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Eublepharis turcmenicus DAREVSKY, 1977

IUCN Red List - Eublepharis turcmenicus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaEublepharidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Turkmenistan (or Turkmenian) Eyelid Gecko
G: Turkmenischer Leopardgecko 
SynonymEublepharis turcmenicus DAREVSKY in BANNIKOV et al. 1977
Eublepharis turkmenicus DAREVSKY 1978 (invalid emendation)
Eublepharis macularius (BLYTH 1854)
Cyrtodactylus macularius BLYTH 1854
Eublepharis turcmenicus — KLUGE 1993
Eublepharis turcmenicus — RÖSLER 2000: 78
Eublepharis turcmenicus — KAVERKIN in SEUFER et al. 2005
Eublepharis turcmenicus — NASRABADI et al. 2017 
Distributionformer USSR (Province Turkman Kopetdag), Kyrgyzstan,
S Turkmenistan (Kopetdagh, Turkmen-Khorasan Mountains),
N Iran (east of the Caspian Sea, south to Razavi Khorasan)

Type locality: near Ashkhabad, Turkmenistan; Bakharden, Kopet Dag, Turkmenistan fide ANDERSON 1999. Vicinity of Baharly (formerly Bäherden), Kopetdag, Turkmenistan (fide Igor Doronin, pers. comm., 23 Aug 2016).  
TypesHolotype: ZISP (ZIL) 10103, adult male 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Anderson 1999: 122. 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). The original proposal of Eublepharis turcmenicus was published in 1977, but a full, formal description, including the type locality and holotype designation, was published by Darevsky only in 1978 (Darevsky, 1978).

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality in Turkmenistan 
  • Ananjeva, N. & Orlov, N. 2005. Lizards of North Eurasia. Reptilia (GB) (38): 54-63 - get paper here
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Auer, Markus; Susann Richter and Ali Khani 2008. A new record of the Turkmenian Fat-Tailed Gecko, Eublepharis turcmenicus Darevsky, 1978, from north-eastern Iran (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zoology in the Middle East 45: - get paper here
  • Darevsky, l. S. 1977. Eublepharis turcmenicus. Pp. 83-84. In Bannikov, A. G., l. S. Darevsky, V. G. Ishchenko, A. K. Rustamov, and N. N. Shcherbak. Guide to the amphibian and reptilian fauna of the USSR [in Russian]. Prosveshchenie, Moscow. - get paper here
  • Darevsky, l. S. 1978. About the gecko genus Eublepharis occuring in Middle Asia [in Russian]. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute, Academia of Science, USSR, 61:204—209.
  • Davletbakov, A. T.; L. A. Kustareva, D. A. Milko, A. N. Ostastshenko, S. S. Sagymbaev, S. A. Toropov, N. V. Trotchenko 2015. Genetical Fund Cadastre of Kyrgyz Republic. Vol. IV. Phylum Chordata (chordates). Bishkek, 128 p. + XXXVI color tables - get paper here
  • Grismer,L.L. 1991. Cladistic relationships of the lizard Eublepharis turcmenicus (Squamata: Eublepharidae). Journal of Herpetology 25 (2): 251-253 - get paper here
  • Henkel, F.W. & Schmidt,W. 2009. Leopardgeckos. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster),156 pp. - get paper here
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • Kami; Reza Babaei Savasari 2018. New Records of the Turkmenian Fat- Tailed Gecko, Eublepharis turcmenicus Darevsky, 1978, From Razavi Khorasan province, Iran (Squamata: Eublepharidae). Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics - get paper here
  • Kaverkin, Y.I.; Orlov, N.L. 1996. Experience of Captive Breeding of Eublepharis turcmenicus. Russ. J. Herpetol. 3 (1): 97-99 - get paper here
  • NASRABADI, REZA; NASRULLAH RASTEGAR-POUYANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI, AHMAD GHARZI 2017. A revised key to the lizards of Iran (Reptilia: Squamata: Lacertilia). Zootaxa 4227 (3): 431–443 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Rösler, H. 1999. Paläarktische Geckos (Reptilia: Gekkota). Teil II: Eublepharis turcmenicus DAREVSKY 1978. Sauria 21 (3): 21-26 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, H. & N. N. Szczerbak 1992. Die Jugendentwicklung von Eublepharis turcmenicus DAREWSKIJ, 1978 im Terrarium. Salamandra 28 (3-4): 275-278 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1997. Paläarktische Geckos (Reptilia: Gekkota) Teil I: Historischer Überblick, Geographie und Klima, Verbreitung. Sauria 19 (1): 17-28 - get paper here
  • Seufer, H.; Y. Kaverkin & A. Kirschner (eds.) 2005. Die Lidgeckos. Kirschner und Seufer Verlag, 238 pp.
  • Shcherbak, N. N. [= Szczerbak], and M. L. Golubev 1996. Gecko fauna of the USSR and contiguous regions. SSAR [Russian original published in 1986]. [book review in Salamandra 36 (2): 138]
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • YOUSEFKHANI, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN & HOSSEIN NABIZADEH. 2022. Response to the future climate change effect of two leopard geckos’ distribution (Sauria: Eublepharidae) in Iran. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity 15(3): 354-358. - get paper here
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