You are here » home advanced search Eryx jaculus

Eryx jaculus (LINNAEUS, 1758)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Eryx jaculus?

Add your own observation of
Eryx jaculus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaBoidae (Erycinae, Erycidae), Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesEryx jaculus jaculus (LINNAEUS 1758)
Eryx jaculus turcicus (OLIVIER 1801) 
Common NamesE: Javelin Sand Boa
G: (Westliche) Sandboa 
SynonymAnguis Jaculus LINNAEUS 1758: 228
Eryx jaculus — REUSS 1834: 133
Eryx jaculus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 463
Eryx jaculus — BOULENGER 1892: 75
Eryx jaculus — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 473
Eryx jaculus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 205
Eryx jaculus — KWET & TRAPP 2015
Eryx jaculus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 288

Eryx jaculus jaculus (LINNAEUS 1758)
Eryx cerastes DAUDIN 1803
Eryx jaculus — DAUDIN 1803: 257
Eryx jaculus — BOULENGER 1893: 125
Eryx jaculus jaculus — CAREVSKY 1916
Eryx jaculus jaculus — ENGELMANN et al 1993

Eryx jaculus turcicus (OLIVIER 1801)
Boa turcica OLIVIER 1801: 199
Eryx familiaris EICHWALD 1831: 176
Eryx turcicus — REUSS 1834: 132
Eryx jaculus var. teherana JAN 1865: 73
Eryx jaculus familiaris — CZAREVSKY 1916
Eryx jaculus proprius CZAREVSKY 1916
Eryx jaculus urmianus ROSTOMBEKOV 1928
Eryx jaculus familiaris — STIMSON 1969
Eryx turcicus — SCHNEIDER 1983
Eryx jaculus familiaris EICHWALD 1831
Eryx jaculus turcicus — JONES 2004 
Distributionjaculus: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Israel, Syria, east to the Suez Canal; Romania, Italy (Sicily)

turcicus: SE Europe including Mediterranean islands (Corfu = Corfou etc., Asia Minor, Caucasus, east to Iran and Iraq; Jordan, N Saudi Arabia; Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece (incl. Limnos, Paros, Antiparos, Kalymnos, Corfu = Corfou, Lesbos, Chios, Samos, Milos: Kimolos, Patmos, Leros), Soviet Union, Asia Minor, S Russia, S Armenia, E Republic of Georgia, Azerbaijan.

Type locality: near Baku, Azerbaijan (“Egypt” fide STIMSON 1969)
Lectotype locality: Rosette (now Rashid), Nile delta, Egypt (fide Erik Åhlander, pers. comm. 10 May 2012). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: presumed lost fide KLUGE 1993
Syntypes: NRM (Swedish Museum of Natural History); lectotype: NRM 12 (desgnated by Amatoly Tokar), collected by Fredric Hasselquist on 3 July 1750 (fide Erik Åhlander, pers. comm. 10 May 2012). 
CommentDistribution: Reports from Cyprus questionable (BAIER et al. 2009 and pers. comm.). The northeastern populations of E. elegans are conspecific with E. jaculus (ESKANDARZADEH et al. 2013, Rastegar-Pouyani et al. 2014).

Subspecies: Tokar and Obst (1993) have shown that the Caucasus population of E. jaculus, described by Eichwald (1831) as E. familiaris and recognized by Czarevsky (1916) as a subspecies of E. jaculus, is not distinguishable from southeast European-Turkish populations, heretofore referred to as E. j. turcicus.

Synonymy: McDIARMID et al. (1999) list Boa turcica as a synonym of E. jaculus.

Type species: Boa turcica OLIVIER 1801 is the type species of the genus Eryx DAUDIN 1803 (designated by FITZINGER 1843).

