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Eumeces schneideri (DAUDIN, 1802)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesEumeces schneideri barani KUMLUTAS, ARIKAN, ILGAZ & KASKA 2007
Eumeces schneideri pavimentatus (GEOFFROY DE ST. HILAIRE 1827)
Eumeces schneideri princeps (EICHWALD 1839)
Eumeces schneideri schneideri (DAUDIN 1802)
Eumeces schneideri zarudnyi (NIKOLSKY 1900) 
Common NamesE: Schneider's Skink, Gold Skink
G: Berberskink, Tüpfelskink (see note)
Russian: Длинноногий сцинк 
SynonymScincus schneideri DAUDIN 1802: 291
Eumeces pavimentatus GEOFFROY DE ST. HILAIRE 1827: 138 (fide SMITH 1935)
Plestiodon Aldrovandi DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 701
Plestiodon Aldrovandi — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 305
Plestiodon Aldrovandi — FISCHER 1888: 115
Eumeces schneideri — BOULENGER 1890: 219
Eumeces schneideri — TAYLOR 1935
Eumeces schneideri — SMITH 1935: 341
Eumeces schneideri — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Gongylus androvandii [sic] — FRANK & RAMUS 1995: 187
Eumeces schneideri — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 351
Eumeces schneideri — ANDERSON 1999
Novoeumeces schneideri — GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000
Eumeces schneideri — BONETTI 2002: 157
Eumeces schneideri — SCHMITZ et al. 2004
Eumeces schneideri aldrovandii — CARRANZA et al. 2008 (see note)
Novoeumeces schneideri — VENUGOPAL 2010
Eumeces schneideri — FAIZI et al. 2017

Eumeces schneideri pavimentatus (GEOFFROY DE ST. HILAIRE 1827)
Scincus pavimentatus GEOFFROY DE ST. HILAIRE 1827: 128
Eumeces pavimentatus var. syriaca BOETTGER 1883
Eumeces schneideri pavimentatus — TAYLOR 1932
Eumeces schneideri pavimentatus — ESTERBAUER 1985
Novoeumeces pavimentatus — GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000
Eumeces schneideri pavimentatus — SCHMITZ et al. 2004
Eumeces pavimentatus — MASROOR 2009

Eumeces schneideri princeps (EICHWALD 1839)
Scincus schneideri DAUDIN 1802
Euprepis princeps EICHWALD 1839: 303
Eumeces schneideri BOULENGER 1887
Eumeces schneiderii princeps MERTENS 1920
Eumeces schneiderii princeps — SCHMIDT 1939
Eumeces schneiderii variegatus SCHMIDT 1939 (fide ANDERSON 1999)
Eumeces schneideri princeps — FRYNTA et al. 1997
Novoeumeces princeps — GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000
Eumeces schneideri princeps — ROITBERG et al. 2000
Eumeces schneideri princeps — SCHMITZ et al. 2004
Eumeces princeps — MASROOR 2009
Eumeces schneideri princeps — DAVLETBAKOV et al. 2016

Eumeces schneideri zarudnyi (NIKOLSKY 1900)
Eumeces zarudnyi — TAYLOR 1936: 142
Eumeces zarudnyi — KHAN & KHAN 1997
Eumeces zarudnyi — ANDERSON 1999
Novoeumeces zarudnyi — GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000
Eumeces zarudnyi — KHAN 2002 (pers. comm.)
Eumeces schneideri zarudnyi — SCHMITZ et al. 2004
Eumeces zarudnyi — MASROOR 2009
Eumeces schneideri zarudnyi — HEIDARI & KAMI et al. 2009
Eumeces schneideri zarudnyi — DAMADI et al. 2017
Eumeces zarudnyi — FAIZI et al. 2017 
DistributionE Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Sinai, Israel,
Cyprus, Turkey, W Syria, Lebanon,
Jordan, Iran (Kavir desert), Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Transcaucasia, Russia (Dagestan), Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, E Republic of Georgia, S Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, NW India (Gujarat)

barani: Turkey (Anatolia)

pavimentatus: Syria, Lebanon, Jordan

princeps: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Caucasus, Iran

zarudnyi: SE Iranian Plateau in Kerman, Baluchistan and Sistan Provinces, Iran; Helmand Basin and southern desert regions of Afganistan; Baluchistan and Mekran Coast of Pakistan. Type locality: Bazman, Iran (restricted by Taylor , 1935).

