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Eryx johnii (RUSSELL, 1801)

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Erycinae), Henophidia, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesEryx johnii johnii (RUSSELL 1801)
Eryx johnii persicus NIKOLSKI 1907 
Common NamesE: Brown Sand Boa, Indian Sand Boa, Red Sand Boa
G: Indische Sandboa; persicus: Persische Sandboa 
SynonymBoa Johnii RUSSELL 1801
Boa anguiformis SCHNEIDER 1801: 269
Clothonia Johnii — GRAY 1842: 45
Eryx Johnii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 458
Eryx maculatus HALLOWELL 1848: 184
Eryx duvaucelii, D’ORBIGNY 1849 (fide MCDIARMID, pers. comm. 19 Aug 2011)
Eryx johnii BOULENGER 1893: 127
Eryx johni johni — SMITH 1943
Eryx johnii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 206
Eryx johnii johnii — MURTHY 2010

Eryx johnii persicus NIKOLSKI 1907
Eryx johnii persicus — JONES 2004 
DistributionAfghanistan, Pakistan, Iran
India (Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra [A. Captain, pers. Comm.], Punjab [Dino Aulakh, pers. comm.], Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh)

Type locality: Tranquebar [= Tanjore district, SE Madras, India] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesSyntypes: unlocated fide MCDIARMID et al. 1999 
  • Baig, KJ, Masroor, R., and Arshad, M. 2008. Biodiversity and ecology of the herpetofauna of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. Russian Journal of Herpetology 15 (3): 193-205 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1892. Description of a new snake from Nubia. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 9: 74-76 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1844. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.6. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 609 pp. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1842. Synopsis of the species of prehensile-tailed snakes, or family Boidae. Zool. Misc. 2: 41-46
  • Hallowell,E. 1848. Description of a species of Eryx, from Madras. Proc. Acad. nat. Sci., Philadelphia, 1848: 184 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1864. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 4. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. Sandboas. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (47): 20-30 - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. Zur Haltung und Pflege von Sandboas. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (47): 31-34 - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. Sand Boas. Reptilia (GB) (34): 12-23 - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. General Care and Maintenance of Sand Boas. Reptilia (GB) (34): 29-33 - get paper here
  • Joseph, P.; Mathew, J.P.; Thomas, V.C. 2005. Morphological variables and osteology of vertebrae and ribs in Natrix piscator (Schneider), Naja naja (Linn.) and Eryx johnii. Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology 25 (2): 183-194
  • Khaire, A.;Khaire, N. 1987. A report on the occurence of hybrid between Eryx conicus (Schneider) and Eryx johnii (Russell) Hamadryad 12 (2): 7 - get paper here
  • Kluge A G 1993. Calabaria and the phylogeny of erycine snakes. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 107 (4): 293-351
  • Kumar, P.S.;Rao, A.P.K.;Vatsala, T.M. 1995. Biochemical basis for the differentiation of the two nonpoisonous snakes Eryx conicus Schneider and Eryx johnii Russell (family: Boidae) Current Science 69 (3): 258-262
  • Love, Bill 2013. Boa-Fantasien Reptilia (Münster) 18 (101): 72-74 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Minton, S. A. Jr. 1966. A contribution to the herpetology of West Pakistan. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 134: 29-184.
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Ravichandran, B. & Manju Siliwal 2010. Snakes of Rameshwaram Reptile Rap (9): 2-4 - get paper here
  • Russell 1801. A continuation of an account of Indian serpents: containing descriptions and figures from specimens and drawings, transmitted from various parts of India to the hon. Court of Directors of the East Indian Company. Volume 2. London, W. Bulmer and Co., 53 pp. [1801-1810]
  • Saikia, U.; Sharma, D.K. & Sharma, R.M. 2007. Checklist of the Reptilian fauna of Himachal Pradesh, India. Reptile Rap (8): 6-9 - get paper here
  • Schneider, JOHANN GOTTLOB 1801. Historiae Amphibiorum naturalis et literariae. Fasciculus secundus continens Crocodilos, Scincos, Chamaesauras, Boas. Pseudoboas, Elapes, Angues. Amphisbaenas et Caecilias. Frommani, Jena. 374 pp.
  • Shah,K.B. 1999. New records and distribution of some herpetofauna of Nepal. J. Nat. Hist. Mus., Kathmandu 18: 99-111
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Singh, Lalji; Ian F. Purdom and Kenneth W. Jones 1979. Behaviour of sex chromosome associated satellite DNAs in somatic and germ cells in snakes Chromosoma 71 (2): 167-181
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Sorensen, D. 1987. The genus Eryx. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 23(2):21-25 - get paper here
  • VYAS, R. 2012. Bemerkungen zum Handel und dessen Auswirkungen auf die Rote Sandboa (Eryx johnii johnii) in Gujarat, Indien Sauria 34 (2): 3-8 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Herptofauna of Puma Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India Reptile Rap (8): 10-15 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2011. Reptilian diversity in and around the Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India Reptile Rap (11): 5-15 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2011. Priliminary Survey on Reptiles of Jassore Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat State, India. Russian Journal of Herpetology 18 (3): 210-214 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2013. Snake diversity and voluntary rescue practice in the cities of Gujarat State, India: an evaluation Reptile Rap (15): 27-39 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju; Viral Prajapati, Dikansh Parmar 2012. The Case of Incomplete Albinism in Indian Red Sand Boa Eryx johnii johnii (Russell, 1801) (Reptilia: Serpentes: Boidae) Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (4): 299-302 - get paper here
  • Whitaker, Romulus<br />and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp. - get paper here
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