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Furcifer minor (GÜNTHER, 1879)

IUCN Red List - Furcifer minor - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Lesser Chameleon 
SynonymChamaeleon minor GÜNTHER 1879: 246
Furcifer minor — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 257
Furcifer minor — NECAS 1999: 283
Chamaeleo minor— PIANKA & VITT 2003
Furcifer minor — NECAS 2012 
DistributionC Madagascar

Type locality: Fianarantsoa, Betsileo, S.E. Madagascar  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.21.42-45, three males and one female. Previously NHMUK 1879.6.11.1–3), G. A. Shaw. 
DiagnosisOriginal description: “This species is allied to Chameleon bifurcus, but considerably smaller, and also differing from It in several other respects.
Snout of the adult male produced into two flat compressed horns, slightly divergent in front, and covered with large scutes; they are much approximated at their base, and connected by a transverse scute, which also, in the female, is persistent, although this sex, as usual, is destitute of horns.
Occipital region flat, slanting from behind forwards, with a rounded margin behind, and without lateral flaps. The dorsal crest is low, composed of a few isolated tubercles, and ceases towards the middle of the back. No distinct gular or ventral
median series of tubercles, the median tubercles differing so slightly from those on the side as to scarcely deserve the designation of crest. The scutes on the upperside of the head and on the cheek are rather large and irregular. No larger
tubercles on the body or limbs; heel without spur or prominence.
Dark greenish, with a white streak along the median line of the throat and belly; female, besides, with a similar white band along the hinder side of the hind leg, and continued for a short distance on each side of the tail.
Four specimens were collected, three adult males and one female; the largest of the males is 8.75 inches long, the tail measuring 4.5. The smallest male (which has the horns fully developed) is 7.25 inches long, the tail measuring 4 inches.
The female is the smallest of all; yet it must be adult, as it is full of mature eggs. It is only 5.25 inches long, the tail measuring 3 inches.” (Günther 1879: 246) 
  • CAMPBELL, PATRICK D; WOLFGANG DENZER 2020. Annotated catalogue of chameleon types in the collection of the Natural History Museum, UK (NHMUK) (Reptilia: Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Zootaxa 4742 (3): 481–500 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Glaw, F. 2004. Die Herpetofauna Madagaskars: Vielfalt, Lebensweise und Gefährdung. Draco 5 (19): 4-21 - get paper here
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1879. Description of a new species of Chamaeleon from Madagascar. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 4: 246-247. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1879. Description of four new species of Chamaeleon from Madagascar. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1879: 148-150. - get paper here
  • Necas, P. 2012. Chamäleons der Gattung Furcifer. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (95): 20-27 - get paper here
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe) ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955] - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
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