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Eremias yarkandensis BLANFORD, 1875

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Yarkend racerunner, Yarkand sandlizard
Chinese: 莎车麻蜥 
SynonymEremias yarkandensis BLANFORD 1875: 194
Eremias multiocellata var. yarkandensis — BOULENGER 1921
Eremias multiocellata yarkandensis — SCHMIDT 1926: 168
Eremias multiocellata yarkandensis — SZCZERBAK 1974
Eremias multiocellata yarkandensis — EREMCHENKO et al. 1992
Eremias yarkandensis — EREMCHENKO & PANFILOV 1999
Eremias multiocellata yarkandensis — SZCZERBAK 2003
Eremias yarkandensis — ANANJEVA et al. 2006: 102
Eremias (Pareremias) yarkandensis — SINDACO & EREMCHENKO 2008
Eremias yarkandensis — ORLOVA et al. 2022 
DistributionWest China (Sinjian, Kashgaria, southern slopes of Tien Shan, piedmont plains and foothills of Kunlun and eastern Pamir); Kyrgyzstan (East Alai)

Type locality: town Yarkend, Kashgaria, China (Xinjiang-Uyghur Autonomous region).  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1917.3.6.28-30; according to other sources also in ZSI, MCZ R-7167 
CommentThis species has been previously considered as a synonym of E. buechneri or E.


Habitat: Mountain species, populate of semiarid and arid rocky slopes to 3000 m elevation. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Bedriaga, JACQUES VON 1907. Verzeichnis der von der Central-Asiatischen Expedition unter Stabs-Kapitän W. Roborowski in den Jahren 1893-1895 gesammelten Reptilien. Annu. Mus. Zool. Acad. Impér. Sci. St.-Petersbourg, 10 (3-4): 159-200 [1905] - get paper here
  • Blanford, WILLIAM T. 1875. List of Reptilia and Amphibia collected by the late Dr. Stoliczka in Kashmir, Ladák, eastern Turkestán, and Wakhán, with descriptions of new species. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, new ser., 44 (pt. 2, no. 3): 191-196. - get paper here
  • Blanford,W.T. 1878. "Reptilia and Amphibia" in Scientific Results of the Second Yarkand Mission. Calcutta, Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing. 4to, p. 1-26, 2 pis.
  • Das, I. & Dattagupta B. 1997. On Chinese reptile types collected furing the second Forsyth expedition to Yarkand, Eastern Turkestan (1873). Sichuan Journal of Zoology 16 (4): 168-170
  • Davletbakov, A. T.; L. A. Kustareva, D. A. Milko, A. N. Ostastshenko, S. S. Sagymbaev, S. A. Toropov, N. V. Trotchenko 2015. Genetical Fund Cadastre of Kyrgyz Republic. Vol. IV. Phylum Chordata (chordates). Bishkek, 128 p. + XXXVI color tables - get paper here
  • Eremchenko, V.; A. M. Panfilov & E. I. Tsarinenko 1992. Conspectus on cytogenetic and taxonomic research on some Asiatic species of Scincidae and Lacertidae [in Russian]. Ylym Publ., Bishket, Kiev, 182 pp.
  • Eremchenko, V.K. & Panfilov, A.M. 1999. Taxonomic situation of multiocellated racerunner of the Eremias multiocellata complex of Kyrgyzstan and neighbour China (Sauria: Lacertidae: Eremias). [in Russian] Science and New Technologies - Nauka i Novye Tekhnologii, Ser. Biol., 4: 112-124
  • Lixia, Wan; Shihong, Sun; Yuanting, Jin; Yongfeng, Yan; Naifa, Liu 2007. Molecular phylogeography of the Chinese lacertids of the genus Eremias (Lacertidae) based on 16S rRNA mitochondrial DNA sequences. Amphibia-Reptilia 28 (1): 33-41 - get paper here
  • Orlova V. F., Chirikova M. A., Nazarov R. A., Poyarkov N. A. 2016. Racerunners of Kyrgyzstan and southeastern part of Kazakhstan (Sauria, Lacertidae, Eremias multiocellata-complex). PROCEEDINGS OF THE 6th CONGRESS OF THE A. M. NIKOLSKY HERPETOLOGICAL SOCIETY pp. 113-119 - get paper here
  • Orlova, V. F., Solovyeva, E. N., Dunayev, E. A., & Ananjeva, N. B. 2022. Integrative Taxonomy within Eremias multiocellata Complex (Sauria, Lacertidae) from the Western Part of Range: Evidence from Historical DNA. Genes, 13(6): 941
  • ORLOVA, VALENTINA F.; NIKOLAY A. JR. POYARKOV, MARINA A. CHIRIKOVA, ROMAN A. NAZAROV, MUNKHBAYAR MUNKHBAATAR, KHORLOOGHIYN MUNKHBAYAR, KHAYANKHYARVAGIJN TERBISH 2017. MtDNA differentiation and taxonomy of Central Asian racerunners of Eremias multiocellata-E. przewalskii species complex (Squamata, Lacertidae). Zootaxa 4282 (1): 001–042 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1926. Amphibians and Reptiles of the James Simpson-Roosevelt Asiatic Expedition. Field Mus. nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 12: 167-173 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Tian, L., & Guo, X. 2022. Complete Mitochondrial Genomes of Five Racerunners (Lacertidae: Eremias) and Comparison with Other Lacertids: Insights into the Structure and Evolution of the Control Region. Genes, 13(5): 726 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Wang, Song, Jinlong Liu, Marina A. Chirikova, Bin Zhang & Xianguang Guo. 2022. The complete mitochondrial genome of Eremias yarkandensis (Reptilia, Squamata, Lacertidae) from Kyrgyzstan. Mitochondrial DNA. Part B, Resources 7(3): 443–445. - get paper here
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