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Eurylepis poonaensis (SHARMA, 1970)

IUCN Red List - Eurylepis poonaensis - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Poona Skink 
SynonymEumeces poonaensis SHARMA 1970
Eumeces poonaensis — DAS 1996: 46
Eurylepis poonaensis — GRIFFITH et al. 2000
Eurylepis poonaensis — SCHMITZ et al. 2004
Eurylepis poonaensis — DATTA-ROY 2017 
DistributionIndia (Maharashtra)

Type locality: Katrajghat, 2km south of Poona, Maharashtra, India  
TypesHolotype: ZSI 21159, female 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: This species is characterized by the following combination of characters: dorsal scales heterogeneous, composed of smaller cycloid, imbricate scales laterally and a median longitudinal (vertebral) series of 84 to 86 enlarged, greatly elongated scales including nuchals; 23 rows of scales at midbody; a single large postnasal and 2 loreals; 7 supralabials, the 5th and 6th forming the lower border of eye, the 7th largest; 6 to 7 infralabials; 3rd toe longer than 4th, with 9 to 11 lamellae under 3rd toe, and 8 to 9 under the 4th; tail longer than SVL.
This species is most similar to E. taeniolatus, but differs from it with respect to (E. taeniolatus versus E. poonaen­sis): dorsal scalation (with a vertebral series of 75 enlarged, greatly elongated scales including nuchals versus 84–86); length of 3rd toe (shorter than 4th versus longer); midbody scale rows (21 versus 23); number of lamellae under 4th toe (13 to 14 versus 8 to 9); shape of frontal (hexagonal with straight posterior margin, barely touching interparietal versus roughly hexagonal with rounded posterior margin, widely touching interparietal). (Datta-Roy et al. 2017) 
CommentM. S. Khan (personal communication, cited in GRIFFITH et al. 2000) has suggested that E. poonaensis may be a junior synonym of taeniolatus, which would render the genus monotypic. However, Taylor (1936: 110) believed
that more than one species might be included within E. taeniolatus, and recommended further investigation of the systematics of the taeniolatus group. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Datta-Roy, A., V. Deepak, R. Chaitanya, C. Murthy, H. Bhosale, A. Lajmi, P. Karanth, K. Kunte & V. Giri 2017. On the taxonomic status of Eurylepis poonaensis (Squamata: Scincidae): resolving a long-standing conundrum. Salamandra 53 (3): 389-397 - get paper here
  • Griffith, H., A. Ngo & R. W. Murphy 2000. A cladistic evaluation of the cosmopolitan genus Eumeces Wiegmann (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 7 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Schmitz, Andreas; Patrick Mausfeld and Dirk Embert 2004. Molecular studies on the genus Eumeces Wiegmann, 1834: phylogenetic relationships and taxonomic implications. Hamadryad 28 (1-2): 73 – 89 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 1970. A new lizard, Eumeces poonaensis (Scincidae) from India. Records Zool. Survey India 62: 239-241 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
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