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Eutropis tammanna DAS, DE SILVA & AUSTIN, 2008

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymEutropis tammanna DAS, DE SILVA & AUSTIN 2008 
DistributionSri Lanka

Type locality: 17 mile post, Buttala (06°40'53"N, 81°16'14"E; elevation 125 m asl), Kataragama Road, Uva Province, Sri Lanka  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: NMSL, Department of National Museums, Colombo (formerly, the Ceylon Museum, CMS), registration number awaited (field number CCA 2365), adult male; C. C. Austin and A. de Silva, collectors, 7 November 2002. 
DiagnosisMorphological diagnosis: A small (SVL to 52.3 mm) species of Eutropis, diagnosable from congeneric species in having the following combination of characters: transparent window-like disk absent on lower eye-lids; prefrontals in broad contact; a single pair of nuchals; postnasal absent; ear opening larger than adjacent scales; dorsal scales with 6–7 keels; midbody scale rows 28–29; paravertebral scale rows 37–40; ventral scales 41–48; lamellae under fourth toe 15–16; dark labial bars present in both sexes, which are more distinct in males; dark postocular stripe absent; males brown on dorsum, with dark flanks speckled with cream; females similar to males, the pattern less contrasting; lacking paired series of black markings, pale vertebral stripes or dark longitudinal stripes on dorsum. In addition, the rostral, labials, and gular region of presumed breeding males are flame scarlet. DAS et al. (2008) also provided a molecular diagnosis (not given here). 
Comment 
EtymologyDerived from Pali, a Middle Indo-Aryan dialect, and the source of Sinhala and several east Indian languages, meaning bronze, the overall colour of dorsum of the new species. Tammanna is also the point where King Vijaya (543–504 B.C.), who founded the first Sinhalese empire, landed on the island, close to the Tammanna Estate, where we collected additional material of the new species. 
References
  • Das, Indraneil; de Silva, Anslem; Austin, Christopher C. 2008. A new species of Eutropis (Squamata: Scincidae) from Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 1700: 35-52 - get paper here
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
 
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