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Eryx colubrinus (LINNAEUS, 1758)

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Erycinae), Henophidia, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesEryx colubrinus colubrinus (LINNAEUS, 1758)
Eryx colubrinus loveridgei STULL 1932 
Common NamesE: Sand Boa
G: (Ostafrikanische) Sandboa (loveridgei: Kenia-Sandboa) 
SynonymAnguis colubrina LINNAEUS 1758: 228
Eryx thebaicus REUSS 1834: 134
Eryx Thebaicus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 468
Eryx thebaicus — JAN 1864
Eryx jaculus - PARENTI & PICAGLIA 1886
Gongylophis thebaicus — BOULENGER 1892: 76
Eryx thebaicus — BOULENGER 1893: 125
Eryx thebaicus — BOULENGER 1896
Eryx loveridgei STULL 1932
Eryx rufescens AHL 1933
Eryx colubrinus — SOCHUREK 1979
Eryx (Neogongylophis) colubrinus — TOKAR 1989: 54
Gongylophis colubrinus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 210
Gongylophis colubrinus rufescens — JONES 2004
Eryx colubrinus — LANZA & NISTRI 2005
Eryx colubrinus — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 450

Eryx colubrinus loveridgei STULL 1932
Eryx thebaicus loveridgei STULL 1932: 29
Eryx colubrinus loveridgei — BOGERT 1942
Eryx colubrinus loveridgei — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 22
Eryx colubrinus loveridgei — JONES 2004 
DistributionEgypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Libya ?, Chad ?, Niger ?, Yemen ?, Tanzania, Somalia

loveridgei: Arid areas of Kenya and NE Tanzania at Kahe and Msembe near Ruaha National Park. Type locality: Mbunyuni, Kenya

Type locality: “Aegypto” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesType: presumed lost (LANZA & NISTRI 2005) 
Comment 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin colubrinus (masculine adjective; feminine: colubrina; neuter: colubrinum): having the qualities of a snake. 
References
  • Ahl,E. 1933. Zur Kenntnis der afrikanischen Wühlschlangen der Gattung Eryx. Sitzungsber. Ges. naturf. Freunde Berlin 30: 324
  • Akeret, B. 2008. Gefahrenpotenzial Riesenschlangen. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (72): 4-12 - get paper here
  • Arth, Steven & Sandra Baus 2011. Die Ostafrikanische Sandboa Gongylophis colubrinus. Natur und Tier Verlag, 64 pp. [review in Reptilia 95: 86] - get paper here
  • Bogert, Charles M. 1942. Snakes secured by the Snyder East African Expedition in Kenya Colony and Tanganyika Territory. American Museum Novitates (1178): 1-5 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1892. Description of a new snake from Nubia. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 9: 74-76 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1994. A collection of snakes from eastern Sudan, with the description of a new species of Telescopus Wagler, 1830 (Reptilia: Ophidia). Journal of African Zoology 108 (2): 201-208.
  • DATHE, F. 1985. Eryx colubrinus loveridgei Stull, 1932 Ostafrikanische Sandboa (Familie: Boidae, Riesenschlangen). Aqauarien Terrarien, Leipzig, 32 (10): 360
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1844. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.6. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 609 pp. - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1864. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 4. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. General Care and Maintenance of Sand Boas. Reptilia (GB) (34): 29-33 - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. Sandboas. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (47): 20-30 - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. Zur Haltung und Pflege von Sandboas. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (47): 31-34 - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. Sand Boas. Reptilia (GB) (34): 12-23 - get paper here
  • Kluge A G 1993. Calabaria and the phylogeny of erycine snakes. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 107 (4): 293-351
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Lanza, B.; Nistri, A. 2005. Somali Boidae (genus Eryx Daudin 1803) and Pythonidae (genus Python Daudin 1803) (Reptilia Serpentes). Tropical Zoology 18 (1): 67-136. - get paper here
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mutton, Nick 2012. Paradoxism. [color morphs]. HerpNation 2.5 (8): 12-17 - get paper here
  • Parenti,P. & Picaglia,L. 1886. Rettili e anfibi raccolti da Parenti nel viaggio di circumnavigazione della "Vettor Pisani" negli anni 1882-85, e da V. Ragazzi sulle coste del Mar Rosso e dell'America meridionale negli anni 1879-84. Atti della Società dei Naturalisti e Matematici, Modena (3) 5: 26-98
  • Reuss, A. 1834. Zoologische Miscellen. Reptilien, Ophidier. [Coluber albiventris, Echis pavo]. Mus. Senckenbergiana, Frankfurt/M., 1: 129-162. - get paper here
  • Scortecci, G. 1932. Rettili dello Yemen. Atti soc. Ital. Sci.Nat. 71: 39-49 - get paper here
  • Sochurek,E. 1979. Die Schlangen Nordafrikas. Mitt. Zool. Ges. Braunau 3 (8/9): 219-226
  • Sorensen, D. 1987. The genus Eryx. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 23(2):21-25 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147]
  • Stull, O.G. 1932. Five new subspecies of the family Boidae. Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. nat. Hist. 8: 25-29 - get paper here
  • Tokar A A. 1995. Taxonomic revision of the genus Gongylophis Wagler 1830: G. conicus (Schneider 1801) and G. muelleri Boulenger 1892 (Serpentes Boidae). TROPICAL ZOOLOGY 8 (2): 347-360.
  • Tokar A A. 1996. Taxonomic revision of the genus Gongylophis Wagler 1830: G. colubrinus (L. 1758) (Serpentes Boidae). TROPICAL ZOOLOGY 9 (1): 1-17.
  • Tracer, D. P 1996. Observations on age at sexual maturity and captive reproduction in the East African Sand Boa - Gongylophis colubrinus loveridgei. Reptile & Amphibian Magazine (Feb 1996): 46-51
  • Trape, J.-F. & Mane, Y. 2006. Guide des serpents d’Afrique occidentale. Savane et désert. [Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger]. IRD Editions, Paris, 226 pp. - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
 
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