You are here » home advanced search Fordonia leucobalia

Fordonia leucobalia (SCHLEGEL, 1837)

IUCN Red List - Fordonia leucobalia - Least Concern, LC

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaHomalopsidae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Crab-eating (Water) Snake, White-bellied mangrove snake
G: Krebs-Wassertrugnatter 
SynonymHomalopsis leucobalia SCHLEGEL 1837
Fordonia leucobalia - GRAY 1842
Fordonia unicolor GRAY 1849
Hemiodontus leucobalia — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 884
Hemiodontus chalybaeus JAN 1863
Fordonia bicolor THEOBALD 1868
Fordonia papuensis MACLEAY 1877
Fordonia varabilis MACLEAY 1878
Fordonia leucobalia — SMITH 1943: 396
Fordonia leucobalia — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 352
Fordonia leucobalia — COX et al. 1998: 39
Fordonia leucobalia — COGGER 2000: 625
Fordonia leucobalia — SANG et al. 2009
Fordonia leucobalia — MURPHY & VORIS 2014: 20 
DistributionAustralia (North Territory, Queensland, West Australia)
Bangladesh;
India (Bengal);
Indonesia (Borneo, Irian Jaya, Seram=Ceram, Sumatra, Java; Timor, Ambon);
Malaysia (Malaya and East Malaysia);
Myanmar (Burma),
Papua New Guinea
Philippine Islands;
Singapore;
Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam

Type locality: Timor (Indonesia) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: RMNH 1161 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983. Has been reported from the Nicobar Islands but is not listed by DAS 1999 for the Nicobar Islands.

Habitat: at least partially coastal and thus considered (partially) “marine”.

Reproduction: viviparous.

Diet: crustaceans

Type species: Homalopsis leucobalia SCHLEGEL 1837 is the type species of the genus Fordonia GRAY 1842.

Diagnosis (genus): Upper labials 5 or 6, third enters orbit; loreal usually absent; scales in ocular ring plate-like; frontal shorter than parietal scales; rear fangs robust, grooved, dorsal pattern uniform slate gray or mottled with red, brown, black, and white (or some combination of these colors) (MURPHY & VORIS 2014). 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, I. 1999. Biogeography of the amphibians and reptiles of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. In: Ota,H. (ed) Tropical Island herpetofauna..., Elsevier, pp. 43-77 - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel,G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., BIBRON, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Frith,C.B. & MacIver,D. 1978. The crab-eating Water Snake, Fordonia leucobalia (SCHLEGEL), another snake new to Thailand. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. (Bangkok) 27: 189-191
  • Kopstein, F. 1938. Ein Beitrag zur Eierkunde und zur Fortpflanzung der Malaiischen Reptilien. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 14: 81-167
  • Lang, Ruud de 2012. Snakes of the Lesser Sunda Islands (Nusa Tenggara), Indonesia. Edition Chimaira, 349 pp.
  • Macleay, W. 1877. The ophidians of the Chevert Expedition. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 2: 33-41. - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Murphy, J.C. & Voris, H.K. 2014. A Checklist and Key to the Homalopsid Snakes (Reptilia, Squamata, Serpentes), with the Description of New Genera. FIELDIANA: LIFE AND EARTH SCIENCES (8): 1–43 - get paper here
  • Murphy, John C. 2007. Homalopsid Snakes: Evolution in the Mud. Krieger Publishing, Malabar, Florida, 249 pp.
  • Rahman, Shahriar Caesar; Reza, Ahm Ali; Datta, Rupa; Jenkins, Chris L.; Luiselli, Luca 2014. Niche partitioning and population structure of sympatric mud snakes (Homalopsidae) from Bangladesh. The Herpetological Journal 24 (2): 123-128 - get paper here
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Générale: xxviii +251 S. + Partie Descriptive: 606 S. + xvi. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum) - get paper here
  • Seung Hoon, Cha 2012. Snake, the world most beautifull curve [in Korean]. Hownext, 304 pp. [ISBN 978-89-965656-7-3] - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Somaweera, R. 2009. Snakes of Darwin. Poster, University of Sydney
  • Whitaker, Romulus<br />and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp. - get paper here
  • Wilson,S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator