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Gambelia wislizenii (BAIRD & GIRARD, 1852)

IUCN Red List - Gambelia wislizenii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaCrotaphytidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLongnose Leopard Lizard 
SynonymCrotaphytus wislizenii BAIRD & GIRARD 1852: 340
Crotaphytus Gambelii BAIRD & GIRARD 1852: 126
Crotaphytus (Gambelia) wislizenii — BAIRD 1859: 7
Crotaphytus fasciatus HALLOWELL 1852: 206
Leios.[aurus] Hallowellii DUMÉRIL 1856: 533
Crotaphytus wislezenii [sic] — BOULENGER 1885: 204
Crotaphytus fasciatus MOCQUARD 1899 (non HALLOWELL)
Crotaphytus fasciolatus MOCQUARD 1903 (nom. nov. pro C. fasciatus)
Crotaphytus wislizenii — BURT 1935
Gambelia wislizenii wislizenii — SMITH 1946: 158
Gambelia wislizenii — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 94
Crotaphytus (Gambelia) wislizenii punctatus TANNER & BANTA 1963
Crotaphytus wislizenii maculosus TANNER & BANTA 1977
Gambelia wislizenii — STEBBINS 1985: 123
Gambelia wislizenii — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 97
Gambelia wisllizenii [sic] — LINER 2007
Gambelia wislizenii — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009 
DistributionUSA (SE Oregon, S Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, W/S New Mexico, W Texas, SE California),
Mexico (Baja California, NW Sonora, NE Chihuahua, NE Durango, Coahuila)

maculosus: Nevada; Type locality: "approximately 200 m W of the lookout point along Nevada Highway 33, west side of Pyramid Lake, Washoe County, Nevada"

punctatus: Upper Colorado River Basin, Utah, W Colorado, NE New Mexico, N Arizona; Type locality: "Yellow Cat mining District approximately 10 miles south of U. S. Highway 50-6, Grand County, Utah".

wislizeni: Texas, New Mexico, Mexico (Chihuahua)

Type locality: Near Santa Fe, New Mexico. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 2770
Lectotype: USNM 2685 (Tanner and Banta 1963), invalid, fide McGuire 1996: 106.
Holotype: Brig. Young Univ. No. 20928 [puncatus]
Holotype: BYU 32685 [maculosus] 
CommentSynonymy after SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. Subspecies after LINER 1994. However, Montanucci (1978) showed that the G. w. maculosus, G. w. punctatus, and G. w. wislizeni dorsal pattern classes occur sporadically throughout the range of G. wislizenii. Based on these data, G. w. maculosus and G. w. punctatus were considered to be pattern classes and are synonymized with G. wislizenii (McGuire 1996).

Type Species: Crotaphytus wislizenii BAIRD & GIRARD 1852 is the type species of the genus Gambelia BAIRD 1859.

