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Erythrolamprus vitti (DIXON, 2000)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymLiophis vitti DIXON 2000
Erythrolamprus vitti — GRAZZIOTIN et al. 2012
Liophis vitti — WALLACH et al. 2014: 387
Erythrolamprus vitti — TORRES-CARVAJAL & HINOJOSA 2020 
DistributionEcuador (Pacific Andean slopes near the Colombian border), Colombia (south to Nariño, near Ipiales and to Santafe)

Type locality: Maldonado, 1410 m, Carchi, Ecuador (0° 54’ N, 78° 06’ W).  
TypesHolotype: KU 179506 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Liophis vitti is distinguished from all other species of Liophis by the following combination of characters: presence of enclosed white marks in a wide (five and two adjacent half-scale rows) black middorsal body stripe from about the middle of the body to the tail; presence of a wide (one and two adjacent half-scale rows) black lateral stripe on scale rows 2–4 from about midbody to the tip of the tail, bordered above and below by a pale line; ventrals yellow to cream with widely scattered lateral black marks on ever y second or third ventral; subcaudals either immaculate yellow or with a narrow midventral black line; dorsal scale rows 17–17–15; dorsal scales with single apical pits. 
CommentDistribution: For a map see Sindaco et al. 2013. 
EtymologyNamed in honor of Laurie J. Vitt. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Dixon, J.R. 2000. Ecuadorian, Peruvian, and Bolivian snakes of the Liophis taeniurus complex with descriptions of two new species. Copeia 2000 (2): 482-490 - get paper here
  • Grazziotin, Felipe G.; Hussam Zaher, Robert W. Murphy, Gustavo Scrocchi, Marco A. Benavides, Ya-Ping Zhang and Sandro L. Bonatto 2012. Molecular phylogeny of the New World Dipsadidae (Serpentes: Colubroidea): a reappraisal. Cladistics DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00393.x - get paper here
  • Maigua-Salas, S; Betancourt, R & Yánez-Muñoz, M H; 2019. Erythrolamprus vitti Diet and behavior. Herpetological Review 50 (1): 156-157 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R.; Alberto Venchi & Cristina Grieco 2013. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic, Volume 2: Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Snakes of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia, with an Update to Volume 1. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 543 pp. - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, O. and Hinojosa, K. C. 2020. Hidden diversity in two widespread snake species (Serpentes: Xenodontini: Erythrolamprus) from South America. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 146: 106772
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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