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Farancia abacura (HOLBROOK, 1836)

IUCN Red List - Farancia abacura - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaDipsadidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesFarancia abacura abacura (HOLBROOK, 1836)
Farancia abacura reinwardtii SCHLEGEL, 1837 
Common NamesE: abacura: Eastern Mud Snake
reinwardtii: Western Mud Snake
G: Schlammnatter 
SynonymHelicops abacurus HOLBROOK 1836: 119
Coluber abacuras HOLBROOK 1836: 119 (fide MALNATE 1971: 362)
Farancia abacurus — BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 123
Calopisma Abacurum — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 342
Calopisma Abacura — DUMÉRIL 1856: 248
Hydrops abacura — SCLATER 1891: 45
Farancia abacura — MATTISON 2007: 153
Farancia abacura — CROTHER et al. 2012
Farancia abacura — WALLACH et al. 2014: 295

Farancia abacura abacura (HOLBROOK 1836)
Farancia abacura abacura — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 182
Homolopsis crassa BLYTH 1854: 300 (fide BAUER & DAS 1999)
Farancia abacura abacura — CROTHER 2000: 62
Farancia abacura abacura — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 293
Farancia abacura abacura — CROTHER et al. 2012

Farancia abacura reinwardtii (SCHLEGEL, 1837)
Homalopsis reinwardtii SCHLEGEL 1837: 173
Farancia abacura reinwardtii — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 182
Farancia abacura reinwardtii — CROTHER 2000: 62
Farancia abacura reinwardtii — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 295
Farancia abacura reinwardtii — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (E Texas, S/E Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, S/E North Carolina, E Virginia, W Tennessee, SE Missouri, S Illinois, W Kentucky)

Type locality: South Carolina.

reinwardtii: Florida, E Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: ANSP 5164 
CommentDescribed in HOLBROOK 1842: 107, vol. 3, fide DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854. Illustration in Reptilia (Münster) 8 (2): 20.

