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Eremias multiocellata GÜNTHER, 1872

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesEremias multiocellata kozlowi BEDRIAGA 1907
Eremias multiocellata multiocellata GÜNTHER 1872
Eremias multiocellata tsaganbogdensis MUNKHABAYAR & BORKIN 2010 
Common NamesE: Multi-ocellated Racerunner
Russian: Глазчатая ящурка
Chinese: 密点麻蜥 
SynonymEremias multiocellata GÜNTHER 1872: 419
Eremias yarkandensis var. saturata BLANFORD 1875
Podarces multiocellata STRAUCH 1876
Podarces planiceps STRAUCH 1876
Eremias multiocellata var. saturata BOULENGER 1887
Eremias multiocellata var. kozlovi BEDRIAGA 1907
Eremias multiocellata var. reticulata BEDRIAGA 1912
Eremias multiocellata planiceps — WETTSTEIN 1931
Eremias multiocellata multiocellata POPE 1935
Eremias multiocellata bannikowi SZCZERBAK 1973 (fide Orlova et al. 2017)
Eremias multiocellata — LAMBERT 2002
Eremias multiocellata — SZCZERBAK 2003
Eremias (Pareremias) multiocellata — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Eremias multiocellata reticulata — TUNIYEV et al. 2014

Eremias multiocellata kozlowi BEDRIAGA 1907
Eremias multiocellata var. koslowi BEDRIAGA 1907: 183, 578
Eremias multiocellata kozlowi — SZCZERBAK 2003

Eremias multiocellata tsaganbogdensis MUNKHABAYAR & BORKIN 2010
Eremias multiocellata tsaganbogdensis — MAYER 2015
Eremias multiocellata tsaganbogdensis — ORLOVA et al. 2017 
DistributionS Mongolia, NW China (Xinjiang and Qinghai eastward through Nei Mongol [Inner Mongolia] to W Liaoning)
Uzbekistan ?, E/SE Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, SE Russia (Tuva)

bannikowi: W Mongolia and adjacent Russia (Tuva Republic)

multiocellata: remaining Mongolia, adjacent central China.

tsaganbogdensis: S Mongolia; Type locality: Tsagaan Bogd Uul Mountain, Bayanhongor Aymak, southern Mongolia. Holotype: ZISP.19956.1, Department of Herpetology, Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg.

Type locality: Gobi Desert, Mongolia  
Reproductionovovivparous. Temperature‐dependent sex determination (TSD) fide Nemesházi & Bókony 2023. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.7.69/
Holotype: ZISP.19956.1 [tsaganbogdensis]
Holotype: NMNH (Zoological Museum named after N.N. Szczerbak National Museum of Natural History, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev) Re 5, Russia, Tuva Republic, Sharasur, 13.07.1968, N.N. Szczerbak [bannikowi]
Lectotype: ZISP 9141, China, Nan Shan, oasis Ssatschshe (Orlova et al., 2017 indicated "Sachzheu envrions [Dunhuang]"), 1894, Coll. P.K. Kozlov and V.I. Roborovsky [kozlowi] 
CommentIllustration: Plate 27 in ZHAO & ADLER 1993.

Synonymy mainly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.).

Subspecies: Eremias multiocellata stummeri WETTSTEIN 1940 and Eremias multiocellata szczerbaki are now considered as a valid species.

Distribution: not corrected for removal of stummeri and szczerbaki.

