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Eublepharis macularius (BLYTH, 1854)

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Higher TaxaEublepharidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesEublepharis macularius afghanicus BÖRNER 1976
Eublepharis macularius fasciolatus GÜNTHER 1864
Eublepharis macularius macularius BLYTH 1854
Eublepharis macularius montanus BÖRNER 1976
Eublepharis macularius smithi BÖRNER 1981 
Common NamesE: Common Leopard Gecko, Spotted fat-tailed gecko
G: Leopardgecko, Pakistanischer Fettschwanzgecko 
SynonymCyrtodactylus macularius BLYTH 1854: 738
Eublepharis fasciolatus GÜNTHER 1864: 429 (fide SMITH 1935)
Eublepharis macularius — BOULENGER 1885: 232
Eublepharis macularius — BOULENGER 1890
Eublepharis macularius — SMITH 1935: 127
Eublepharis macularius — WERMUTH 1965: 29
Cyrtodactylus madarensis SHARMA 1980
Eublepharis gracilis BÖRNER 1974
Eublepharis macularius — KLUGE 1993
Eublepharis cf. macularius — ANDERSON 1999
Eublepharis macularius — RÖSLER 2000: 78
Eublepharis macularius — SEUFER et al. 2005 
DistributionE Afghanistan, Pakistan, NW India (Rajasthan, Ajmer, Madar foot hills, Punhab, Jammu), E Iran (fide CARRIÓN et al. 2003).

Type locality: Salt Range, Punjab. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
ReproductionE. macularius shows  
TypesHolotype: ZSI 6224 
CommentSynonymy: Cyrtodactylus madarensis Sharma, 1980 is a subjective synonym of Eublepharis macularius (Blyth, 1854), according to Das (1990). Grismer (in ESTES & PREGILL 1988) synonymized E. gracilis and E. afghanicus with E. macularius. Eublepharis macularius fuscus BÖRNER 1981 has been elevated to full species status by DAS 1997.

Distribution: No confirmed records from Iran fide RASTEGAR-POUYANI et al. 2008. See map in Mirza et al. 2014.

Hybridization: Eublepharis macularius and E. angramainyu can be crosed and F1 hybrids were viable and fertile. The examined hybrids (except those of the F2 generation) displayed neither malformations nor a reduced survival (Jančúchová-Lásková et al. 2015).

Genomics: this is one of the species selected by the Genome 10K consortium for complete genome sequencing. 
References
  • Abraham, G. 1983. Pflege und Zucht verschiedener Bodengeckoarten unter gleichen Haltungsbedingungen. Sauria 5 (2): 5-11 - get paper here
  • Abraham, G. 1986. Eublepharis macularius (BLYTH, 1854). Sauria 8 (1) Suppl.: 033–034 - get paper here
  • Anderson, J. 1871. On some Indian reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1871: 149-211 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144]
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  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Bonke, René; Wolfgang Böhme, Kay Opiela and Dennis Rödder. 2011. A remarkable case of cannibalism in juvenile Leopard Geckos, Eublepharis macularius (Blyth, 1854) (Squamata: Eublepharidae). Herpetology Notes 4: 211-212. - get paper here
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  • Brillet, C., 1991. Analyse comparative de la structure du comportement sexuel chez deux especes de geckos nocturnes: Eublepharis macularius et Paroedura pictus (Sauria, Gekkonidae). Behaviour 117, 117–143
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  • Jančúchová-Lásková J, Landová E, Frynta D 2015. Experimental Crossing of Two Distinct Species of Leopard Geckos, Eublepharis angramainyu and E. macularius: Viability, Fertility and Phenotypic Variation of the Hybrids. PLoS ONE 10(12): e0143630. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0143630 - get paper here
  • Janes, E.E. & Wayne, M.L. 2006. Evidence for a genotype x environment interaction in sex-determining response to incubation temperature in the Leopard Gecko, Eublepharis macularius. Herpetologica 62 (1): 56-62 - get paper here
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  • Mirza, Zeeshan A.; Rajesh V. Sanap, David Raju, Atish Gawai, and Prathamesh Ghadekar 2014. A new species of lizard of the genus Eublepharis (Squamata: Eublepharidae) from India. Phyllomedusa 13 (2): 75-90 - get paper here
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