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Eremiascincus pardalis (MACLEAY, 1877)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesEremiascincus pardalis erro (COPLAND 1946)
Eremiascincus pardalis pardalis (MACLEAY 1877) 
Common NamesLowlands Bar-lipped Skink 
SynonymHinulia pardalis MACLEAY 1877: 63
Lygosoma atromaculatum GARMAN 1901: 8
Lygosoma pardalis — BOULENGER 1904: 80
Sphenomorphus atromaculatus — LOVERIDGE 1934
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) pardalis — SMITH 1937: 220
Sphenomorphus pardalis erro COPLAND 1946
Sphenomorphus pardalis — GREER & PARKER 1974: 60
Sphenomorphus pardalis — COGGER 1983: 186
Glaphyromorphus pardalis — GREER 1990
Glaphyromorphus pardalis — COGGER 2000: 496
Glaphyromorphus pardalis — COUPER et al. 2006: 381
Eremiascincus pardalis — MECKE et al. 2009 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland)

Type locality: Barrow Is., Qld. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
Reproductionoviparous (Mecke et al. 2016) 
TypesHolotype: AMS (AM) R31837 (was: Macleay Museum)
Syntypes: MCZ 6475 (2 specimens) Great Barrier Reef, Qld., MCZ 6478 (3 specimens) Qld. (Cooktown) fide Loveridge (1934); FMNH 73374 from Qld., one MCZ syntype not found (fide COGGER 1983).
Holotype: AMS (AM) R6352, from unknown locality [Sphenomorphus pardalis erro ]. 
CommentSynonymy partly after COGGER 1983. BOULENGER (1904) felt that Hinulia pardalis was the same as Lygosoma (Hinulia) elegantulum.

Distribution: Reports from New Guinea (fide SMITH 1937) are probably in error and have not been confirmed (Allen Allison, pers. comm., 20 Feb 2017). 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1904. Note on Hinulia pardalis of Macleay. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 14: 80 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Copland, Stephen J. 1950. Nomenclature and type specimens of two species of Sphenomorphus (Sauria: Scincidae). Copeia 1950 (1): 57 - get paper here
  • Copland,S.J. 1946. Catalogue of reptiles in the Macleay Museum. Part I. Sphenomorphus pardalis pardalis (Macleay) and Sphenomorphus nigricaudis nigricaudis (Macleay). Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 70: 291-311 - get paper here
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Garman, S. 1901. Some reptiles and batrachians from Australasia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 39: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Greer A E 1990. The Glaphyromorphus isolepis species group (Lacertilia: Scincidae): diagnosis of the taxon and description of a new species from Timor. Journal of Herpetology 24 (4): 372-377 - get paper here
  • Greer, A. E. & F. Parker 1974. The fasciatus group of Sphenomorphus (Lacertilia: Scincidae): notes on eight previously described species and description of three new species. Papua New Guin. Sci. Soc. Proc. [1973] 25: 31-61.
  • Loveridge, A. 1934. Australian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 77: 243-383 - get paper here
  • Macleay, W. 1877. The lizards of the Chevert Expedition. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 2: 60-69; 97-104 - get paper here
  • Mecke, S., M. Kieckbusch, T. Graf, L. A. Beck, M. O’Shea & H. Kaiser 2016. First captive breeding of a night skink (Scincidae: Eremiascincus) from Timor-Leste, Lesser Sunda Islands, with remarks on the reproductive biology of the genus. Salamandra 52 (2): 178-188 - get paper here
  • Mecke, S; Dougherty, P. & Donnellan, S.C. 2009. A new species of Eremiascincus (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) from the Great Sandy Desert and Pilbara Coast, Western Australia and reassignment of eight species from Glaphyromorphus to Eremiascincus. Zootaxa 2246: 1-20 - get paper here
  • Rankin, P. R. 1978. Notes on the biology of the skink Sphenomorphus pardalis (Macleay) including a captive breeding record. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 10: 4-7
  • Skinner, Adam; Mark N. Hutchinson, Michael S.Y. Lee 2013. Phylogeny and Divergence Times of Australian Sphenomorphus Group Skinks (Scincidae, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3): 906–918 - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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