Type genus. Eryx Daudin 1803 is the type genus (and sole genus) of the family Erycidae Bonaparte 1831 (Pyron et al. 2014). 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): The genus name derives from the Latin Eryx (genitive Ery- cis), the name of a mountain in the NW corner of Sicily, with a famous temple to Venus at its top; also an eponymous hero, son of Venus, defeated by Heracles in a boxing-match. According to GOTCH (1986: 128) «There is probably no special reason for this generic name» as a number of names from classical mythology has been used «without thought of any physical significance». The gender of the genus is masculine [from LANZA & NISTRI 2005]. 
References
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see http://goo.gl/81SBPv]
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Arakelyan, Marine S.; Felix D. Danielyan, Claudia Corti, Roberto Sindaco, and Alan E. Leviton 2011. The Herpetofauna of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 154 pp. [ISBN: 978-0-916984-84-7.]
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Beddard, Frank E. 1904. Preliminary note on certain points in the anatomy of Eryx and other Boidae, partly indicative of their basal position among the Ophidia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 13 (75): 233-236 - get paper here
  • Bellairs, A.; Shute, C.C.D. 1954. Notes on the herpetology of an Algerian beach. Copeia 1954 (3): 224-226 - get paper here
  • Berger-Dell'mour, H. 1986. Zur Herpetofauna des Golan [Syria]. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. in Wien (Ser. B) 87: 59-67. - get paper here
  • Beshkov, V & Nanev, K 2006. The Amphibians and Reptiles in Bulgaria. Pensoft Series Faunistica 46, 120 pp.
  • Boettger, O. [as O. Böttger] 1880. Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Syrien, Palaestina und Cypern. Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., Frankfurt/M., 1879-1880: 132-219 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1892. Description of a new snake from Nubia. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 9: 74-76 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1913. The snakes of Europe. Methusen & Co. Ltd, London, 151 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1891. Catalogue of the reptiles and batrachians of Barbary (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia), based chiefly upon the notes and collections made in 1880-1884 by M. Fernand Lataste. Tr. Zool. Soc. 13: 93-164
  • Broggi, Mario F. 2014. The herpetofauna of Kimolos (Milos Archipelago, Greece). Herpetozoa 27 (1/2): 102-103
  • Careysky 1916. Ezheg. zool. Muz., St. Petersburg, 20: 376, 380
  • Cogălniceanu, Dan; Laurentiu Rozylowicz, Paul Székely, Ciprian Samoilă, Florina Stănescu, Marian Tudor, Diana Székely, Ruben Iosif 2013. Diversity and distribution of reptiles in Romania. ZooKeys 341 (2013): 49-76 - get paper here
  • Covaciu-Marcov, Severus D.; Sára Ferenți, Alfred S. Cicort-Lucaciu, István Sas 2012. Eryx jaculus (Reptilia, Boidae) north of Danube: a road-killed specimen from Romania. Acta Herpetologica 7 (1): 41-47 - get paper here
  • Daudin 1802. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Reptiles. vol. 7. Paris: Dufart [1802], 436 pp.
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1844. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.6. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 609 pp. - get paper here
  • Edelman, M. & Frank, R. 2007. Herpetologische waarnemingen op Lesbos (Griekenland). Lacerta 65 (1): 4-15 - get paper here
  • Egan, D. 2007. Snakes of Arabia. Motivate Publishing, Dubai, 208 pp.
  • Eichwald, E. 1831. Zoologia specialis, quam expositis animalibus tum vivis, tum fossilibus potissimuni rossiae in universum, et poloniae in specie, in usum lectionum publicarum in Universitate Caesarea Vilnensi. Zawadski, Vilnae. - get paper here
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • ESKANDARZADEH, Naeimeh;, Jamshid DARVISH, Eskandar RASTEGAR-POUYANI, Fereshteh GHASSEMZADEH 2013. Reevaluation of the taxonomic status of sand boas of the genus Eryx (Daudin, 1803) (Serpentes: Boidae) in northeastern Iran. Turkish Journal of Zoology 37: 348-356 - get paper here