Type species: Coluber abacuras HOLBROOK 1836 is the type species of the genus Farancia HOLBROOK 1836. 
References
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi. American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Baird, S. F. and C. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part 1.-Serpents. Smithsonian Inst., Washington, xvi + 172 pp.
  • Bauer,A.M. & Das,I. 1999. North Carolina reptiles and amphibians of historical note in the collection of the zoological survey of India. J. Elisha Mitchell Scient. Soc. 115 (1): 1-7
  • Belford, Thomas J. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Farancia abacura reinwardtii (western mudsnake). Herpetological Review 46 (3): 385
  • Birkhead, Roger D. 2010. Geographic distribution: Farancia abacura abacura. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 380
  • Birkhead, Roger D. 2010. Geographic distribution: Farancia abacura abacura. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 380
  • Blyth, EDWARD. 1855. Notices and descriptions of various reptiles, new or little known [part 2]. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 23 (3): 287-302 [1854] - get paper here
  • Burger, W. Leslie 1948. Farancia abacura reinwardtii in Oklahoma. Copeia 1948 (2): 133 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
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  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Duméril, A. H. A. 1856. Notice historique sur la ménagerie des reptiles du Muséum d'histoire naturelle et observations qui y ont été recueilles. Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, pp. 193-320 [date of publication unclear but dated 1850-1856] - get paper here
  • Enge, Kevin M. 2009. Venomous and non-venomous snakes of Florida. Publication of the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission. 16 pp.
  • Ernst, C.H., & Barbour, R.W. 1989. Snakes of eastern North America. George Mason Univ. Press, Fairfax, VA 282 pp.
  • Ferguson, Adam W. and M. R. J. Forstner 2005. Geographic Distribution: Farancia abacura reinwardtii (Western Mudsnake). Herpetological Review 36 (2):203. - get paper here
  • Graham, Sean P. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Farancia abacura (red-bellied mudsnake). Herpetological Review 46 (4): 573
  • Guibé, J. & Roux-Estève, R. 1972. Les types de Schlegel (Ophidiens) présents dans les collections du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Zool. Meded. 47: 129-134 - get paper here
  • Haertle, Nicholas E., Paul M. Hampton, Phillip N. Vogrinc and John D. Willson. 2015. Farancia abacura (red-bellied mudsnake) feeding behavior. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 449-450
  • Hahn, D. E.;Wilson, L. D. 1966. Variation in two broods of Farancia abacura reinwardti Schlegel (Serpentes: Colubridae) from Louisiana. Journal of the Ohio Herpetological Society 5 (4): 159-160
  • Hampton, Paul and Taylor Kalmus 2014. The Allometry of Cranial Morphology and Gape Size in Red-Bellied Mudsnakes (Farancia abacura). Herpetologica Sep 2014, Vol. 70, No. 3: 290-297. - get paper here
  • Holbrook, John E. 1836. North American Herpetology, Vol. 1 (1st ed.). J. Dobson, Philadelphia, 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Holbrook, John E. 1842. North American Herpetology; or, A description of the reptiles inhabiting the United States. Vol I (2nd ed.). J. Dobson, Philadelphia, 152 pp. - get paper here
  • Hudson, Bryan D., Zach I. Felix, Justin Oguni, Brad Wilson, Kira McEntire, Theresa Stratmann, Daniel D. Duff and Zack Seymour. 2015. New geographic distributional records of amphbians and reptiles in Georgia, USA. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 595-596
  • Irwin, Kelly J. 2004. Arkansas Snake Guide. Arkansas Game & Fish Commission, Little Rock, 50 pp.
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Karges, J.P. & McDaniel, V.R., 1982. The nomenclatural history and type specimens of Farancia abacura. Journal of Herpetology 16 (2): 183 - get paper here
  • Lillywhite, Harvey B. 2014. How Snakes Work: Structure, Function and Behavior of the World's Snakes. Oxford University Press, New York, 256 pp
  • Linzey, D.W., & Clifford, M.J. 1981. Snakes of Virgina. Univ. Press of Virginia, Charlottesville 159 pp.
  • Lönnberg, Einar 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 17 (1003): 317-339 - get paper here
  • Lutterschmidt, William I. 2013. REPTILES IN RESEARCH: INVESTIGATIONS OF ECOLOGY, PHYSIOLOGY, AND BEHAVIOR FROM DESERT TO SEA. Nova Science, New York, 527 pp. - get paper here
  • Malone, John H.;Heinike, David;Winsor, Don 1999. Geographic distribution. Farancia abacura reinwardtii. Herpetological Review 30 (1): 53-54 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • McDaniel V R; Karges J P 1983. Farancia abacura (Holbrook). Mud snake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 314: 1-2 - get paper here
  • McVay, John David; Bryan Carstens 2013. Testing monophyly without well-supported gene trees: Evidence from multi-locus nuclear data conflicts with existing taxonomy in the snake tribe Thamnophiini. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Volume 68, Issue 3, September 2013, Pages 425–431 - get paper here
  • Means, D. Bruce;Christman, Steven P. 1998. Geographic distribution. Farancia abacura. Herpetological Review 29 (3): 177 - get paper here
  • Mitchell J C 1982. Farancia Gray. Mud and rainbow snakes. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 292: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Paden, Lance. 2015. Farancia abacura abacura (red-bellied mudsnake) reproduction / courtship. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 450
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Générale: xxviii +251 S. + Partie Descriptive: 606 S. + xvi. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum) - get paper here
  • Sclater, W. L. 1891. List of snakes in the Indian Museum. Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, 79 pp.
  • Snyder, Richard C. 1945. Notes on the snakes of southeastern Alabama. Copeia 1945 (3): 173-174 - get paper here
  • Steen, David A., Dirk J. Stevenson, Jeffrey C. Beane, John D. Willson, Matthew J. Aresco, James C. Godwin, Sean P. Graham, Lora J. Smith, Jennifer M. Howse, D. Craig Rudolph, Josh B. Pierce, James R. Lee, Beau B. Gregory, John Jensen, Sierra H. Stile 2013. Terrestrial movements of the red-bellied mudsnake (Farancia abacura) and rainbow snake (F. erytrogramma). Herpetological Review 44 (2): 208-213
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  • Werler, John E.&; James R. Dixon 2000. Texas Snakes. University of Texas Press, 544 pages
 
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