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Eremiascincus fasciolatus (GÜNTHER, 1867)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Narrow-banded Sand-swimmer, Narrow-Banded Sand Swimmer, Thick-tailed Skink
G: Östlicher Streifenskink 
SynonymHinulia fasciolata GÜNTHER 1867: 47
Euprepes striatulus STEINDACHNER 1867: 49
Lygosoma fasciolatum — BOULENGER 1887: 236
Lygosma fasciolatum — WERNER 1910: 270
Lygosma (Hinulia) fasciolatum — STERNFELD 1925: 247
Lygosma fasciolatum intermedium — STERNFELD 1925: 247 (status unclear)
Sphenomorphus fasciolatus fasciolatus — LOVERIDGE 1934: 354
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) fasciolatum — SMITH 1937: 220
Sphenomorphus fasciolatus — MITTLEMAN 1952: 24
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) fasciolatum — GLAUERT 1960
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) fasciolatum fasciolatum — WORRELL 1963: 55
Sphenomorphus fasciolatum — STORR 1974
Eremiascincus fasciolatus — GREER 1979
Eremiascincus fasciolatus — COGGER 1983: 163
Eremiascincus fasciolatus — COGGER 2000: 477
Eremiascincus fasciolatus — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (E Queensland)

Type locality: Port Curtis, Qld.  
Reproductionoviparous (reports about viviparity are questionable fide Mecke et al. 2016 
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.8.3.49 (formerly, (Port Curtis, Qld, purchased G. Krefft), designated by Wells & Wellington (1985).
Holotype: NHMW = NMW 9720, from N. S. W. [Euprepes striatulus]
Holotype: SMF 14446, from Hermannsburg Mission, upper Finke River, N. T. [Lygosma (Hinulia) fasciolatum intermedium] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A large (snout-vent length up to 123 mm), robust narrow-banded Eremiascincus with 7–9 supralabials (usually 8), with the last, or the last and penultimate scale divided horizontally; a row of subinfralabials between infralabials and the last chin shields; only one infralabial in contact with the postmental scale; scales on top of the fourth toe in multiple rows with oblique sutures, reaching almost to the claw; 18–23 subdigital lamellae in multiple rows/ divided (usually two scales in a row), bluntly keeled or callused, keels ending in a mucro; plantar scales 9–12, callused; 32–36 scale rows at mid-body; head large, snout not depressed, and ear opening large and almost always elliptical; body smooth but tail with ridged scales; coloration pattern strongly banded (type b), composed of 10–16 narrow dark cross-bands on body between neck and attachment of hind limbs (broadest often on the neck), often breaking medially, branching laterally, and pointing forwards; 25–35 very narrow bands on tail [MECKE et al. 2013] 
CommentSynonymy partly after COGGER 1983 and MECKE et al. 2013. MECKE et al. 2013 also removed Hinulia pallida GÜNTHER 1875 and L. intermedium STERNFELD 1919 from the synonymy of E. fasciolatus.

Distribution: With the revalidation of E. pallidus and E. intermedium the range of E. fasciolatus has been restricted to Queensland. Reports from other parts of Australia refer now to other species of Eremascincus.

Limb morphology: 5 digits, 5 toes (Singhal et al. 2018, Cogger 2014) 
EtymologyThe specific name ‘fasciolatus’ is Latin for ‘small bands’. 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Glauert, L. 1960. Herpetological miscellanea. XII. The family Scincidae in Western Australia. Pt. 2. The genus Lygosoma. Western Australian Naturalist 7 (4): 81-99 - get paper here
  • Greer, Allen E. 1979. Eremiascincus, A new generic name for some Australian sand swimming skinks (Lacertilia: Scincidae). Rec. Austral. Mus. 32 (7): 321-338 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1867. Additions to the knowledge of Australian reptiles and fishes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 20: 45-57 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1875. A list of the saurians of Australia and New Zealand. Pp. 9-19. In: Richardson, J., and J. E. Gray. The zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Erebus and Terror, during the years 1839 to 1843. By authority of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty. Vol. 2. E. W. Janson, London - get paper here
  • Mecke, S., M. Kieckbusch, T. Graf, L. A. Beck, M. O’Shea & H. Kaiser 2016. First captive breeding of a night skink (Scincidae: Eremiascincus) from Timor-Leste, Lesser Sunda Islands, with remarks on the reproductive biology of the genus. Salamandra 52 (2): 178-188 - get paper here
  • Mecke, S; Dougherty, P. & Donnellan, S.C. 2009. A new species of Eremiascincus (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) from the Great Sandy Desert and Pilbara Coast, Western Australia and reassignment of eight species from Glaphyromorphus to Eremiascincus. Zootaxa 2246: 1-20 - get paper here
  • MECKE, SVEN; PAUL DOUGHTY, STEPHEN C. DONNELLAN 2013. Redescription of Eremiascincus fasciolatus (Günther, 1867) (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) with clarification of its synonyms and the description of a new species. Zootaxa 3701 (5): 473–517 - get paper here
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation. The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Mark N. Hutchinson, Michael S.Y. Lee 2013. Phylogeny and Divergence Times of Australian Sphenomorphus Group Skinks (Scincidae, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3): 906–918 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858,1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Zoologie), Vol. 1, part 3 (Reptilien p.1-98). K. Gerold's Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königl. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien [1869 on title page] - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1919. Neue Schlangen und Echsen aus Zentralaustralien. Senckenbergiana 1: 76-83 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M. 1974. Revision of the Sphenomorphus richardsonii species-group (Lacertilia: Scincidae). Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 3: 66-70 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M.; L. A. Smith, and R. E. Johnstone 1999. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Revised Edition. Western Australian Museum
  • Werner, F. 1910. Neue oder seltenere Reptilien des Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique in Brüssel. [Mabuia dolloi, Mabuia polylepis]. Zool. Jb. Abt. Syst. Okol. Geogr. 28 [1909]: 263-288. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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