  • Esterbauer,H. 1985. Zur Herpetofauna Südwestsyriens. Herpetofauna 7 (38): 23-34 - get paper here
  • Fathnia, B.; N. Rastegar Pouyani; H. Darvishnia; M. Rajabzadeh 2010. The snake fauna of Ilam Province, southwestern Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 6 (1) - get paper here
  • Frynta,D. et al. 1997. Results of the Czech biological expedition to Iran. Part 1. Notes on the distribution of amphibians and reptiles. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 61: 3-17
  • Göçmen, Bayram; Mehmet K. Atatür; Abidin Budak; Hasan Bahar; Mehmet Zülfü Yildiz; Nurşen Alpagut-Keskin 2009. Taxonomic notes on the snakes of Northern Cyprus, with observations on their morphologies and ecologies. Animal Biology 59: 1–30 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. 2015. Eryx jaculus (javelin sand boa) reproduction. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 448
  • Gruber,U. & Fuchs,D. 1977. Die Herpetofauna des Paros-Archipels (Zentral-Ägäis). Salamandra 13 (2): 60-77
  • Insacco, Gianni; Filippo Spadola, Salvatore Russotto, Dino Scaravelli 2015. Eryx jaculus (Linnaeus, 1758): a new species for the Italian herpetofauna (Squamata: Erycidae). Acta Herpetologica 10 (2):149-153 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1864. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 4. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 10. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. Zur Vermehrung eurasischer Sandboas: Eryx jaculus, Eryx miliaris und Eryx tataricus. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (47): 35-39 - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. Zur Haltung und Pflege von Sandboas. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (47): 31-34 - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. Sandboas. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (47): 20-30 - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. Breeding Eurasian Sand boas: Eryx jaculus, Eryx miliaris und Eryx tataricus. Reptilia (GB) (34): 24-28 - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. Sand Boas. Reptilia (GB) (34): 12-23 - get paper here
  • Kasapidis, Panagiotis;Provatidou, Sofia;Maragou, Panagiota;Valakos, Efstratios D. 1996. Neue Daten über die Herpetofauna von Lesbos (ägäische Inseln, Griechenland) und einige biogeographische Bemerkungen über die Inseln des nordöstlichen ägäischen Archipels. Salamandra 32 (3): 171-180
  • Kasparek, M. 1990. Zur Herpetofauna des Beckens von Köycegiz, Türkei (Dalyan-Region). Salamandra 26 (2/3): 155-164
  • Kluge A G 1993. Calabaria and the phylogeny of erycine snakes. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 107 (4): 293-351
  • Krecsák, László and Alexandru Iftime. 2006. A review of the records of the Sand boa Eryx jaculus in Romania. Herpetological Bulletin 98: 31-34 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel 2012. 100 Jahre Herpetologia Europaea. Terraria Elaphe 2012 (3): 107-111 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Machts, Tobias 2010. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Peloponnes-Halbinsel. Draco 11 (42): 65-72
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mediani, Mohamed; José Carlos Brito, Soumia Fahd  2015. Atlas of the amphibians and reptiles of northern Morocco: updated distribution and patterns of habitat selection. Basic and Applied Herpetology 29: - get paper here
  • Méhely,L. 1894. Beiträge zur Herpetologie Transkaukasiens und Armeniens (Teil 1+2). Zool. Anz. 17: 78-80, 81-86 - get paper here
  • Olivier, G.A. 1801. VOYAGE dans L'EMPIRE OTHOMAN, L'ÉGYPTE ET LA PERSE, Fait par ordre du Gouvernement, pendant les six premières années de la République; Tome 2nd, Chapitre VIII. ATLAS POUR SERVIR AU VOYAGE DANS L'EMPIRE OTHOMAN, L'ÉGYPTE ET LA PERSE, FAIT PAR ORDRE DU GOUVERNEMENT, PENDANT LES SIX PREMIERES ANNEES DE LA RÉPUBLIQUE; plate 16, pp. 199 - 200 - get paper here