Syntypes: MCZ [saturata] 
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Baig, Khalid Javed and Rafaqat Masroor 2006. A New Species of Eremias (Sauria: Lacertidae) from Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. Russ. J. Herpetol. 13 (3): 167-174
  • Bedriaga, J. von 1907. Wissenschaftliche Resultate der von N. M. Przewalski nach Central-Asien unternommenen Reisen.Zoologischer Theil, Amphibien und Reptilien, Band 3, Abt. 1, Lieferung 2: Lacertilia (Gekkonidae, Agamidae). Kaiserl. Akad. Wissensch., St. Petersburg, pages 71-278
  • Bedriaga, JACQUES VON 1907. Verzeichnis der von der Central-Asiatischen Expedition unter Stabs-Kapitän W. Roborowski in den Jahren 1893-1895 gesammelten Reptilien. Annu. Mus. Zool. Acad. Impér. Sci. St.-Petersbourg, 10 (3-4): 159-200 [1905] - get paper here
  • Bedriaga, JACQUES VON. 1912. Wissenschaftliche Resultate der von N. M. Przewalski nach Central-Asien unternommenen Reisen. Zoologischer Theil, Amphibien und Reptilien (Band 3, Abt. 1. Kaiserl. Akad. Wissensch., St. Petersburg. vi, 769 pages [parallel German and Russian texts] - get paper here
  • Blanford, WILLIAM T. 1875. List of Reptilia and Amphibia collected by the late Dr. Stoliczka in Kashmir, Ladák, eastern Turkestán, and Wakhán, with descriptions of new species. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, new ser., 44 (pt. 2, no. 3): 191-196. - get paper here
  • Buehler, Matthew D.; Purevdorj Zoljargal, Erdenetushig Purvee, Khorloo Munkhbayar, Munkhbayar Munkhbaatar, Nyamsuren Batsaikhan, Natalia B. Ananjeva, Nikolai L. Orlov, Theordore J. Papenfuss, Diego Roldán-Pińa, - Douchindorj, Larry Lee Grismer, Jamie 2021. The Results of Four Recent Joint Expeditions to the Gobi Desert: Lacertids and Agamids. Russian Journal of Herpetology 28 (1): 15-32 - get paper here
  • Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
  • Dujsebayeva, T.N.; M. A. Chirikova, and O. V. Belyalov 2009. New Finds of the Racerunner of Eremias multiocellata Complex in Kazakhstan. Russ. J. Herpetol. 16 (1): 51-56 - get paper here
  • Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles of Russia. Atlas and determination. 2nd. ed. Moscow: Phyton XXI, 328 p
  • Günther, A. 1872. On some new species of reptiles and fishes collected by J. Brenchley, Esq. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 10 (60): 418-426. - get paper here
  • Guo, Xianguang; Xin Daib, Dali Chen, Theodore J. Papenfuss, Natalia B. Ananjeva, Daniel A. Melnikov, Yuezhao Wang 2011. Phylogeny and divergence times of some racerunner lizards (Lacertidae: Eremias) inferred from mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene segments. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 400–412 - get paper here
  • Lambert, M.R.K. 2002. Preliminary observations on herpetofaunal diversity in the Almaty region, Southern Kazakhstan (September 1998). Herpetological Bulletin (79): 7-13 - get paper here
  • Li, Dajiang; Jinlong Liu, Tianhe Zhou, Xianguang Guo 2015. Patterns of Embryonic Nutrition and Characteristics of Chorioallontoic Placenta in a Viviparous Racerunner Lizard, Eremias multiocellata: a Preliminary Study. Russ. J. Herpetol. 22 (2): 116-122
  • Lixia, Wan; Shihong, Sun; Yuanting, Jin; Yongfeng, Yan; Naifa, Liu 2007. Molecular phylogeography of the Chinese lacertids of the genus Eremias (Lacertidae) based on 16S rRNA mitochondrial DNA sequences. Amphibia-Reptilia 28 (1): 33-41 - get paper here
  • Munkhbayar, K. & Borkin, L.J. 2010. A new subspecies of the lizard Eremias multiocellata tsaganbogdensis subsp. nov. (Lacertidae) from southern Mongolia. Izvestiya Samarskogo Nauchnogo Centra Rossiskaya Akademii Nauk, 12(1)(No 33): 122-124 - get paper here
  • Munkhbayar, Munkhbaatar; Terbish Khayankhyarvaa, Onolragchaa Ganbold, Zoljargal Purevdorj, Burnee Mundur, Gurragchaa Jargalsaikhan, Munkhbayar Khorloo 2020. A Herpetofaunal Survey of Northwestern Mongolia with the First Country Record of the Moorfrog, Rana arvalis Nilsson 1842. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (2): 154-160 - get paper here
  • Nemesházi, E., Bókony, V. 2023. HerpSexDet: the herpetological database of sex determination and sex reversal. Sci Data 10, 377 - get paper here
  • Orlova V. F., Chirikova M. A., Nazarov R. A., Poyarkov N. A. 2016. Racerunners of Kyrgyzstan and southeastern part of Kazakhstan (Sauria, Lacertidae, Eremias multiocellata-complex). PROCEEDINGS OF THE 6th CONGRESS OF THE A. M. NIKOLSKY HERPETOLOGICAL SOCIETY pp. 113-119 - get paper here
  • Orlova V.F., Dunayev E.A., Nazarov R.A., Terbish Kh., Erdentushig P. 2014. Materials on the South-Western Mongolia herpetofauna. Current Studies in Herpetology 14 (1/2): 32–43 - get paper here
  • ORLOVA, VALENTINA F.; NIKOLAY A. JR. POYARKOV, MARINA A. CHIRIKOVA, ROMAN A. NAZAROV, MUNKHBAYAR MUNKHBAATAR, KHORLOOGHIYN MUNKHBAYAR, KHAYANKHYARVAGIJN TERBISH 2017. MtDNA differentiation and taxonomy of Central Asian racerunners of Eremias multiocellata-E. przewalskii species complex (Squamata, Lacertidae). Zootaxa 4282 (1): 001–042 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 1973. New subspecies of Eremias multiocellata – Eremias multiocellata bannikowi ssp. n. (Reptilia, Sauria) from Tuva and north-western Mongolia. [in Russian] Vestnik zoologii, Journal of the Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, 1973 (3): 84-87
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Tang, X.-L., F. Yue, et al. 2012. The effect of operational sex ratio on sex allocation and neonate phenotype in a viviparous lizard Eremias multiocellata. Amphibia-Reptilia 33(3-4): 485-493 - get paper here
  • Truweller, K. A.;Makarov, A. N.; Orlova, V. F. 1994. Method of the simplified evaluation of genetic differentiation of the Asian Eremias lizards (Sauria: Lacertidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 1 (2): 133-142 - get paper here
  • Wang, Cui; Xiaolong Tang, Ying Xin, Feng Yue, Xuefeng Yan, Bingbing Liu, Bei An, Xi Wang, and Qiang Chen 2015. Identification of Sex Chromosomes by Means of Comparative Genomic Hybridization in a Lizard, Eremias multiocellata. Zoological Science 32, No. 2: 151-156 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Wettstein, O. 1931. Neue oder wenig bekannte Eidechsen. Zoologischer Anzeiger (1931) 95: 280-291 - get paper here
  • Zeng, Zhi-Gao; Jun-Huai Bi , Shu-Ran Li , Yang Wang , Travis R. Robbins , Shao-Yong Chen , and Wei-Guo Du 2016. Habitat Alteration Influences a Desert Steppe Lizard Community: Implications of Species-Specific Preferences and Performance. Herp. Monographs 30 (1): 34-48 - get paper here
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
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