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Erythrolamprus sagittifer (JAN, 1863)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesErythrolamprus sagittifer modestus (KOSLOWSKY 1896)
Erythrolamprus sagittifer sagittifer (JAN 1863) 
Common NamesArrow Ground Snake 
SynonymChlorosoma sagittifer BURMEISTER 1861 (nomen nudum)
Liopeltis sagittifer JAN 1863: 82
Liophis pulcher STEINDACHNER 1867: 267
Liophis pulcher STEINDACHNER 1867: 228
Rhadinaea sagittifera — BOULENGER 1894: 165 (part.)
Rhadinaea sagittifera — KOSLOWSKY 1895: 368
Liophis sagittifer — BERG 1898
Zamenis argentinus BRÉTHÈS 1917 (incertae sedis fide PETERS & OREJA-MIRANDA 1970: 129)
Leimadophis sagittifer — AMARAL 1926: 19
Leimadophis sagittifer — SERIÉ 1936 (part.)
Dromicus sagittifer — FREIBERG 1982
Leimadophis sagittifer — STRATHEMANN 1983
Liophis sagittifer sagittifer — CEI 1993
Leimadophis sagittifer — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 149
Liophis sagittifer sagittifer — LEYNAUD & BUCHER 1999: 24
Liophis sagittifer — SCROCCHI et al. 2006: 103
Liophis sagittifer — BERNILS et al. 2007
Erythrolamprus sagittifer — GRAZZIOTIN et al. 2012
Liophis sagittifer — WALLACH et al. 2014: 385

Erythrolamprus sagittifer modestus (KOSLOWSKY 1896)
Rhadinaea modesta KOSLOWSKY 1896: 453
Liophis trifasciatus WENER 1899
Liophis sagittifer modesta — DIXON & THOMAS 1982
Liophis sagittifer modestus — CEI 1993
Liophis sagittifer modestus — LEYNAUD & BUCHER 1999: 24 
DistributionNW Argentina (Chaco, Formosa, Jujuy, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán, Catamarca, Córdoba, San Luis, San Juan, La Pampa, Mendoza, Neuquén, Rio Negro, Chubut, Sante Fe [HR 30: 54]), S Brazil, SE Bolivia, W Paraguay

modestus: S Bolivia, N Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul).

Type locality: Mendoza, Argentina.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MLUH IV 102, an adult male, probably destroyed during WW II fide Dixon and Thomas, 1982: 391.
Holotype: MLP, cat. no. unknown, collected by Gerling [modestus] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy after CEI 1993. Rhadinaea modesta KOSLOWSKY 1896 was synonymized with Leimadophis sagittifer by AMARAL 1926.

Distribution: Reports from Brazil seem to be based on old records but there seem to be no recent findings (H. Costa, pers. comm., 5 April 2016). 
Etymology 
References
  • Abalos, J.W., Baez, E.C., & Nader, R. 1964. Serpientes de Santiago del Estero. Acta Zoologica Lilloana 20: 211-283.
  • Amaral,A. do 1926. Notas de ophiologia. I. Sobre a invalidez de um genero e algumas especies de ophidios Sul-Americanos. Rev. Mus. Paulista 14: 17-33
  • Arzamendia, Vanesa;Giraudo, Alejandro R. 1999. Geographic distribution. Liophis sagittifer modestus. Herpetological Review 30 (1): 54 - get paper here
  • Arzamendia, Vanesa;Giraudo, Alejandro R. 1999. Geographic distribution. Liophis sagittifer modestus. Herpetological Review 30 (1): 54 - get paper here
  • Beconi, Hugo Cabral; Alberto Carosini, Paul Smith 2019. Die Hard: How Paraguayan snakes avoid predation and live to tell the tale Herpetology Notes 12: 513-518 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • Dixon, James R. 1989. A key and checklist to the neotropical snake genus Liophis with country lists and maps. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (79): 1-40 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. & Thomas, Robert A. 1982. The status of the Argentine colubrid snakes Liophis sagittifer and L. trifasciatus. Herpetologica 38 (3): 389-395 - get paper here
  • Freiberg, M.A. 1982. Snakes of South America. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ, 189 pp.
  • Gonzales, Lucindo; Arturo Muñoz y Edson Cortez 2006. PRIMER REPORTE SOBRE LA HERPETOFAUNA DE LA RESERVA NATURAL “EL CORBALÁN”, TARIJA, BOLIVIA [FIRST REPORT ON THE HERPETOFAUNA OF “EL CORBALAN” NATURAL RESERVE, TARIJA, BOLIVIA]. Kempffiana 2 (1): 72-94 - get paper here
  • Grazziotin, Felipe G.; Hussam Zaher, Robert W. Murphy, Gustavo Scrocchi, Marco A. Benavides, Ya-Ping Zhang and Sandro L. Bonatto 2012. Molecular phylogeny of the New World Dipsadidae (Serpentes: Colubroidea): a reappraisal. Cladistics DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00393.x - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1863. Elenco Sistematico degli Ofidi descriti e disegnati per l'Iconografia Generale. Milano, A. Lombardi. vii + 143 pp.
  • Kacoliris F.P.; Berkunsky I. & Williams J. 2006. Herpetofauna of Impenetrable, Argentinean Great Chaco. Phyllomedusa 5 (2): 149-158 - get paper here
  • Koslowsky,J. 1895. Batracios y reptiles de Rioja y Catamarca. Rev. Mus. La Plata 6: 359-370 - get paper here
  • Koslowsky,J. 1896. Sobre algunos reptiles de Patagonia y otras regiones argentinas. Revista Mus. La Plata 7: 447-457 - get paper here
  • Leynaud, Gerardo C. and Enrique H. Bucher 1999. La fauna de serpientes del Chaco Sudamericano: diversidad, distribución geografica y estado de conservación. Academia Nacional de Ciencias Miscelanea (98):1-46
  • Love, B. 2018. Western Herp Perspectives: Paraguay Reptilia 23 (131): 58-59
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • Minoli I, Morando M, Avila LJ 2015. Reptiles of Chubut province, Argentina: richness, diversity, conservation status and geographic distribution maps. ZooKeys 498: 103-126. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.498.7476 - get paper here
  • Müller,L. 1941. Über die in der Sammlung des zoologischen Institutes der Universität Halle a. Saale aufbewahrten Amphibien und Reptilientypen. [type catalogue] Zeitschr. f. Naturwiss. 94: 182-205
  • Scrocchi, G.J.; Moreta, J.C. & Kretzschmar, S. 2006. Serpientes del Noroeste Argento [Jujuy, Salta, Tucumán, Catamarca, La Rioja, Santiago del Estero]. Fundación Miguel Lillo, Tucumán, 178 pp.
  • Scrocchi, Gustavo J.; Cristian S. Abdala,Javier Nori, Hussam Zaher 2010. Reptiles de la provincia de Río Negro, Argentina Fondo Ed. Rionegrino, 249 pp.
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. Herpetologische Notizen. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss Wien 55: 263-273 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. Abhandlung über mehrere neue Reptilien aus Chile, Brasilien und Persien. Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien 1867: 40-41 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. New reptiles from Chili, Brazil, and Persia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 19: 228 - get paper here
  • Strathemann, U. 1983. Leimadophis viridis und Leimadophis sagittifer im Hydrokulturterrarium. Herpetofauna 5 (22): 23-25 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Williams,J.D. & Scrocchi, G.J. 1994. Fauna de agua dulce de la República Argentina. Vol. 42, Fasc. 3 - Ophidia, Lepidosauria. PROFADU (CONICET) La Plata: 1-55 [Universidad Nacional de La Plata] - get paper here
 
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