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Gallotia bravoana HUTTERER, 1985

IUCN Red List - Gallotia bravoana - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaLacertidae (Gallotiinae), Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymGallotia simonyi bravoana HUTTERER 1985
Gallotia simonyi gomerana HUTTERER 1985
Gallotia goliath bravoana HUTTERER 1985
Gallotia simonyi bravoana — BISCHOFF 1998
Gallotia simonyi bravoana — MATEO et al. 2001
Gallotia gomerana — NOGALES et al. 2001
Gallotia gomerana — RODRUGUEZ 2002
Gallotia simonyi bravoana — BISCHOFF 2005
Gallotia bravoana — MARTÍN & RANDO 2006
Gallotia gomerana — COX et al. 2010 
DistributionCanary Islands (La Gomera)

Type locality: Barranco de Chinguarime (28°01'10"N, 17°10'10"W), La Gomera, Kanarische Inseln.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 42392 
CommentNomenclature: Following the ruling of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, the name of this species is Gallotia bravoana, not Gallotia gomerana (IUCN Redlist website, accessed 18 Feb 2010).

Diagnosis: Eine Rieseneidechse mit nur einer Reihe von 5-6 Pterygoidzähnehen,
maximal 24 Maxillar- und 26 Dentalzähnen. Gesamtlänge kleiner als bei
G. goliath von Tenerife. Parietalforamen offen [from HUTTERER 1985].

Conservation: G. goliath is extinct.

Size: G.bravoana reached a snout-vent length (SVL) of at least 380 mm. 
EtymologyDie neue Form ist Herrn Dr. Telesforo Bravo, Tenerife, in Anerkennung seiner großen Verdienste um die Erforschung der Geologie und Paläontologie der Kanarischen Inseln gewidmet. 
References
  • Čerňanský, A., Klembara, J. and Smith, K. T. 2015. Fossil lizard from central Europe resolves the origin of large body size and herbivory in giant Canary Island lacertids. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. doi: 10.1111/zoj.12340 - get paper here
  • Cox, Siobhan C.; Salvador Carranza, Richard P. Brown 2010. Divergence times and colonization of the Canary Islands by Gallotia lizards. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (2): 747-757 [corrigendum in 56: 1136] - get paper here
  • Evenhuis, T. 2006. La Gomera: Herpetologische waarnemingen, November 2005. Lacerta 64 (2): 64-75 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez EG, Cerón-Souza I, Mateo JA, Zardoya R 2014. Island survivors: population genetic structure and demography of the critically endangered giant lizard of La Gomera, Gallotia bravoana. BMC Genetics 2014, 15 :121 - get paper here
  • Hernández, Mariano, Nicole Maca-Meyer, J. Carlos Rando, Alfredo Valido and Manuel Nogales 2001. Addition of a New Living Giant Lizard from La Gomera Island to the Phylogeny of the Endemic Genus Gallotia (Canarian Archipelago). The Herpetological Journal 11 (4):171-173
  • Hutterer,R. 1985. Neue Funde von Rieseneidechsen (Lacertidae) auf der Insel Gomera. Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 36: 365-394 - get paper here
  • Lázaro, S.C. 2015. Die Rückkehr der Riesen von La Gomera. Terraria Elaphe 2016 (1): 80-82
  • Martín, A. & Rando, J.C. 2006. On the scientific name of the extant Giant Lizard of La Gomera (Canary Islands): Gallotia gomerana Hutterer, 1985 vs. G. bravoana Hutterer, 1985 (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Vieraea 34: 65-70
  • Mateo, J.A.; Garcia-Marquez, M.; Lopez-Jurado, L.F. & Barahona, F. 2001. Descripción del lagarto gigante de La Palma (Islas Canarias) a partir de restos subfósiles. Revista Española de Herpetología 15: 53-59 - get paper here
  • MATEO, JOSÉ A.; PIERRE-ANDRÉ CROCHET & OSCAR M. AFONSO 2011. The species diversity of the genus Gallotia (Sauria: Lacertidae) during the Holocene on La Gomera (Canary Islands) and the Latin names of Gomeran giant lizards. Zootaxa 2755: 66–6 - get paper here
  • Nogales, Manuel, Juan C. Rando, Alfredo Valido and Aurelio Martín 2001. Discovery of a living giant lizard, genus Gallotia (Reptilia: Lacertidae), from la Gomera, Canary Islands. Herpetologica 57 (2):169-179 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez, Miguel Angel 2002. Das Neueste über die kanarischen Rieseneidechsen. Die Eidechse 13 (1)
  • Sämann, Jürgen; Peter Schuster & Beate Pfau 2008. Zum Stand der Dinge auf La Gomera und El Hierro Anfang 2008. Die Eidechse 19 (2): 33-43
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
 
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