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Farancia abacura (HOLBROOK, 1836)

IUCN Red List - Farancia abacura - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaDipsadidae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesFarancia abacura abacura (HOLBROOK, 1836)
Farancia abacura reinwardtii SCHLEGEL, 1837 
Common NamesE: abacura: Eastern Mud Snake
reinwardtii: Western Mud Snake
G: Schlammnatter 
SynonymHelicops abacurus HOLBROOK 1836: 119
Coluber abacuras HOLBROOK 1836: 119 (fide MALNATE 1971: 362)
Farancia abacurus — BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 123
Calopisma Abacurum — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 342
Calopisma Abacura — DUMÉRIL 1856: 248
Hydrops abacura — SCLATER 1891: 45
Farancia abacura — MATTISON 2007: 153
Farancia abacura — CROTHER et al. 2012

Farancia abacura abacura (HOLBROOK 1836)
Farancia abacura abacura — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 182
Homolopsis crassa BLYTH 1854: 300 (fide BAUER & DAS 1999)
Farancia abacura abacura — CROTHER 2000: 62
Farancia abacura abacura — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 293
Farancia abacura abacura — CROTHER et al. 2012

Farancia abacura reinwardtii (SCHLEGEL, 1837)
Homalopsis reinwardtii SCHLEGEL 1837: 173
Farancia abacura reinwardtii — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 182
Farancia abacura reinwardtii — CROTHER 2000: 62
Farancia abacura reinwardtii — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 295
Farancia abacura reinwardtii — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (E Texas, S/E Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, S/E North Carolina, E Virginia, W Tennessee, SE Missouri, S Illinois, W Kentucky)

Type locality: South Carolina.

reinwardtii: Florida, E Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: ANSP 5164 
CommentDescribed in HOLBROOK 1842: 107, vol. 3, fide DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854. Illustration in Reptilia (Münster) 8 (2): 20.

Type species: Coluber abacuras HOLBROOK 1836 is the type species of the genus Farancia HOLBROOK 1836. 
References
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi. American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Baird, S. F. and C. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part 1.-Serpents. Smithsonian Inst., Washington, xvi + 172 pp.
  • Bauer,A.M. & Das,I. 1999. North Carolina reptiles and amphibians of historical note in the collection of the zoological survey of India. J. Elisha Mitchell Scient. Soc. 115 (1): 1-7
  • Birkhead, Roger D. 2010. Geographic distribution: Farancia abacura abacura. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 380
  • Birkhead, Roger D. 2010. Geographic distribution: Farancia abacura abacura. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 380
  • Blyth, EDWARD. 1855. Notices and descriptions of various reptiles, new or little known [part 2]. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 23 (3): 287-302 [1854] - get paper here
  • Burger, W. Leslie 1948. Farancia abacura reinwardtii in Oklahoma. Copeia 1948 (2): 133 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Cundall, David;Rossman, Douglas A. 1984. Quantitative comparisons of skull form in the colubrid snake genera Farancia and Pseudoeryx. Herpetologica 40 (4): 388-405 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Duméril, A. H. A. 1856. Notice historique sur la ménagerie des reptiles du Muséum d'histoire naturelle et observations qui y ont été recueilles. Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, pp. 193-320 [date of publication unclear but dated 1850-1856] - get paper here
  • Enge, Kevin M. 2009. Venomous and non-venomous snakes of Florida. Publication of the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission. 16 pp.
  • Ernst, C.H., & Barbour, R.W. 1989. Snakes of eastern North America. George Mason Univ. Press, Fairfax, VA 282 pp.
  • Ferguson, Adam W. and M. R. J. Forstner 2005. Geographic Distribution: Farancia abacura reinwardtii (Western Mudsnake). Herpetological Review 36 (2):203. - get paper here
  • Guibé, J. & Roux-Estève, R. 1972. Les types de Schlegel (Ophidiens) présents dans les collections du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Zool. Meded. 47: 129-134 - get paper here
  • Hahn, D. E.;Wilson, L. D. 1966. Variation in two broods of Farancia abacura reinwardti Schlegel (Serpentes: Colubridae) from Louisiana. Journal of the Ohio Herpetological Society 5 (4): 159-160
  • Hampton, Paul and Taylor Kalmus 2014. The Allometry of Cranial Morphology and Gape Size in Red-Bellied Mudsnakes (Farancia abacura) Herpetologica Sep 2014, Vol. 70, No. 3: 290-297. - get paper here
  • Holbrook, John E. 1836. North American Herpetology, Vol. 1 (1st ed.). J. Dobson, Philadelphia, 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Holbrook, John E. 1842. North American Herpetology; or, A description of the reptiles inhabiting the United States. Vol I (2nd ed.). J. Dobson, Philadelphia, 152 pp. - get paper here
  • Irwin, Kelly J. 2004. Arkansas Snake Guide. Arkansas Game & Fish Commission, Little Rock, 50 pp.
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Karges, J.P. & McDaniel, V.R., 1982. The nomenclatural history and type specimens of Farancia abacura. Journal of Herpetology 16 (2): 183 - get paper here
  • Linzey, D.W., & Clifford, M.J. 1981. Snakes of Virgina. Univ. Press of Virginia, Charlottesville 159 pp.
  • Lönnberg, Einar 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 17 (1003): 317-339 - get paper here
  • Malone, John H.;Heinike, David;Winsor, Don 1999. Geographic distribution. Farancia abacura reinwardtii. Herpetological Review 30 (1): 53-54 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • McDaniel V R; Karges J P 1983. Farancia abacura (Holbrook). Mud snake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 314: 1-2 - get paper here
  • McVay, John David; Bryan Carstens 2013. Testing monophyly without well-supported gene trees: Evidence from multi-locus nuclear data conflicts with existing taxonomy in the snake tribe Thamnophiini. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Volume 68, Issue 3, September 2013, Pages 425–431 - get paper here
  • Means, D. Bruce;Christman, Steven P. 1998. Geographic distribution. Farancia abacura. Herpetological Review 29 (3): 177 - get paper here
  • Mitchell J C 1982. Farancia Gray. Mud and rainbow snakes. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 292: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Générale: xxviii +251 S. + Partie Descriptive: 606 S. + xvi. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum) - get paper here
  • Sclater, W. L. 1891. List of snakes in the Indian Museum. Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, 79 pp.
  • Snyder, Richard C. 1945. Notes on the snakes of southeastern Alabama. Copeia 1945 (3): 173-174 - get paper here
  • Steen, David A., Dirk J. Stevenson, Jeffrey C. Beane, John D. Willson, Matthew J. Aresco, James C. G 2013. Terrestrial movements of the red-bellied mudsnake (Farancia abacura) and rainbow snake (F. erytrogramma). Herpetological Review 44 (2): 208-213
  • Vance, Thomas 1994. Farancia abacura reinwardtii (western mud snake). USA: Louisiana. Herpetological Review 25 (2): 76 - get paper here
  • Werler, John E.&; James R. Dixon 2000. Texas Snakes. University of Texas Press, 544 pages
 
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