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Eremias intermedia (STRAUCH, 1876)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Aralo-Caspian racerunner 
SynonymPodarces (Eremias) intermedia STRAUCH 1876: 28
Eremias intermedius — BOGDANOV 1882
Eremias transcaspica NIKOLSKY 1905: 482
Scapteira transcaspica NIKOLSKY 1905
Eremias intermedia —  ZUGMAYER 1909: 484
Eremias intermedia var. oxyrrhina BEDRIAGA 1912
Eremias intermedia transcaspica NIKOLSKY 1915
Ommateremias intermedia — LANTZ 1928
Eremias (Ommateremias) intermedia — BISCHOFF 1978
Eremias intermedia — ANDERSON 1999
Eremias intermedia — SZCZERBAK 2003
Eremias intermedia — ŠMÍD et al. 2014 
DistributionKazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, SW Tajikistan, NE Iran, Kyrgyzstan

Type locality: “in deserto aralo-caspico”, Transcaspia  
TypesLectotype: ZISP (ZIL) 3664 (designated by Shcherbak 1974); Paralectotype: ZMB 8753 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Three nasals, lower in contact with 2 or 3 supralabials; subocular not bordering mouth; fourth toe without distinct fringe, with single row of subdigital scales; space separating series of femoral pores at least one-third length of each; tympanic shield usually distinct; fourth supraocular usually distinct (Anderson 1999: 216).

Color pattern: Dorsum gray with brown tinge; longitudinal rows of small round or oval whitish spots edged with dark brown or black on body; a few scattered dark, usually elongated spots or narrow stripe along middorsum; limbs with more or less ocellate spots above; venter white (Anderson 1999: 216).

Comparisons and variation: “The only specimens I assign to this species are those from Sarakhs, identified by Guibe (1957:139) as Eremias arguta. They differ from Iranian specimens identified as E. nigrocellata in the following characters: snout-vent length/tail length (SV/T) = 0.53-0.60; supraoculars completely separated from frontal by row of granules; fourth toe with single row of subdigital scales and complete row of much smaller lateral scales; 16-18 (mean 16.8) ventrals in longest transverse row; ocelli on dorsum and limbs small, indistinct in alcohol. I find no obvious difference from E. nigrocellata in the tympanic shield (small or indistinct) or fourth supraocular (absent or indistinct). I have examined two specimens (BMNH, Desert of Kizilkum) from the series on which Strauch based his species. In both, the fourth supraoculars are completely broken up into small scales, the SV/T ratio is 0.82 in the adult and 0.63 in the immature specimen. In the latter specimen the supraoculars are completely separated from the frontal and the frontoparietals by a ring of small scales, while in the adult, the supraoculars are in contact with the frontal (Anderson 1999: 217). 
CommentSynonymy mainly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.)

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Günther, Rainer 1995. An annotated type catalogue of the lacertids (Reptilia: Lacertidae) in the Zoological Museum, Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 71 (1): 37-62 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 1978. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Echsen des Kaukasus. Salamandra 14 (4): 178-202 - get paper here
  • Brushko, Z.K. 1995. Lizards of desert regions of Kazakhstan. [in Russian] Kazakhstan National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Zoology, Almaty, 232 pp.
  • Cherlin, V. A. C 2019. Thermobiological mechanism of spatially temporal division of activity of medium, Eremias intermedia, and lineature, E. lineolata, labels (Reptilia, Lacertidae) in Kyzylkum. PROCEEDINGS OF THE VII CONGRESS OF THE NIKOLSKY HERPETOLOGICAL SOCIETY, in "University proceedings. Volga region. Natural sciences” 1: 162-174 - get paper here
  • Chirikova M.A. 2007. Variability in the pholidosis of the head, preanal area and limbs in four species of the genus EREMIAS (REPTILIA, LACERTIDAE) in Kazakhstan and the surrounding region. [in Russian] Vestnik Kaz. Al-Farabi. Biology Series. Almaty 2 (32): 113-121
  • Chirikova M.A. 2021. Historical context and results of a study on Racerunners (Sauria, Lacertidae, Eremias) in Kazakhstan [in Russian] Proc. Inst. Zool., Kazakhstan, pp. 127-136 - get paper here
  • CHIRIKOVA, M. A., Y. A. ZIMA, M. V. PESTOV, AND V. A. TERENTYEV 2020. Biodiversity of the Herpetofauna of the Muyunkum Desert, Kazakhstan. Herpetological Review 51: 438-446.
  • Davletbakov, A. T.; L. A. Kustareva, D. A. Milko, A. N. Ostastshenko, S. S. Sagymbaev, S. A. Toropov, N. V. Trotchenko 2015. Genetical Fund Cadastre of Kyrgyz Republic. Vol. IV. Phylum Chordata (chordates). Bishkek, 128 p. + XXXVI color tables - get paper here
  • Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
  • Eremchenko, V.K. & Panfilov, A.M. 1999. Taxonomic situation of multiocellated racerunner of the Eremias multiocellata complex of Kyrgyzstan and neighbour China (Sauria: Lacertidae: Eremias). [in Russian] Science and New Technologies - Nauka i Novye Tekhnologii, Ser. Biol., 4: 112-124
  • Hosseinian Yousefkhani, S.S. & Rastegar-Pouyani, E. 2013. Severe conditions on Eremias intermedia (STRAUCH, 1876) and Eremias lineolata (NIKOLSKY, 1896) (Sauria: Lacertidae) in Sarakhs, Northeastern Iran. [email protected] (Eidechsen Online) 2013 [3]: 17-20 - get paper here
  • Kamali, K. 2012. Geographic distribution: Eremias intermedia (medial racerunner). Herpetological Review 43: 445 - get paper here
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • Lambert, M.R.K. 2002. Preliminary observations on herpetofaunal diversity in the Almaty region, Southern Kazakhstan (September 1998). Herpetological Bulletin (79): 7-13 - get paper here
  • Langerwerf, B. 1980. De herpetofauna van Oezbekistan (5). Lacerta 38 (12): 123-124 - get paper here
  • Mishagina J.V. 1988. Trophic connections of medial racerunner (Eremias intermedia, Lacertidae) in Haloxylon groves of the Repetek reserve (Eastern Kara Kum). Izv. AN Turk SSR. Ser. Biol. Nauk,1988, No 5: 31-36 [in Russian]
  • Mishagina J.V. 1992. Food connections of lizards in haloxylon groves of the Repetek reserve. Probl. osvoenya pustyn, 1992, No 6: 46-62 [in Russian]
  • Molavi, Farahnaz; Toba M. Kalat, Morteza Yazdanpanah, Bahram H. Kiabi and Haji Gh. Kami 2017. Eremias intermedia or Eremias nigrocellata? Is morphology sufficient? Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity 1(2): 56-59 - get paper here
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1905. Herpetologia rossica. Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci., Phys.-Math. Classe, St. Pétersbourg, XVII (1): 1-518
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Shcherbak, N. [= Szczerbak] 1974. Yashchurki palearktiki [Palearctic Desert Lizards]. Kiev, Naukova dumka, 296 pp.
  • Shestopal A., Amanov A., Ovezov T. 2021. An overview of reptiles from the Kaplankyr Nature Reserve and adjacent territories. [in Russian] Proc. Inst. Zool., Kazakhstan, pp. 105-126 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
  • Strauch in: PRZEWALSKI, N.M. 1876. Mongoliya i Strana Tangutov. Tryokhletneye puteshestviye v Vostochnoj Nagoruoj Asii (= Mongolia and the Tangut Country. A Three-Year Travel in Eastern High Asia). Volumes 1-2. Imper. Russ. Geogr. Soc., St. Petersburg (in Russian; English edition, London 1876, French edition, Paris 1880, German edition, Jena 1887; abridged Russian edition with added notes, Moscow 1946). - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Wettstein, O. 1940. Eidechsen aus dem Tien-Shan-Gebiet. Zool. Anz. 130 (3/4): 83-89
  • Zugmayer,Erich 1909. Beiträge zur Herpetologie von Zentral-Asien. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. 27: 481-508 - get paper here
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