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Eremias persica BLANFORD, 1875

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesAralo-Caspian racerunner 
SynonymEremias persica BLANFORD 1874: 31
Eremias velox pesicus — PROCTER 1921
Eremias velox persica — SMITH 1935: 383
Eremias velox persica — KHALAF 1959
Eremias velox persica — LEVITON 1959: 453
Podarces persica STRAUCH 1876
Eremias velox (part.) BOULENGER 1887
Eremias fasciata (part.) NIKOLSKY 1900
Eremias velox var. persica BOULENGER 1921
Eremias persica LANTZ 1928
Eremias velox persa WERNER 1938
Eremias velox persica — KHALAF KAMEL 1959
Eremias persica — FRYNTA et al. 1997
Eremias (Eremias) nigrolateralis RASTEGAR-POUYANI & NILSON 1998
Eremias nigrolateralis — ANDERSON 1999
Eremias persica — SZCZERBAK 2003
Eremias nigrolateralis — BAIG & MASROOR 2006
Eremias (Dimorphea) nigrolateralis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Eremias (Dimorphea) persica — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Eremias (Aspidorhinus) persica — BARABANOV 2009 
DistributionS Turkmenistan, N/C/E Iran, Afghanistan, NW Pakistan

Type locality: near Ispahan (=Isfehan), Iran

nigrolateralis: Iran (Fars); Type locality: 150 km NE of Shiraz (53°9'E, 30°52'N), Fars Prov. S C Iran, 1800 m elevation; Asia  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.8.7.32 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). Eremias nigrolateralis has been synonymized with Eremias persica by RASTEGAR-POUYANI et al. 2010. These authors also suggest to raise “four clades of the E. persica complex to species rank (localities 3, 6, 7, and 12), two to subspecies rank (localities 8 and 5)” although it is not clear to us what these taxa or clades are, as they are not given in Figure 1 (where the localities are shown) nor in the section “Taxonomic implications” where the statement was made, or in the tree where the localities and clades are all called “E. persica”.

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
EtymologyNamed after its distribution in Persia (now: Iran). 
References
  • Ahmadzadeh, Faraham ; Petros Lymberakis; Reyhaneh Saberi Pirouz, Paschalia Kapli 2017. The evolutionary history of two lizards (Squamata: Lacertidae) is linked to the geological development of Iran Zoologischer Anzeiger 270: 49–56 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Baig, Khalid Javed and Rafaqat Masroor 2006. A New Species of Eremias (Sauria: Lacertidae) from Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. Russ. J. Herpetol. 13 (3): 167-174
  • Barabanov, Andrei 2009. Aspidorhinus Eichwald, 1841 as a valid subgeneric name for Eremias velox species group (Sauria, Lacertidae). [(in Russian with English abstract)]. Current Studies in Herpetology 9: 59–61
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Günther, Rainer 1995. An annotated type catalogue of the lacertids (Reptilia: Lacertidae) in the Zoological Museum, Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 71 (1): 37-62
  • Blanford,W.T. 1874. Descriptions of new Reptilia and Amphibia from Persia and Baluchistan. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 14: 31-35 - get paper here
  • Clark, R. J., Clark, E. D. and Anderson, S. C. 1966. Report on two small collections of reptiles from Iran. Occ. Pap. Cal. Acad. Sci. (55): 1-9 - get paper here
  • Clark, R. J., Clark, E. D., Anderson, S. C. and Leviton, A. E. 1969. Report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Afghanistan. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (ser. 4) 36: 279-316. - get paper here
  • Damadi, Ehsan; Rasoul Karamiani; Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani; Ali Gholamifard 2017. A checklist of lizards from southeastern part of the Sistan and Baluchestan Province in southeastern Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics, DOI: 10.22067/ijab.v13i1.50398 - get paper here
  • Forcart,Lothar 1950. Amphibien und Reptilien von Iran. Verh. naturf. Ges. Basel 61: 141-156
  • Frynta,D. et al. 1997. Results of the Czech biological expedition to Iran. Part 1. Notes on the distribution of amphibians and reptiles. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 61: 3-17
  • Guo, Xianguang; Xin Daib, Dali Chen, Theodore J. Papenfuss, Natalia B. Ananjeva, Daniel A. Melnikov, Yuezhao Wang 2011. Phylogeny and divergence times of some racerunner lizards (Lacertidae: Eremias) inferred from mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene segments. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 400–412 - get paper here
  • Hillmann, B. 2003. Herpetologische Eindrücke aus dem Iran. Elaphe 11 (4): 61-71
  • Leviton, Alan E. 1959. Report on a collection of reptiles from Afghanistan. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (12): 445-463 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E. 1959. Systematics and Zoogeography of Philippine Snakes. Unpublished PhD Thesis.
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1897. Les reptiles, amphibiens et poissons recueillis (part.) Mr. N. Zaroudny dans la Perse orientale [in Russian]. Annuaire Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg 2: 306-348 - get paper here
  • Nilson,G. & Andren,C. 1981. Die Herpetofauna des Kavir-Schutzgebietes, Kavir-Wüste, Iran. Salamandra 17 (3-4): 130-146 - get paper here
  • Rastegar-Pouyani, E., Rastegar-Pouyani, N.; Kazemi-Noureini, S.; Joger, U. & Wink, M. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the Eremias persica complex of the Iranian plateau (Reptilia: Lacertidae), based on mtDNA sequences. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 158: 641–660
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, ESKANDAR; SAEED HOSSEINIAN, SOOLMAZ RAFIEE, HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABIZADEH, MICHAEL WINK 2016. A new species of the genus Eremias Fitzinger, 1834 (Squamata: Lacertidae) from Central Iran, supported by mtDNA sequences and morphology. Zootaxa 4132 (2): 207–220
  • Rastegar-Pouyani, N. & G. Nilson 1998. A new species of Eremias (Sauria: Lacertidae) from Fars Province, South-Central Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 4 (2): 94-101 [1997] - get paper here
  • Rastegar-Pouyani, Nasrullah and Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani 2001. A new species of Eremias (Sauria: Lacertidae) from highlands of Kermanshah Province, western Iran. Asiatic Herpetological Research. 9: 107-112. - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
 
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