  • Petrov B. P., N. Tzankov, H. Strijbosch, G. Popgeorgiev, V. Beshkov 2006. The herpetofauna (Amphibia and Reptilia) of the Western Rhodopes mountain (Bulgaria and Greece). In: Beron P. (ed.). Biodiversity of Bulgaria. 3. Biodiversity of Western Rhodopes (Bulgaria and Greece) I. Pensoft & Nat. Mus. Natur. Hist., Sofia, pp. 863-912
  • Pieh, Alexander 2006. New record of Eryx jaculus jaculus (Linnaeus, 1758) in Morocco. Herpetozoa 19 (1/2):93-94. - get paper here
  • Pyron, R. Alexander; Reynolds, R. Graham & Frank T. Burbrink 2014. A Taxonomic Revision of Boas (Serpentes: Boidae). Zootaxa 3846 (2): 249–260
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Reuss, A. 1834. Zoologische Miscellen. Reptilien, Ophidier. [Coluber albiventris, Echis pavo]. Mus. Senckenbergiana, Frankfurt/M., 1: 129-162. - get paper here
  • Roussos, Stephanos A. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Eryx jaculus (Javelin Sand Boa). Herpetological Review 47 (2): 262
  • SANDERS, KATE L.; ARNE R. RASMUSSEN, JOHAN ELMBERG, MUMPUNI, MICHAEL GUINEA, PETER BLIAS, MICHAEL S.Y. LEE & BRYAN G. FRY 2012. Aipysurus mosaicus, a new species of egg-eating sea snake (Elapidae: Hydrophiinae), with a redescription of Aipysurus eydouxii (Gray, 1849). Zootaxa 3431: 1–18 - get paper here
  • Schleich, H.H. 1987. Contributions to the herpetology of Kouf National Park (NE-Libya) and adjacent areas. Spixiana 10 (1): 37-80. - get paper here
  • Schleich, H.H., Kästle,W., Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein, 627 pp.
  • Schlüter, U. 2006. Die Herpetofauna der bulgarischen Schwarzmeerküste - Teil 3: Schlangen. Elaphe 14 (2): 59-66
  • Schlüter, U. 2009. Die Schlangenfauna Europas. Draco 10 (39): 4-21 - get paper here
  • Schneider, B. 1983. Zur Herpetofauna der Inseln Kalymnos undTelentos (Dodekanes, Ägäis). Salamandra 19 (1/2): 61-70
  • Schneider,B. 1986. Zur Herpetofauna der Insel Limnos (Hellespontische Inseln, Nordägäis, Griechenland). Salamandra 22 (4): 276-280
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554.
  • Sochurek,E. 1979. Die Schlangen Nordafrikas. Mitt. Zool. Ges. Braunau 3 (8/9): 219-226
  • Sorensen, D. 1987. The genus Eryx. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 23(2):21-25 - get paper here
  • Sos, T. 2008. Review of recent taxonomic and nomenclatural changes in European Amphibia and Reptilia related to Romanian herpetofauna. Herpetologica Romanica 2: 61-91
  • Stemmler, O. 1958. Eryx jaculus turcicus Olivier — die europäische Riesenschlange. Z. Vivaristik 4: 89-100.
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Tokar, A.A. 1991. A revision of the subspecies structure of javelin sand boa, Eryx jaculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Reptilia, Boidae). Herpetological Researches (1):18-41
  • Tokar,A. & Obst,F.J. 1993. Eryx jaculus - Westliche Sandboa. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 3/I., Schlangen (Serpentes) I. Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden, pp. 35-54
  • Tóth, Tamás, László Krecsák, Thomas Madsen and Beáta Újvári 2002. Herpetofaunal locality records on the Greek Islands of Corfu (Amphibia, Reptilia). Herpetozoa 15 (3/4):149-169 - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2007. Reptilien und Amphibien des griechischen Festlandes. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 300 pp. - get paper here
  • Trutnau, L. 1975. Europaische Amphibien und Reptilien. Belser Verlag, Stuttgart 212 pp.
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Wall, F. 1909. Extension of the habitat of the Sand Snake (Eryx jaculus). J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 19: 1000 - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1908. Notes on a collection of snakes from Persia. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 795-805 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1917. Reptilien aus Persien (Provinz Fars). Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 67:191—220. - get paper here
  • Wirth, Michael 2010. Ein Leben im Verborgenen – die Westliche Sandboa, Eryx jaculus. Draco 11 (42): 73-77
  • Wütschert, R. 1984. Neues uber die Reptilienfauna der Insel Korfu. Salamandra 20 (4): 221-228.
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator