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Eulamprus kosciuskoi (KINGHORN, 1932)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Alpine Meadow-skink, Alpine Water Skink 
SynonymLygosoma (Hinulia) quoyi kosciuskoi KINGHORN 1932
Sphenomorphus kosciuskoi — DONE & HEATWOLE 1977
Sphenomorphus kosciuskoi — COGGER 1983: 185
Costinisauria kosciuskoi — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 27
Costinisauria worrelli — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 27
Sphenomorphus kosciuskoi — HENLE & OSBORNE 1986
Eulamprus kosciuskoi — FRANK & RAMUS 1995
Eulamprus kosciuskoi — COGGER 2000: 485
Eulamprus kosciuskoi — COUPER et al. 2006: 380
Costinisauria couperi WELLS 2009
Eulamprus kosciuskoi — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland)

Type locality: Mt. Kosciusko, elevation 5,000 ft (> 1400 m), N. S. W.  
TypesHolotype: AMS (AM) R4654 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A small water skink (largest adult 86 mm snout-vent) distinguished from all but E. leuraensis by the presence of a black vertebral stripe. Said to differ from E. leuraensis by its paler dorsal colouring (including weakly marked head), broader paravertebral stripes and pale-spotted black lateral pattern stopping at the midlateral level rather than extending to the ventrolateral angle of the trunk (Shea & Peterson, 1985, cited in Hutchinson & Rawlinson 1995: 198). 
CommentType species: Lygosoma (Hinulia) quoyi kosciuskoi KINGHORN 1932 is the type species of the genus Costinisauria WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985.

Synonymy: partly fide SHEA & SADLIER 1999, and Glen Shea, pers. comm. 19 March 2013, 3 Apr 2013.

Phylogenetics: Eulamprus leuraensis and certain populations of E. kosciuskoi are paraphyletic (Pepper et al. 2018).

Distribution: see map in Pepper et al. 2018: Fig. 2.

Limb morphology: 5 digits, 5 toes (Singhal et al. 2018, Skinner 2010) 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Done, B.S. & Heatwole, H. 1977. Social Behavior of Some Australian Skinks. Copeia 1977 (3): 419-430 - get paper here
  • Henle, K. & Osborne, W. S. 1986. Herpetologische Spaziergänge im Kosciusko-Nationalpark/Australien. Herpetofauna 8 (40): 28-33 - get paper here
  • Hutchinson, M.N & P.A. Rawlinson 1995. The water skinks (Lacertilia: Eulamprus) of Victoria and South Australia. Records of the South Australian Museum 28(2): 185–207
  • Kinghorn, J. R. 1932. Herpetological notes 4. Rec. Austral. Mus. 18: 335-363 - get paper here
  • PEARSON, H.E. & SHEA, G.M. 2008. First record of the alpine Water Skink, Eulamprus kosciuskoi (Kinghorn, 1932) (Squamata: Scincidae) from Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 52 (2): 238 - get paper here
  • Pepper, Mitzy; Joanna Sumner Ian G. Brennan Kate Hodges Alan R. Lemmon Emily Moriarty Lemmon Garry Peterson Daniel L. Rabosky Lin Schwarzkopf Ian A. W. Scott Glenn Shea J. Scott Keogh 2018. Speciation in the mountains and dispersal by rivers: Molecular phylogeny of Eulamprus water skinks and the biogeography of Eastern Australia. Journal of Biogeography 45: 2040– 2052 - get paper here
  • Rawlinson, P.A. 1969. The reptiles of East Gippsland. Proc. R. Soc. Vict. 82: 113-128
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation. The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Mark N. Hutchinson, Michael S.Y. Lee 2013. Phylogeny and Divergence Times of Australian Sphenomorphus Group Skinks (Scincidae, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3): 906–918 - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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