perse orientale [in Russian]. Annuaire Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg 2: 306-348 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Shcherbak, N. [= Szczerbak] 1974. Yashchurki palearktiki [Palearctic Desert Lizards]. Kiev, Naukova dumka, 296 pp.
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Zadhoush, B., Mousavi, S., Mousavi, S. J., & Rajabizadeh, M. 2022. A preliminary study of the lizard fauna (Reptilia: Squamata: Lacertilia) and their habitats in Bafq Protected Area and Darreh-Anjir Wildlife Refuge, Yazd Province, Central Iran. Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity, 6(X) - get paper here
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