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Erythrolamprus perfuscus (COPE, 1862)

IUCN Red List - Erythrolamprus perfuscus - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Barbados Groundsnake, Tan Ground Snake 
SynonymLiophis perfuscus COPE 1862: 77
Dromicus perfuscus — GRANT 1959
Liophis perfuscus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 625
Erythrolamprus perfuscus — GRAZZIOTIN et al. 2012
Liophis perfuscus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 384 
DistributionLesser Antilles: Barbados

Type locality: Barbados.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 329493 (formely 6044) 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum SVL 797 mm; dorsal scale rows at midbody 17; ventrals 182-200; subcaudals 78-80; supralabials usually 8/8 or 9/9; infralabials usually 10/10; preoculars 1/1; postoculars 2/2; temporals 1+2/1+2; anal divided. Dorsum (as preserved) mud-brown to chocolate-brown to nearly black, paler brown laterally; top of head may be paler than dorsum of body; supralabials, chin, sides of neck light brown; narrow, light brown lateral stripe on posterior body and tail; venter gray (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 626). 
CommentFor illustrations see Dixon, 1981.

Conservation: apparently extinct (Daltry 2016) 
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. Synopsis of the species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14: 60-82. - get paper here
  • Daltry, J.C. 2016. Erythrolamprus perfuscus (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T12081A115104581 - get paper here
  • Dixon, J.R. 1981. The neotropical colubrid snake genus Liophis: the eastern Caribbean complex. Copeia 1981 (2): 296-304 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. 1989. A key and checklist to the neotropical snake genus Liophis with country lists and maps. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (79): 1-40 - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1959. Herpetology of Barbados, B.W.I. Herpetologica 15 (2): 97-101 - get paper here
  • Grazziotin, Felipe G.; Hussam Zaher, Robert W. Murphy, Gustavo Scrocchi, Marco A. Benavides, Ya-Ping Zhang and Sandro L. Bonatto 2012. Molecular phylogeny of the New World Dipsadidae (Serpentes: Colubroidea): a reappraisal. Cladistics DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00393.x - get paper here
  • Henderson R W & Bourgeois, R.W. 1993. Notes on the Diets of West Indian Liophis (Serpentes: Colubridae). Carib. J. Sci. 29 (3-4): 253-254
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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