Type locality: “dans les parties les plus chaudes de l’Amérique, sour-tout à la Jamaïque” [in error]  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: lost (probably, fide Anderson 1999, cited in Baha El Din 2006)
Lectotype: ZISP 9339, (designated by Taylor “1935” 1936), “Urbs Bazman in Kirmano orient.” [Bazman, Baluchistan-Sistan Province, Iran]. Leg.: N.A. Zarudny, 3.VIII.1898. Paralectotypes: ZISP 9340 (one specimen), “Labe-Ab in Seistano” [Lab-e Bareng, Baluchistan-Sistan Province, Iran]. Leg.: N.A. Zarudny, 2.V.1898.—ZISP 9341 (one specimen), “Schur-Ab in Kirmano orient.” [Shurab, Beluchistan-Sistan Province, Iran]. Leg.: N.A. Zarudny, 11.VIII.1898 [zarudnyi]
Holotype: ZDEU 163/2002. female, 25.05.2002, leg. Y. Kumluta , Y. Kaska, Ç. Ilgaz. [barani] 
CommentSubspecies after SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996 who treat N. s. meridionalis as separate species but point out its unclear status. N. schneideri blythianus is treated here as full species. Novoeumeces algeriensis has been considered as a subspecies of N. schneideri. Carranza et al. (2008) do not mention Eumeces schneideri aldrovandii in their paper but have submitted DNA sequence data for this taxon (GenBank: EU278237.1).

Distribution: Plestiodon Aldrovandi occurs in Egypt and Algeria (fide DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854) and China (fide DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 705). See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran.

Type Species: Scincus pavimentatus GEOFFROY DE ST. HILAIRE 1827 is the type species of the genus Eumeces WIEGMANN 1834: 36. GRIFFITH et al. (2000) designated Scincus pavimentatus GEOFFROY DE ST. HILAIRE 1827 as the type species of the genus Novoeumeces. Note that Novoeumeces GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000 was incorrectly named, since according to the ICZN rules on taxonomy classification, if a genus is split, then the group containing the type species must retain the original name.

N. s. barani “is differentiated from other two subspecies in Anatolia (E. s. princeps and E. s. pavimentatus) by its characteristic colour and colour-pattern as well as by the scales along the dorsal midline” (KUMLUTAS et al. 2007).

Common name: A note on the German common name (contributed by Andreas Helmdag, pers. comm.): “Der Berberskink war die seinerzeit (historische Terraristik) bekanntere Unterart/Form aus dem E. schneideri/pavimentatus Komplex. Der Trivialname bezog sich auf das Herkunftsgebiet, das ja Barbary (Franz. Nordafrika) genannt wurde. Der Tüpfelskink war ja als solches nicht bekannt. In der Jetztzeit ist der Tierhandel bildungsmässig nicht in der Lage beide Arten zu unterscheiden (optische Ähnlichkeit der Färbung). So wird der Trivialname "missbraucht". Bei Nachfrage wird oft bereitwillig mitgeteilt, das die importierten "Berberskinke" aus Ägypten stammen ... und folglich den Trivialnamen Tüpfelskink tragen müssten.”

NCBI taxonID: 2059310 [barani]
NCBI taxonID: 2059309 [zarudnyi]
NCBI taxonID: 500827 [pavimentatus]
NCBI taxonID: 500828 [princeps]
NCBI taxonID: 500826 [aldrovandii] 
EtymologyNamed after Johann Gottlob Schneider (1750-1822), German zoologist.

The generic name is from Greek eumeces = elongated. Also, Greek “eumekes” = trim and tall (fide SCHLEICH et al. 1996: 348) 
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