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Eumeces cholistanensis MASROOR, 2009

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymEumeces cholistanensis MASROOR 2009
Novoeumeces cholistanensis — KHAN 2017 
DistributionPakistan (Punjab: Cholistan Desert, Bahawalpur district)

Type locality: at Baghdad-i-Jadeed Campus, Islamia University Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab province,
Pakistan (29º22΄43˝ N, 71º46΄10˝ E), at an elevation of about 93 m, by Mr. Sarwar on January 04, 2002.  
TypesHolotype: PMNH (Pakistan Museum of Natural History) 984 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Large-sized skink, with a dorsal pattern of seven dark brown stripes separated by alternating light narrower stripes, extending on to the tail; nasal scale chiefly contacting the first supralabial while slightly touching the second; no postnasal; Interparietal and frontal of the same shape, the length of former more than half the length of latter; two azygous postmentals; 54–57 scales in paired middorsal row of wider scales; 64–67 scales from postmental to anal scale; posterior loreal and presubocular longer than deep; no intercalary scales between subdigital lamellae. 
CommentHabitat: sandy areas with sparse vegetation.

Sympatry: sympatric with the much more common Eurylepis taeniolatus.

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). This is one of the species called 'lost' and 'rediscovered' by Lindken et al. 2024. 
EtymologyThe name cholistanensis refers to the part of the Cholistan desert lying on the eastern side of the Indus River and southeastern side of the Sutlej River, southeastern Punjab, Pakistan, from where the species was collected. 
  • FAIZI, HIVA; NASRULLAH RASTEGAR-POUYANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI, ROMAN NAZAROV, NASTARAN HEIDARI, BAHMAN ZANGI, VALENTINA ORLOVA, NIKOLAI POYARKOV 2017. A new species of Eumeces Wiegmann 1834 (Sauria: Scincidae) from Iran. Zootaxa 4320 (2): 289–304 - get paper here
  • Lindken T.; Anderson, C. V., Ariano-Sánchez, D., Barki, G., Biggs, C., Bowles, P., Chaitanya, R., Cronin, D. T., Jähnig, S. C., Jeschke, J. M., Kennerley, R. J., Lacher, T. E. Jr., Luedtke, J. A., Liu, C., Long, B., Mallon, D., Martin, G. M., Meiri, 2024. What factors influence the rediscovery of lost tetrapod species? Global Change Biology, 30: 1-18 - get paper here
  • Masroor, R. 2009. Description of a new species of Eumeces (Sauria: Scincidae) from Pakistan. Zootaxa 2161: 33–46 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
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