Hybridization: Gambelia sila and Gambelia wislizenii hybridize (Montanucci 1970) 
EtymologyNamed after Frederick Adolph Wislizenius (1810-1889), German-born physician who received his MD at Zurich (Switzerland) after he fled Germany to escape political unrest. After 1835 he lived in the US and worked there as surgeon. 
References
  • Baird, S.F. 1859. Reptiles of the Boundary. In: United States and Mexican Boundary Survey under the Order of Lieut. Col. W. H. Emory, Major First Cavalry, and United States Commisioner. 2, Rept., Pt.2. Department of the Interior, Washington, 35 pp. - get paper here
  • Baird,S.F. and Girard,C. 1852. Reptiles. in: Stansbury’s Exploration and survey of the valley of the Great Salt Lake of Utah, 1852, including a Reconnoissance of a new Route through the Rocky Mountains. pp. 336-365
  • Baird,S.F. and Girard,C. 1852. Characteristics of some new reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 68-70 - get paper here
  • Baird,S.F. and Girard,C. 1852. Characteristics of some new reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, part 2. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 125-129 - get paper here
  • Banta, Benjamin H. and Wilmer W. Tanner 1968. The systematics of Crotaphytus wislizeni, the leopard lizards (Sauria: Iguanidae). Part II. A review of the status of the Baja California Peninsular populations and a description of a new subspecies from Cedros Island. Great Basin Naturalist 28 (4):183-194 - get paper here
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
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  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Burré, G. 2002. Begegnungen mit Iguaniden im Südwesten der USA. Iguana Rundschreiben 15 (2): 13-21
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  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336 - get paper here
  • Clark, H.O., Jr. 2010. Long-nosed Leopard Lizard, Gambelia wislizenii (Baird and Girard, 1852). Herpetofauna of the 100 Mile Circle. Sonoran Herpetologist 23 (5):75-77. - get paper here
  • Claunch, Natalie and Taylor, Emily 2017. Gambelia wislizenii (Long-nosed Leopard Lizard) Saurocaudophagy Herpetological Review 48 (1): 190-192 - get paper here
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  • Duméril, A. H. A. 1856. Description des reptiles nouveaux ou imparfaitement connus de la collection du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle et remarques sur la classification et les charactères des reptiles. Archives du Muséum Hist. Nat. Paris, 8: 438—588. - get paper here
  • Eaton, Theodore H., Jr 1935. Report on amphibians and reptiles of the Navajo country. Bulletin 3. Rainbow Bridge-Monument Valley Expedition : 1-20
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  • Gilman, Casey A.; Gabriel Candelaria, Ben Gershman, Jeffrey P. Norenberg, and Blair O. Wolf 2013. Respiratory Biology during Gravidity in Crotaphytus collaris and Gambelia wislizenii. Journal of Herpetology Jun 2013, Vol. 47, No. 2: 262-269. - get paper here
  • Grace E. Garrison, João C. Zecchini Gebin, Jacob F. Penner, Faelan E. Jacobson, Maria A. Eifler, and Douglas A. Eifler 2017. Intraspecific Variation In Habitat Use and Movement In Long-Nosed Leopard Lizards (Gambelia wislizenii) From the Alvord Basin, Oregon The Southwestern Naturalist Sep 2017, Vol. 62, No. 3: 187-192. - get paper here
  • Hallowell,E. 1852. On a new genus and three new species of reptiles inhabiting North America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1852: 206-209 - get paper here
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  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 550 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 613 pp.
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Moll, E.O. 2003. Gambelia wislizenii (Baird and Girard, 1852) - Long-nosed Leopard Lizard. Patronyms of the Pioneer West. Sonoran Herpetologist 16 (7):50-52. - get paper here
  • Montanucci, R. R. 1967. Further studies on leopard lizards, Crotaphytus wislizenii. Herpetologica 23 (2): 119-126 - get paper here
  • Montanucci, R. R. 1970. Analysis of hybridization between Crotaphytus wislizenii and Crotaphytus silus (Sauria: Iguanidae) in California. Copeia 1970 (1): 104-123 - get paper here
  • Montanucci, R. R. 1978. Dorsal pattern polymorphism and adaptation in Gambelia wislizenii (Reptilia, Lacertilia, Iguanidae). Journal of Herpetology 12 (1): 73-81 - get paper here
  • Mosauer, Walter 1936. The reptilian fauna of sand dune areas of Vizcaino Desert and of northwestern Lower California. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (329): 1-21
  • Nevárez-de los Reyes; Manuel, David Lazcano, Javier Banda-Leal and Ian Recchio 2014. Notes on Mexican Herpetofauna 22: Herpetofauna of the Continental Portion of theMunicipality of Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 49(8):105-115 - get paper here
  • Nussbaum, R.A., Brodie, E.D., Jr., & Storm, R.M. 1983. Amphibians and reptiles of the Pacific Northwest. Univ. Press of Idaho, Moscow 332 pp.
  • Ortenburger, A. I.;Ortenburger, R. D. 1927. Field observations on some amphibians and reptiles of Pima County, Arizona. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 6: 101-121 - get paper here
  • Pack, H.J. 1922. Food habits of Crotaphytus wislizenii Baird and Girard. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 35: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Parker, William S.;Pianka, Eric R. 1976. Ecological observations on the leopard lizard (Crotaphytus wislizeni) in different parts of its range. Herpetologica 32 (1): 95-114 - get paper here
  • Schumacher, R. & Schumacher, Y. 2012. Die Halsband- und Leopardleguane des Colorado-Plateaus. Iguana Rundschreiben 25 (1): 4-16
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  • Stejneger,L.H. 1893. Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna, No. 7: 159-228 (+ 14 plates + 4 maps) - get paper here
  • Switak, Karl-Heinz 2014. Der Leopard unter den Reptilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2014 (2): 26-33 - get paper here
  • Tanner, Vasco M.;Hayward, C. Lynn 1934. A biological study of the La Sal Mountains, Utah report No. 1 (Ecology). Proceedings of the Utah Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters 11: 209-235
  • Tanner, Wilmer W.;Banta, Benjamin H. 1963. The systematics of Crotaphytus wislizeni, the leopard lizards. Part I. A redescription of Crotaphytus wislizeni wislizeni Baird and Girard, and a description of a new subspecies from the Upper Colorado River Basin. Great Basin Naturalist 23 (3-4): 129-148 - get paper here
  • Tanner, Wilmer W.;Banta, Benjamin H. 1977. The systematics of Crotaphytus wislizenii, the leopard lizards. Part III. The leopard lizards of the Great Basin and adjoining areas, with a description of a new subspecies from the Lahonton Basin. Great Basin Naturalist 37:225-240.
  • Tevis, lloyd, Jr. 1944. Herpetological notes from lower California. Copeia 1944 (1): 6-18 - get paper here
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  • Walde, Andrew D.; Andrea Currylow, Angela M. Walde 2015. Discovery of a new burrow associate of the Desert Tortoise (Gopherus agassizii), the Long-nosed Leopard Lizard (Gambelia wislizenii) Herpetology Notes 8: 107-109 - get paper here
  • Werning, Heiko 2012. Die Reptilien und Amphibien des Südwestens. Draco 13 (50): 18-60 - get paper here
  • Werning, Heiko 2012. Der amerikanische Südwesten, ein Sehnsuchtsort auch für Reptilienfreunde. Draco 13 (50): 4-17 - get paper here
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  • Wings, O. & Joyce, W.G. 2006. Jagd und Nahrungsaufnahme eines frei lebenden Leopardleguans Gambelia wislizenii. Elaphe 14 (4): 55-58
  • Woodbury, Angus Munn 1928. The reptiles of Zion National Park. Copeia 1928 (166): 14-21 - get paper here
 
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