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Gambelia wislizenii (BAIRD & GIRARD, 1852)

IUCN Red List - Gambelia wislizenii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaCrotaphytidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Longnose Leopard Lizard
S: Lagartija Mata Caballos 
SynonymCrotaphytus wislizenii BAIRD & GIRARD 1852: 340
Crotaphytus Gambelii BAIRD & GIRARD 1852: 126
Crotaphytus (Gambelia) wislizenii — BAIRD 1859: 7
Crotaphytus fasciatus HALLOWELL 1852: 206
Leios.[aurus] Hallowellii DUMÉRIL 1856: 533
Crotaphytus wislezenii [sic] — BOULENGER 1885: 204
Crotaphytus fasciatus MOCQUARD 1899 (non HALLOWELL)
Crotaphytus wislizenii — COPE 1900: 256
Crotaphytus fasciolatus MOCQUARD 1903 (nom. nov. pro C. fasciatus)
Crotaphytus wislizenii — BURT 1935
Crotaphytus wislizenii — GLOYD 1937
Gambelia wislizenii wislizenii — SMITH 1946: 158
Gambelia wislizenii — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 94
Crotaphytus (Gambelia) wislizenii punctatus TANNER & BANTA 1963
Crotaphytus wislizenii maculosus TANNER & BANTA 1977
Gambelia wislizenii — STEBBINS 1985: 123
Gambelia wislizenii — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 97
Gambelia wisllizenii [sic] — LINER 2007
Gambelia wislizenii — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Gambelia wislizenii — HEIMES 2022 
DistributionUSA (SE Oregon, S Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, W/S New Mexico, W Texas, SE California),
Mexico (Baja California, NW Sonora, NE Chihuahua, NE Durango, Coahuila)

maculosus: Nevada; Type locality: "approximately 200 m W of the lookout point along Nevada Highway 33, west side of Pyramid Lake, Washoe County, Nevada"

punctatus: Upper Colorado River Basin, Utah, W Colorado, NE New Mexico, N Arizona; Type locality: "Yellow Cat mining District approximately 10 miles south of U. S. Highway 50-6, Grand County, Utah".

wislizeni: Texas, New Mexico, Mexico (Chihuahua)

Type locality: Near Santa Fe, New Mexico.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 2770
Lectotype: USNM 2685 (Tanner and Banta 1963), invalid, fide McGuire 1996: 106.
Holotype: BYU 20928 [punctatus]
Holotype: BYU 32685 [maculosus]
Holotype: USNM 2722 [Crotaphytus gambelii]
Holotype: USNM 2736 [Crotaphytus fasciatus Hallowell] 
CommentSynonymy after SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. Subspecies after LINER 1994. However, Montanucci (1978) showed that the G. w. maculosus, G. w. punctatus, and G. w. wislizeni dorsal pattern classes occur sporadically throughout the range of G. wislizenii. Based on these data, G. w. maculosus and G. w. punctatus were considered to be pattern classes and are synonymized with G. wislizenii (McGuire 1996).

Type Species: Crotaphytus wislizenii BAIRD & GIRARD 1852 is the type species of the genus Gambelia BAIRD 1859.

Hybridization: Gambelia sila and Gambelia wislizenii hybridize (Montanucci 1970) 
EtymologyNamed after Frederick Adolph Wislizenius (1810-1889), German-born physician who received his MD at Zurich (Switzerland) after he fled Germany to escape political unrest. After 1835 he lived in the US and worked there as surgeon. 
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